<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>#4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8&#160;53> CGQ=K5 3@K7C=K</title> <meta content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" http-equiv="Content-Type" /> <meta content="text/css" http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" /> <meta name="DESCRIPTION" content=" CAA:>O7KG=K9 <564C=0@>4=K9 A09B ;N18B5;59 "5@@8 @0BG5BB0. AQ > "5@@8 @0BG5BB5 8 53> :=830E. 5@52>4 :=838 "5@@8 @0BG5BB0 #4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8 53> CG5=K5 3@K7C=K, 02B>@ ?5@52>40: ole_yansen" /><meta name="KEYWORDS" content=""5@@8 @0BG5BB, ;>A:89 8@, Terry Pratchett, Discworld, #4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8 53> CGQ=K5 3@K7C=K, #4828B5;L=K9 >@8A, Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents, ?5@52>4" /> <meta name="AUTHOR" content=""5@@8 @0BG5BB  CAA:>O7KG=K9 <564C=0@>4=K9 A09B" /> </head> <body bgcolor=#EDE3DA> <style type="text/css"> .lbparmain{ text-align: justify; margin-left:10px; margin-right:15px; margin-bottom:5px; margin-top:0px; text-indent:25px;} blockquote.epigraph { margin-bottom:40px; margin-top:0px; } p.epigraph {text-align: right;font-style: italic; } p.epigraphauthor {text-align: right; } .lbchaptertitle{ text-align:center; font-size: 14pt; margin-left:10px; margin-right:15px; margin-bottom:50px; margin-top:60px;} .lbbooktitle{ text-align:center; font-size: 22pt; margin-left:10px; margin-right:15px; margin-bottom:50px; margin-top:60px;}</style> <br /><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;"><img src="/Portals/0/PratImg/PixLib/Cover_small/Maurice_Rodents.jpg" alt="#4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8 53> >1@07>20==K5 3@K7C=K" title="#4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8 53> >1@07>20==K5 3@K7C=K"/></p><br /><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px; font-size:11pt;"><strong>2B>@ ?5@52>40:</strong> ole_yansen</p><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;">5@52>4 4>102;5= =0 A09B Pratchett.org: 29/08/2011</p><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;"> 540:BC@0: Nanny Ogg, Staff</p><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;"><a href="http://pratchett.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=4555&postdays=0&postorder=asc&start=0">1AC48BL ?5@52>4 =0 D>@C<5</a></p><br /><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;"><strong>@838=0;L=>5 =0720=85:</strong> Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents</p> <p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;"><small>@C385 20@80=BK ?5@52>4K =0 @CAA:89: #4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8 53> >1@07>20==K5 3@K7C=K</small></p><p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;">>4 8740=8O: 2001</p> <p style="margin-left:15px; margin-right:15px;">!<. <a href="http://pratchett.org/tabid/237/language/ru-RU/Default.aspx#b_Maurice_Rodents">0==>B0F8N</a> =0 =0H5< A09B5</p><br/> <blockquote class="epigraph"> <p class="epigraph">5@52>4 ?>A2OI05BAO 8:5, <br /> <0;5=L:>9 :@KA5 A&#160;1>;LH8< A5@4F5<,<br /> sine qua non.</p> </blockquote><p class="lbbooktitle"><strong>#4828B5;L=K9 >@8A 8&#160;53> CGQ=K5 3@K7C=K</strong></p> <p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 1</strong></p> <blockquote class="epigraph"> <p class="epigraph">4=064K, ?@51K20O 2&#160;H0;>2;82>< =0AB@>5=88,<br /><8AB5@ 09:8= 3;O=C; G5@57 701>@ =0&#160;?>;5 $5@<5@0 $@540.<br />0&#160;=5< 1K;> ?>;=> 75;5=>3> A0;0B0.<br />4=0:> 65;C4>: <8AB5@0 09:8=0 =5&#160;1K; ?>;>= A0;0B0.<br />-B> ?>:070;>AL 5<C =5G5AB=K<.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> &#160;7&#160;<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p> </blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">&#160;AB08 :@KA! 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A;8 MB> 8&#160;5ABL 20H5 <em><KH;5=85</em>, B>&#160;O&#160;@04, GB> O&#160;8<&#160;=5&#160;70=8<0NAL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> &#160;0209B5 <em>87C<8<</em> 8E,&#160; A:070; >@8A.  &#160;@KAK? =8 4C<0NB, GB> 2845;8 :@KA? >A;5 <em>=0A</em> >=8 1C4CB A;030BL <em>;535=4K</em>!</p> <p>&#160;</p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 2</strong></p> <blockquote class="epigraph"> <p class="epigraph"># <8AB5@0 09:8=0 1K;> ?>;=> 4@C759 2 CH=>9 >;8=5<sup><a class="note" href="#2*">[2*]</a></sup><a name="top2*"></a><br/>> 4@C65;N1=55 2A53> >= >B=>A8;AO : 545.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7 <em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p> </blockquote> <p class="lbparmain"><em>-B> 1K; ?;0=.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">%>@>H89 ?;0=. 065 :@KAK, 4065 5@A8:8 1K;0 2K=C645=0 ?@87=0BL, GB> >= @01>B05B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">A5 7=0NB > =0H5AB28OE :@KA. %>4OB 8725AB=K5 8AB>@88 > 4C4>G=8:0E, :>B>@K5 70@010BK20NB =0 687=L B5<, GB> ?CB5H5AB2CNB 87 3>@>40 2 3>@>4, >A2>1>640O ;N459 >B :@KA. >=5G=>, =0H5AB28O<8 :@KA 2A5 =5 >3@0=8G8205BAO. =>340 ;N48 AB@040NB >B =0H5AB289 0::>@45>=8AB>2, :8@?8G59, A2O70==KE 25@52:>9, 8;8 @K1, => 8<5==> :@KA8=K5 =0H5AB28O 8725AB=55 2A53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">, 5A;8 ?>4C<0BL, MB> ?@028;L=>. A;8 3@K7C=K 7=0NB A2>5 45;>, 20< =5 =C6=> <em><=>3></em> :@KA 4;O =0H5AB28O. 4=0 :@KA0, 5A;8 >=0 3@><:> ?8I8B, 2KA:0:8205B B> B0<, B> 745AL, :C?05BAO 2 A2568E A;82:0E 8 3048B =0 <C:C, C65 A0<0 ?> A515 =0H5AB285.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@>AB> C4828B5;L=>, :0: @04K ;N48 2845BL 3;C?>3> 2840 <0;LG8:0 A 53> 2>;H51=>9 4C4>G:>9 ?>A;5 =5A:>;L:8E 4=59 B0:>3> :>H<0@0.  >=8 ?@>AB> 87C<;5=K, :>340 284OB, :0: :@KAK 87;820NBAO 87 :064>9 I5;8 8 A;54CNB 70 =8< 87 3>@>40. =8 =0AB>;L:> 87C<;5=K, GB> =8:B> =5 >1@0I05B 2=8<0=8O =0 B>B D0:B, GB> :@KA <nobr>2A53>-B></nobr> =5A:>;L:> A>B5=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">> >=8 1K 87C<8;8AL <em><nobr>?>-=0AB>OI5<C</nobr></em>, 5A;8 1K >1=0@C68;8, GB> :@KAK 8 4C4>G=8: 2AB@5G0NBAO A :>B>< 2 :CAB0E 70 3>@>4>< 8 B>@65AB25==> ?5@5AG8BK20NB 45=L38.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>340 >@8A 8 <0;LG8: 2E>48;8 2 3>@>4, >= B>;L:> ?@>AK?0;AO. 8:B> 8E =5 ?>15A?>:>8;, E>BO >@8A GC2AB2>20; : A515 ?>2KH5==K9 8=B5@5A. > MB> 53> =5 2>;=>20;>. = AG8B0;, GB> MB> =>@<0;L=>. >BK ?@>3C;820NBAO A B0:8< 284><, 1C4B> 2A5 2>:@C3 ?@8=04;568B 8<.  <8@ ?>;>= ?0@5=L:0<8 A 3;C?K<8 ;8F0<8, 8 ;N48 =5 B>;?OBAO, GB>1K C2845BL 5I5 >4=>3>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">K;> ?>E>65, GB> A53>4=O 1070@=K9 45=L, => ?@8;02:>2 1K;> =5<=>3>, 8 A =8E 2 >A=>2=>< ?@>4020;8, A:065< B0:, E;0<. !B0@K5 3>@H:8 8 :0AB@N;8, =>H5=K5 1>B8=:8& 25I8, :>B>@K5 ;N48 ?@>40NB, :>340 8< =C6=K 45=L38.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A 2845; 4>AB0B>G=> @K=:>2 2> 2@5<O 8E ?CB5H5AB28O G5@57 4@C385 3>@>40, 8 >= 7=0;, :0: 2A5 4>;6=> 2K3;O45BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB 4>;6=0 1KBL B>;AB0O 65=I8=0, ?@>40NI0O :C@59,  A:070; >=.   ?@>402FK ;5=B>G5:, 8 A;04>AB59 4;O 45B59. :@>10BK 8 :;>C=K. A;8 ?>2575B, B> 4065 D>:CA=8: A :C=8F59.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB =8G53> B0:>3> =5B,  A:070; <0;LG8:.  "CB 4065 =5G53> ?>:C?0BL. / 4C<0;, BK A:070;, GB> MB> <em>1>30BK9</em> 3>@>4, >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, >= <em>2K3;O48B</em> 1>30B>,  A:070; >@8A.  A5 MB8 >3@><=K5 ?>;O 2 4>;8=5, ;>4:8 =0 @5:5& :0: 1K;> =5 ?>4C<0BL, GB> C;8FK BCB 2K<>I5=K 7>;>B><?</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;LG8: 3;O=C; =025@E.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !B@0==>,  A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> N48 2K3;O4OB 154=>, a 2>B 4><0 BCB 1>30BK5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> MB> 459AB28B5;L=> 1K;> B0:. >@8A =5 1K; M:A?5@B>< 2 0@E8B5:BC@5, => A@07C 70<5B8;, GB> 45@52O==K5 740=8O 1K;8 C:@0H5=K 25;8:>;5?=>9 @57L1>9 8 ?>:@KBK E>@>H59 :@0A:>9.  >= 70<5B8; <nobr>:>5-GB></nobr> 5I5. 51@56=> ?@818BCN : 1;8609H59 AB5=5 B01;8G:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0 =59 1K;> =0?8A0=>:</p> <p class="lbparmain"><strong>   "+%  +!!</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p class="lbparmain"><strong>50 !  %!"!</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p class="lbparmain"><strong> )",!/:  +!+</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p class="lbparmain"><nobr><strong>'/</strong></nobr><strong> "%#!</strong><sup><a class="note" href="#3*">[3*]</a></sup><a name="top3*"></a></p> <p class="lbparmain">0;LG8: CAB028;AO =0 =04?8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >E>65, >=8 <em>A5@L57=></em> E>BOB 871028BAO >B A2>8E :@KA,  25A5;> A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8:B> 5I5 =5 CAB0=02;820; =03@04C 2 ?>;4>;;0@0 70 E2>AB,  ?@>1>@<>B0; <0;LG8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> / 65 <em>3>2>@8;</em> B515, GB> MB> 1>;LH>5 45;>,  A:070; >@8A.  K 1C45< A845BL =0 :CG5 7>;>B0 5I5 4> :>=F0 =545;8!</p> <p class="lbparmain">  GB> B0:>5 @0BE0CA?  A?@>A8; <0;LG8: A A><=5=85< 2 3>;>A5.  -B> =5 <>65B 1KBL 4>< 4;O :@KA, ?@0240?  ?>G5<C 2A5 B0: =0 B51O A<>B@OB?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B><C GB> O :@0A82K9 :>B,  ?0@8@>20; >@8A. > 4065 5A;8 B0:, <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 745AL 1K;> =5?@028;L=>. N48 ?>4B0;:820;8 4@C3 4@C30 ;>:BO<8, 8 ?>:07K20;8 =0 =53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: 1C4B> =8:>340 @0=LH5 =5 2845;8 :>B0,  ?@>1>@<>B0; >=, 3;O4O =0 1>;LH>5 740=85 G5@57 4>@>3C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> 1K;> 1>;LH>5 :204@0B=>5 AB@>5=85, >:@C65==>5 B>;?>9 ;N459.  =0 =5< 28A5;0 B01;8G:0: "%#!.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0BE0CA  MB> <5AB=>5 A;>2>, >1>7=0G0NI55& <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 2@>45 4><0 A>25B0, 8;8 @0BCH8,  A:070; >=.  5 8<55B =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O : :@KA0<, E>BO, 70102=>, GB> 2 =0H5< A;CG05 MB> B0:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >@8A, BK 7=05HL AB>;L:> A;>2!  A:070; <0;LG8: A 2>AE8I5=85<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =>340 O A0< A515 C482;ONAL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">G5@54L B5@O;0AL 2 >3@><=>9 >B:@KB>9 425@8. 7 4@C3>9 425@8 ?>>48=>G:5 8;8 ?0@0<8 2KE>48;8 B5, :B>, 25@>OB=>, C65 >BAB>O; A2>N >G5@54L.  @C:0E 2A5 =5A;8 1CE0=:8 E;510.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >65B, =0< B>65 70=OBL >G5@54L?  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"CB :064K9 ?>:07K20; A2>9 :;>G>: 1C<038 42C< 65=I8=0<, AB>OI8< 2>7;5 1>;LH>3> ?>4=>A0 8 ?>;CG0; =5<=>3> E;510. >B>< >G5@54L ?5@5<5I0;0AL : <C6G8=5, AB>OI5<C 2>7;5 G0=0 A A>A8A:0<8, 8 :064K9 ?>;CG0; 7=0G8B5;L=> <5=LH55 :>;8G5AB2> A>A8A>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"CB 65 AB>O; 8 <M@, 2=8<0B5;L=> =01;N40O 70 ?@>F5AA><, 8 8=>340 3>2>@O <nobr>A;>2>-4@C3>5</nobr> @0740BG8:0< 54K. >@8A A@07C 65 C7=0; 53> ?> 7>;>B>9 F5?8 =0 H55. 0 2@5<O A2>59 @01>BK A :@KA0<8 >= ?>2840; <=>38E <M@>2. > MB>B >B;8G0;AO >B >AB0;L=KE. = 1K; <5=LH5 @>AB><, 1>;55 >701>G5==K9, 8 C =53> 1K;0 ;KA8=0, BI5B=> ?KB0NI0OAO A:@KBLAO 70 B@5<O ?@O4O<8 2>;>A. @><5 B>3>, >= 1K; 7=0G8B5;L=> B>=LH5 4@C38E <M@>2. =, ?>E>65, 1K; =5 87 B5E, :>3> ?>:C?0NB =0 25A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B0:& C =8E <0;> 54K,  ?>4C<0; >@8A. =8 2K=C645=K 2K4020BL 55 ?> :0@B>G:0<. >E>65, GB> 4C4>G=8: <>65B ?>=04>18BLAO 2 ;N1CN <8=CBC. 0:0O C40G0, GB> <K ?>O28;8AL B0: 2>2@5<O& </p> <p class="lbparmain">= ?>H5; =0 C;8FC, B>;L:> =0 MB>B @07 =5<=>3> 1KAB@55, ?>B><C GB> CA;KH0;, :0: <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 83@05B =0 4C4>G:5. 0: >= 8 1>O;AO, 83@0; <0;LG8H:0. = ?>;>68; =0 75<;N DC@06:C, 8 <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 4065 1@>A8; BC40 =5A:>;L:> <>=5B>:. G5@54L 87>3=C;0AL B0:8< >1@07><, GB>1K A;KH0BL <C7K:C, 0 >48= 8;8 420 <0;KH0 4065 B0=F520;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A @0718@0;AO B>;L:> 2 :>H0GL8E ?5A=OE.  =8E 3;02=>5 1K;> AB>OBL 2 ?0@5 4N9<>2 >B 4@C3>3> :>B0 8 >@0BL, ?>:0 B>B =5 A40ABAO. '5;>25G5A:0O <C7K:0 2A5340 :070;0AL 5<C BCA:;>9 8 15AA<KA;5==>9. >, A;KH0 83@C ?0@5=L:0, ;N48 =0G8=0;8 ?@8B>?K20BL =>3>9. 0 8E ;8F0E =5=04>;3> ?>O2;O;0AL C;K1:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A ?>4>640;, ?>:0 <0;LG8H:0 70:>=G8B <5;>48N. >:0 >G5@54L 0?;>48@>20;0, >= 1>G:>< ?@>A:>;L7=C; 70 <0;LG8:><, ?>B5@AO >1 =53> 8 ?@>H8?5;:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B;8G=>, @K1L8 <>738! 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'5@57 ?;5G> :064K9 =5A 65@4L, A :>B>@>9 A28A0;8 @07=>>1@07=K5 ;>2CH:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0 4@C3>< ?;5G5 28A5;0 1>;LH0O AC<:0, 87 B5E, 2 :>B>@K5 A>25@H5==> =5 E>G5BAO 703;O4K20BL.  5I5 :064K9 25; B5@L5@0 =0 ?>2>4:5. -B> 1K;8 B>I85, 1@5E;82K5 A>10:8. =8 @KG0;8 =0 >@8A0, :>340 8E ?@>B0A:820;8 <8<>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">N48 2 >G5@548, 7028452 ?@81;860NI8EAO :@KA>;>2>2, @07@078;8AL ?@825BAB28O<8, 0 :>340 B5 ?>;57;8 2 A2>8 AC<:8 8 2KB0I8;8 ?> 3>@AB8 G53> B>, GB>, ?> <=5=8N >@8A0, 2K3;O45;> :0: G5@=K5 H=C@:8, ?>A;KH0;8AL 0?;>48A<5=BK.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !53>4=O 425AB8!  ?@>:@8G0; >48= 87 :@KA>;>2>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">48= 87 B5@L5@>2 1@>A8;AO 2 AB>@>=C >@8A0, =58AB>2> =0BO=C2 ?>2>4>:. >B =5 ?>H525;8;AO. , =025@=>5, B>;L:> 3;C?>3> 2840 <0;LG8: CA;KH0; =53@><:85 A;>20:</p> <p class="lbparmain">  =>35, H02:0! ;>E>9 ?5A!</p> <p class="lbparmain">0 <>@45 B5@L5@0 >B@078;>AL C60A=> >701>G5==>5 2K@065=85 A>10:8, ?KB0NI59AO 4C<0BL 425 <KA;8 >4=>2@5<5==>. = 7=0;, GB> :>BK =5 3>2>@OB, >4=0:> MB>B :>B B>;L:> GB> 703>2>@8;. -B> 1K;0 C60A=0O ?@>1;5<0. 5A =5C:;N65 CA5;AO =0 75<;N 8 70A:C;8;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >@8A =0G0; 2K;87K20BLAO. -B> 1K;> A<5@B5;L=>5 >A:>@1;5=85.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KA>;>2, @074>A04>20==K9 B0:8< B@CA;82K< ?>2545=85< A2>59 A>10:8, CB0I8; 55 ?@>GL, C@>=82 ?@8 MB>< =5A:>;L:> G5@=KE H=C@:>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KA8=K5 E2>ABK!  2>A:;8:=C; <0;LG8:. # =8E 745AL <em>459AB28B5;L=></em> 1>;LH85 ?@>1;5<K!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> I5 1>;LH5, G5< BK 4C<05HL,  ?@>1>@<>B0; >@8A, CAB0282H8AL =0 A2O7:C E2>AB>2.  "51O =5 70B@C4=8B ?>4>1@0BL 8E =570<5B=>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;LG8: ?>4>640;, ?>:0 =8:B> =5 1C45B A<>B@5BL 2 8E AB>@>=C, 8 =0:;>=8;AO. ">;L:> 53> ?0;LFK :>A=C;8AL A?CB0==KE E2>AB>2, :0: =0 =8E 3@C7=> >?CAB8;AO 1>;LH>9 =0G8I5==K9 G5@=K9 1>B8=>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, 20< =5 AB>8B : =8< ?@8:0A0BLAO, N=K9 AM@,  @0740;AO 3>;>A A25@EC.  K 7=05B5, 2K <>65B5 ?>4F5?8BL 70@07C >B :@KA. B =55 20H8 =>38 27>@2CBAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> 1K; >48= 87 :@KA>;>2>2. = =03@048; <0;LG8:0 H8@>:>9 C;K1:>9, >4=0:> 2 =59 =5 1K;> =8G53> 25A5;>3>. #;K1:0 ?0E;0 ?82><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> ?@0240, N=K9 AM@.  ?>B>< 20H <>73 2KB5G5B 87 =>A0.  A:070; 4@C3>9 :@KA>;>2, ?@81;860OAL A7048.  A;8 2K ?>4E20B8B5 70@07C, 2K =5 >B2068B5AL 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO 20H8< =>A>2K< ?;0B>G:><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >9 :>;;530, :0: >1KG=>, B:=C; ?0;LF5< 2 A0<CN B>G:C, N=K9 AM@  A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2, 4KH0 ?82>< 2 ;8F>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">  MB> 1>;LH5, G5< A<>65B5 A45;0BL 2K, N=K9 AM@,  A:070; B>@>9 @KA>;>2,  ?>B><C GB> >B 1>;57=8 20H8 ?0;LFK& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>0H8</em> 65 =>38 =5 27>@20;8AL,  70<5B8; <0;LG8:. >@8A 70AB>=0;. 8:>340 =5 AB>8B 3@C18BL ?82=><C 70?0EC. > :@KA>;>2K =0E>48;8AL C65 =0 B>9 AB0488, :>340, 2>?@5:8 2A5<C, AG8B05HL A51O >G5=L >AB@>C<=K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , >B;8G=> ?>4<5G5=>, N=K9 AM@. > 2A5 45;> 2 B><, GB> C@>: =><5@ >48= 2 H:>;5 8;L488 :@KA>;>2>2 :0: @07 > B><, :0: =5 ?>72>;OBL A2>8< =>30< 27@K20BLAO,  A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">  MB> :0: @07 :AB0B8, ?>B><C GB> 2B>@>9 C@>: ?@>E>48B =0 2B>@>< MB065,  A:070; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.  / =5>B@078<, =5 B0: ;8, N=K9 AM@?</p> <p class="lbparmain">@C3>9 :@KA>;>2 ?>4=O; ?CG>: G5@=KE H=C@:>2, CAB028;AO =0 <0;LG8:0, 8 53> C;K1:0 <54;5==> C30A;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5 2845; B51O @0=LH5, ?0@5=L. >9 B515 A>25B, =5 AC9 =>A, :C40 =5 A;54C5B, 8 =8G53> =8:><C =8 > G5< =5 3>2>@8. 8 A;>20. >=O;?</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;LG8: >B:@K; 1K;> @>B, => BCB 65 A=>20 53> 70:@K;. @KA>;>2 >?OBL C;K1=C;AO A2>59 C60A=>9 C;K1:>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 30. KAB@> AE20BK205HL, N=K9 AM@. >65B 5I5 C2848<AO, 0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5@6C ?0@8, >= E>G5B AB0BL :@KA>;>2><, :>340 ?>4@0AB5B. , N=K9 AM@?  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A?@>A8; <0;LG8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> # =5:>B>@KE 87 =8E >G5=L AB@0==K5 E2>ABK.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;LG8: >3;O45; ?;>I04L. G5@54L 70 E;51>< =5 C<5=LH0;0AL, 8 MB> 459AB2>20;> 5<C =0 =5@2K. 0 5I5 MB>B ?0@. 0;5=L:85 AB@C9:8 ?>2AN4C 2K@K20;8AL <nobr>87-?>4</nobr> @5H5B>: 8 :@KH5: ;N:>2, :0: 1C4B> 25AL 3>@>4 1K; ?>AB@>5= =0 G09=8:5. @><5 B>3>, 1K;> >BG5B;82>5 >ICI5=85, GB> 70 =8< <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> =01;N405B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, =0< AB>8B =09B8 :@KA 8 C9B8 87 3>@>40,  ?@>87=5A >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">  MB>< 3>@>45 ?0E=5B 1>;LH8<8 2>7<>6=>ABO<8,  2>7@078; >@8A.  "CB <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> ?@>8AE>48B, 0 :>340 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> ?@>8AE>48B, MB> >7=0G05B, GB> <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> <>65B @071>30B5BL.  5A;8 <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> <>65B @071>30B5BL, B> ?>G5<C MB>B <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> =5 <>65B 1KBL <=>& =0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, => <K 65 =5 E>B8<, GB>1K MB8 ;N48 C18;8 ?0A=KE >1>2 8 2A5E >AB0;L=KE!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 =5 ?>72>;OB A51O ?>9<0BL,  ?@>87=5A >@8A.  -B8 ;N48 =5 2>7L<CB =8 >4=>3> ?@870 70 <KH;5=85. 065 :>@>: A<>65B =0@570BL 2>:@C3 =8E :@C38, O B515 3>2>@N.  C ?0A=KE >1>2 <>738 87 CH59 ;57CB.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 045NAL GB> =5B!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5, =5,  A:070; >@8A, :>B>@K9 AB0@0;AO 3>2>@8BL B>, GB> >B =53> E>BOB CA;KH0BL,  O 8<5N 2 284C, GB> =0H8 :@KAK <>3CB ?5@5E8B@8BL 1>;LH8=AB2> ;N459, ?>=8<05HL? ><=8HL, :0: 2 !:@>B5 !0@48=K 2;57 2 B>B G09=8:, 0 :>340 AB0@CH:0 ?>4=O;0 :@KH:C, 2KAC=C; O7K: 8 DK@:=C;<sup><a class="note" href="#4*">[4*]</a></sup><a name="top4*"></a> =0 =55? %0, 4065 <em>>1K:=>25==K5</em> :@KAK <>3CB ?5@5E8B@8BL G5;>25:0. N48 4C<0NB, GB> >=8 ;CGH5, ?>B><C GB> 1>;LH5 @>A& ?>3>48, O 70BK:0NAL, =0 =0A <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> A<>B@8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C6G8=0 A :>@78=>9 2 @C:0E, 2KH54H89 87 0BE0CA0, >AB0=>28;AO, 8 A 1>;LH8< 8=B5@5A>< CAB028;AO =0 >@8A0. >B>< ?>4=O; 273;O4 =0 <0;LG8:0 8 A?@>A8;:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> = E>@>H89 :@KA>;>2, ?@0240? 5@6C ?0@8, GB> B0: >=> 8 5ABL, B0:>9 1>;LH>9& = B2>9, <0;LG8:?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>!:068 40</em>,  ?@>H5?B0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @>45 B>3>,  >B25B8; <0;LG8:, 8 27O; >@8A0 =0 @C:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> / 40< B515 70 =53> ?OBL 4>;;0@>2,  ?@54;>68; <C6G8=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>@>A8 45AOBL</em>,  ?@>H8?5; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> = =5 ?@>405BAO,  A:070; <0;LG8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>48>B!</em>  ?@><C@;K:0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, B>340 A5<L 4>;;0@>2,  ?@>4>;68; <C6G8=0,  !;CH09, 2>B GB> O A:06C& F5;KE G5BK@5 1CE0=:8 E;510, GB> =0 MB> A:065HL?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 3;C?>ABL. CE0=:0 =5 <>65B AB>8BL 1>;LH5 4204F0B8 ?5=A>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C6G8=0 >40@8; 53> AB@0==K< 273;O4><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K BCB =5402=>, 40? 5=53, =025@=>5, :CG0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >AB0B>G=>,  ?0@8@>20; <0;LG8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<05HL?  ;N1>< A;CG05, B>;:C >B =8E =5 1C45B. >A;CH09, G5BK@5 1CE0=:8 E;510 8 1C;>G:0, MB> 2A5 GB> O <>3C B515 ?@54;>68BL. 0 45AOBL 1CE0=>: O A<>3C :C?8BL B5@L5@0, 0 >=8 A0<8 =5 A2>8 4> :@KA& @0725 =5B? C, :>340 ?@>3>;>405HLAO, BK >B40HL 53> 70 ?>;1CE0=:8 E;510 8 A>A:@51KH<sup><a class="note" href="#5*">[5*]</a></sup><a name="top5*"></a>, 8 1C45HL 4>2>;5= A45;:>9, ?>25@L <=5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">= 70H030; ?@>GL. >@8A 2KA2>1>48;AO 87 @C: <0;LG8:0 8 <O3:> ?@875<;8;AO =0 1C;K6=8: <>AB>2>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B:@>25==> 3>2>@O, 5A;8 1K O 1K; G@52>25I0B5;5<, <K 402=> 1K A:>;>B8;8 A>AB>O=85,  ?@>1C@G0; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> '@52>25I0B5;5<?  ?5@5A?@>A8; <0;LG8:, 3;O4O 2 A?8=C C40;ONI53>AO <C6G8=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> :>340 BK >B:@K205HL 8 70:@K205HL @>B, 0 3>2>@N O. >G5<C BK <5=O =5 ?@>40;? '5@57 45AOBL <8=CB O 1K C65 >?OBL 1K; 745AL! / A;KH0; > G5;>25:5, :>B>@K9 @071>30B5; =0 ?@>4065 ?>GB>2KE 3>;C159, E>BO 3>;C1L C =53> 1K; B>;L:> >48=!</p> <p class="lbparmain">  BK =5 4C<05HL, GB> A 3>@>4><, 2 :>B>@>< ;N48 ?;0BOB 1>;LH5 4>;;0@0 70 1CE0=:C E;510, G<nobr>B>-B></nobr> =5 B0:?  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MB> =8:>340 =5 AC;8B =8G53> E>@>H53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 @5H8B5;L=> ?5@5A5:;0 C;8FC, 8 >AB0=>28;0AL =0?@>B82 ?0@5=L:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K =>28G>:, ?@0240? @8H5; AN40 8A:0BL @01>BC, 40? >4>7@520N, GB> A ?@>H;>9 @01>BK B51O 2K3=0;8. 5@>OB=> ?>B><C, GB> BK CA=C;, 8 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 8A?>@B8;>AL. 0, B0: >=>, =025@=O:0, 8 1K;>. ;8 BK C1560;, ?>B><C GB> B2>9 E>7O8= 18; B51O 1>;LH>9 ?0;:>9, E>BO,  4>1028;0 >=0, :>340 4@C30O 845O ?@8H;0 59 2 3>;>2C,  =025@=>, 70A;C65==>, ?>B><C GB> BK 1K; ;5=BO5<. >A;5 MB>3> BK, =025@=>5, C:@0; :>B0, 7=0O, :0: <=>3> 70 =53> 70?;0BOB 745AL.  BK AE>48HL A C<0 >B 3>;>40, ?>B><C GB> @073>20@8205HL A> A2>8< :>B><, E>BO 2A5 7=0NB, GB> :>BK =5 C<5NB 3>2>@8BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5 <>3CB A:070BL =8 A;>20,  ?>4B25@48; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , A:>@55 2A53>, BK 70304>G=K9 N=>H0, :>B>@K9&  >=0 >AB0=>28;0AL 8 =03@048;0 >@8A0 >7040G5==K< 273;O4><. ">B 2K3=C; A?8=C, 8 A:070; <@@B, GB> =0 :>H0GL5< O7K:5 >7=0G05B :>@@<!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B>B :>B A59G0A <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A:070;?  AB@>3> A?@>A8;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> / 4C<0;, GB> 2A5 7=0NB, GB> :>BK =5 C<5NB 3>2>@8BL,  >B25B8; <0;LG8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , =>, <>65B, BK 1K; CG5=8:>< 2>;H51=8:0,  ?@>4>;68;0 452>G:0.  0, 72CG8B ?@024>?>4>1=>. =0G8B, 2A5 1K;> B0:. "K 1K; CG5=8:>< 2>;H51=8:0, => 70A=C;, 8 <nobr>87-70</nobr> MB>3> 2K:8?5; :>B5;>: 75;5=>9 1C;L:0NI59 304>AB8, 8 >= ?>>15I0; ?@52@0B8BL B51O 2, 2, 2...</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5AG0=:C,  ?>4A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ...2 ?5AG0=:C.  BK C:@0; 53> 2>;H51=>3> :>B0, ?>B><C GB> BK B5@?5BL 53> =5 <>3 8& 0 GB> B0:>5 ?5AG0=:0? -B>B :>B B>;L:> GB> A:070; ?5AG0=:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5 A<>B@8 B0: =0 <5=O!  A:070; <0;LG8:.  / ?@>AB> BCB AB>N!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, 8 B>340 BK ?@8=5A :>B0 AN40, ?>B><C GB> 7=0;, GB> 745AL C60A=K9 3>;>4, 8 BK E>B5; 53> ?@>40BL, 8 MB>B G5;>25: 40; 1K B515 70 =53> 45AOBL 4>;;0@>2, 5A;8 1K BK =0AB>O;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5AOBL 4>;;0@>2 A;8H:>< 1>;LH0O AC<<0 4065 70 E>@>H53> :@KA>;>20.  A:070; <0;LG8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KA>;>20? <C =5 =C65= :@KA>;>2!  A:070;0 @K652>;>A0O 452>G:0.  "CB 2A5 3>;>40NB!  87 MB>3> :>B0 ?>;CG8BAO <8=8<C< 420 >1540.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>? K BCB <em>548B5</em> :>B>2?  A:070; >@8A, 8 53> E2>AB @0A?CH8;AO, :0: I5B:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">52>G:0 =0:;>=8;0AL : >@8AC A C60A=>9 CE<K;:>9, ?>E>659 =0 BC, :>B>@0O ?>O2;O;0AL C 5@A8:>2, :>340 B0 2K83@K20;0 C =53> 2 A?>@5, 8 B:=C;0 53> ?0;LF5< 2 =>A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 30, ?>?0;AO!  =0 B0:>9 ?@>AB>9 C;>2:5! / 4C<0N, 20< >1>8< ;CGH5 ?>9B8 A> <=>9, 20< B0: =5 :065BAO? ;8 O 70:@8GC. N48 <em>?@8A;CH820NBAO</em> :> <=5, :>340 <em>O</em> :@8GC!</p> <p>&#160;</p> <p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 3</strong></p> <blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph">8:>340 =5E>48 2"5<=K9 5A, <>9 4@C3, <br/>3>2>@8; C?5@B @KA>2A:89.  "0< =8G53> E>@>H53></p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">>4 ;0?0<8 >@8A0, =01>;LH>9 3;C18=5, :@KAK ?@>18@0;8AL G5@57 3>@>4A:>5 ?>475<5;L5. #6B0:>2K AB0@K5 3>@>40. =8 AB@>OBAO =5B>;L:> 225@E, =>82=87. >420;K ?@8AB@0820NBAO :4@C38< ?>420;0<. =5:>B>@KE 87=8E C65 =8:B> =5?><=8B :@><5 ACI5AB2, =565;0NI8E ?>?040BLAO =03;070.</p> <p class="lbparmain">3CAB>9, B5?;>9, 2;06=>9 B5<=>B5 <nobr>G59-B></nobr> 3>;>A ?@>87=5A:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, C:>3> A?8G:8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #<5=O, ?0A=K5 >1K. '5BK@5?>@F88.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B;8G=0O @01>B0, N=>H0. 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M& HBCG:C& M&  3;070 8B0B5;L=>9 15H5=> 2@0I0;8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >65B 1KBL MB> 1>;LH0O ) -0-0-<nobr>0-0-0</nobr>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">8B0B5;L=0O ;8H8;0AL GC2AB2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 2KA:>;L7=C; 87?>425A:8 8?><5B8; :0?:0=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5 2?>@O4:5, A:070; >=.  /53> :@5?:> 7060;, B5?5@L =5A@01>B05B. >65B5 >BB0I8BL 53> A4>@>38, @51OB0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>4>H5; :3@C??5 81@>A8; :CA>: 70?;5A=525;>3> AK@0 =04@>60I89 682>B 8B0B5;L=>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ;>2CH5G=>< 45;5 >G5=L 206=> 1KBL B>G=K<. K8;8 B>G=K, 8;8 <5@B2K. AK@ ?>;CG8B 2B>@0O <KHL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 2BO=C; =>A>< 2>74CE.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, <em><nobr>B5?5@L-B></nobr></em> ;N48 A@07C ?>9<CB, GB> 745AL ?>1K20;8 :@KAK.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B@O4 70A<5O;AO =5@2=K<, :C40EB0NI8< A<5E>< =>28G:>2, @04CNI8EAO, GB> <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 4@C3>9 ?@82;5: 2=8<0=85 CG8B5;O, 8MB> ?>:0 =5>=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ @0725@=C; :;>G>: 1C<038. =1K; :@KA>9 459AB28O, 8<KA;L >B><, GB> <8@ <>6=> ?@8:>;>BL :1C<035 A?><>ILN <0;5=L:8E 7=0G:>2, =5<=>3> 53> B@52>68;0. 4=0:> >=?>=8<0; 2AN ?>;57=>ABL MB>3> 87>1@5B5=8O. C<030 <em>?><=8;0</em>, :>340 >=@8A>20; :0@B8=C @0A?>;>65=8O B>==5;59. 5=5A1820;8 AB>;:C =>2K5 70?0E8. @C385 :@KAK <>3;8 2845BL 2A2>59 3>;>25 B>65, GB> 8G5@B82H89, 5A;8 7=0;8 :0: G8B0BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=87>1@5; :0@BK. -B> 1K;> >B>1@065=85 <8@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #4828B5;L=0O 25IL, MB0 =>20O B5E=>;>38O, A:070; >=.  "0:, 420 B>==5;O =0704, BCB >B<5G5= O4. "KA<>B@5;, GB> B0<, @0AA>;5?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0:>?0= 8?><5G5=<sup><a href="#13*" class="note">[13*]</a></sup><a name="top13*"></a>, >B25B8; @0AA>;5, 53> 70<5AB8B5;L.  -B> 1K; A5@K9 O4!2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H0O :@KA0 A:070; 030@.  -B> C60A=0O HBC:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >:@C3 1K;> ?>;=> <5@B2KE <em>:88:8</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C5I51K. @>B82 MB>9 HBC:8 =5BC ?@>B82>O48O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "0:65 =0H;8 ?>44>=K A!1 8!3, ?@>4>;68; @0AA>;5.  G5=L <=>3>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A;8 2K4>AB0B>G=> @07C<=K, 2K<>65B5 2K68BL ?>A;5 O40 !1.  A:070; 030@.  K2A5, 70?><=8B5 MB>. 5A;8 20< =5?>2575B AO4>< !3, C=0A 5ABL <nobr>:>5-GB></nobr>, GB> 20< ?><>65B. /8<5N 2284C, GB> ?>A;5 2A53> 2K1C45B5 68BL, =>45=L 8;8 420 2K1C45B5 60;5BL, GB> =5C<5@;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 45AL <em>:CG8</em> >B@02K, 030@, =5@2=> A:070; @0AA>;5.  >;LH5, G5< O<nobr>:>340-;81></nobr> 2845;. :@KA8=K5 :>AB8 2>:@C3.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ">340 206=>5 70<5G0=85 ?>157>?0A=>AB8, A:070; 030@, =0?@02;OOAL :=>2><C B>==5;N.  55HLB5 <5@B2CN :@KAC, 5A;8 2K=57=05B5 >BG53> >=0 C<5@;0. =0G5 2KB>65 >BMB>3> C<@5B5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?0A=K5 >1K 3>2>@8B, GB> <K2>>1I5 =54>;6=K 5ABL :@KA, A:070; @0AA>;5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, <>65B 1KBL, >B25B8; 030@, =>745AL 2B>==5;OE =C6=> 1KBL ?@0:B8G=K<. 5?@>?040BL65 E>@>H59 545. -9, <nobr>:B>-=81C4L</nobr>, ?@82548B5 2GC2AB2> 8B0B5;L=CN!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>CG8</em> O40, A:070; @0AA>;5, :>340 >B@O4 ?>H5; 40;LH5.  =8 BCB =0A0<>< 45;5 <em>=5=0284OB</em> :@KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ =5>B25B8;. =2845;, GB> :@KAK =0G8=0NB =5@2=8G0BL. 8E?>E>4:5 GC2AB2>20;AO 70?0E AB@0E0. =8 =8:>340 @0=LH5 =52845;8 AB>;L:> O40. 1KG=> 030@ =8>G5< =52>;=>20;AO, 8GC2AB2> B@52>38, =0G02H55 70@>640BLAO 3;C1>:> 253> :>ABOE, 5<C A>2A5< =5?>=@028;>AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;5=L:0O 70?KE02H0OAO :@KA0 AB@5<8B5;L=> ?@>1560;0 ?>B>==5;N 8A>3=C;0AL ?5@54 =8<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >G:8, AM@, "@5B89 272>4 "O65;KE 048;LI8:>2.  2K?0;8;0 >=0.  !M@, <K=0H;8 ;>2CH:C! 5B0:CN, :0: >1KG=>! !25689 =0ABC?8; ?@O<> =0=55! >60;C9AB0, ?>945<B5 A><=>9!</p> <p class="lbparmain">0G5@40:5 =04 :>=NH=59 1K;> ?>;=> A5=0, 0;>H048=>5 B5?;>, ?>4=8<02H55AO A=87C, 45;0;> 53> >G5=L CNB=K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B ;560; =0A?8=5, 704C<G82> @073;O4K20O ?>B>;>:. >@8A @073;O4K20; A2>9 >154, >154 ?>45@3820; =>A><.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@54 ?@K6:>< >@8A ?@>872>48; 2?5G0B;5=85 E>@>H> A<070==>9 <0H8=K 4;O C189AB20. -B> 2?5G0B;5=85 8A?>@B8;>AL 70<83 ?5@54 ?@K6:><. 04 ?>4=O;AO, 2A5 1KAB@55 @0A:0G820OAL 87AB>@>=K 2AB>@>=C, E2>AB E;5AB0; ?>2>74CEC, ?>B>< >@8A ?@K3=C;, 2K?CAB82 :>3B8& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8:!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B0:, <>8 CA;>28O B0:>2K A:070; >@8A 4@>60I5<C 253> :>3BOE :><:C.  "K4>;65= <nobr>GB>-=81C4L</nobr> A:070BL. 'B> C3>4=>. 0?@8<5@, B?CAB8 <5=O, 8;8 4065 ><>38B5!. >NAL, GB> <em>?8A:0</em> 745AL =54>AB0B>G=>. -B> ?@>AB> HC<. @>AB> A:068, 8OB51O >B?CIC. 8:B> =5<>65B <5=O C?@5:=CBL 2MB>< >B=>H5=88.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>8:!</em> ?@>:@8G0;0 <KHL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >AB0B>G=> G5AB=>, A:070; >@8A, 8C18; 55>4=8< 42865=85<. =>BB0I8; 55>1@0B=> 2C3>;, 345 ?>4=O2H89AO 8B5?5@L A84OI89 =0A>;><5 8B ?@8:0=G820; 1CB5@1@>4 A<0@8=>20==>9 3>2O48=>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 =5703>2>@8;0, ?>A?5H=> A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /B51O =5A?@0H820;, >B25B8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /8<5N 2284C, GB> 40; 59H0=A, ?@>4>;68; >@8A.  "K65 <5=O A;KH0;, 25@=>? 92A53> ;8HL =C6=> 1K;> A:070BL, GB> >=0 =5E>G5B, GB>1K 55AJ5;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "515 E>@>H>, O8<5N 2284C, GB> B515 =5?@8E>48BAO @073>20@820BL A1CB5@1@>40<8, ?@>4>;68; >@8A B0:8< B>=><, GB> 1K;> ?>=OB=>, GB> 53> 2A5 5I5 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 15A?>:>8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /1K =57=0;, GB> 8<A:070BL, >B25B8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>GC 70<5B8BL, GB> OA=59 4065 =583@0;.  A:070; >@8A.  48= C40@ AB0@>9 4>1@>9 ;0?>9 8 =0 G5@:=C;0 ;8HL ?@>I09. ?@>G5<, =8G53> >=0 =5G5@:0;0, 254L 2=59 =51K;> <em>=8:0?;8</em> @07C<0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /B515 25@N, A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 =8G53> =5?>GC2AB2>20;0, =0AB0820; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"><nobr>45-B></nobr> =5?>40;5:C ?>A;KH0;8AL :@8:8 83@>E>B 1LNI59AO ?>AC4K. 0?>A;54=85 ?>;G0A0 MB> ?>2B>@O;>AL 4>AB0B>G=> G0AB>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >E>65, GB> @51OB0 2A5 5I5 @01>B0NB, ?@>3>2>@8; >@8A, 70B0A:820O <KHL ?>4 :CGC A>;><K.  8GB> =52K7K205B B0:>3> 4>1@>B=>3> :@8:0, :0: B0=FCNI89 =0AB>;5 !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain">25@L 2:>=NH=N >B:@K;0AL. >H5; G5;>25:, 70?@O3 42CE ;>H0459 82K25; 8E=0@C6C. 5<=>3> ?>3>4O >=8 CA;KH0;8 72C: >BJ5760NI53> M:8?060.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89 A?CABO A=87C @0740;>AL B@8 3@><:8E C40@0. >B>< 5I5 @07. 5I5 @07. 0:>=5F 3>;>A 0;8H8 ?@>87=5A:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -9, 2K42>5, 2KB0< =025@EC 8;8 =5B?</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B 2K?>;7 87A>;><K 83;O=C; 2=87.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, <K745AL, >B25B8; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> KGB>, =5A;KH0;8 B09=K9 ABC:?  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'B> 745AL =025@EC 7025;AO >3@><=K9 6C:?</p> <p class="lbparmain">0<3=>25=85 0;8H0 70<>;G0;0, GB> 1K;> 4;O =55 =5>1KG=>. >B>< A:070;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K?@02K. 025@=>5 O?@>AB> :@8:=C: -B> O, 0;8H0!, 0<em>?>B><</em> ?>ABCGC. "0:8< >1@07>< 2K1C45B5 7=0BL, GB> MB> O, 8A<>65B5 ?>ABCG0BL 2>B25B. >3>2>@8;8AL?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?>G5<C =0< ?@>AB> =5A:070BL: @825B, <KBCB, =025@EC?  =528==> ?@>87=5A 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 274>E=C;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 20A GB>, =5BC <em>=8:0:>3></em> 4@0<0B87<0? >A;CH09B5, <>9 >B5F C5E0; 2 0BE0CA =02AB@5GC A4@C38<8 G;5=0<8 A>25B0. =A:070;, GB> ?>AC40 AB0;0 ?>A;54=59 :0?;59!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >AC40?  ?5@5A?@>A8; >@8A.  "KGB>, @0AA:070;0 5<C ?@> 2AB@5GC A!0@48=0<8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /1K;0 2K=C645=0 A:070BL, GB> 8A?C30;0AL >3@><=>9 :@KAK 8?>?KB0;0AL 701@0BLAO =0H:0D, >B25B8;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "KA>;30;0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@>AB> @0AA:070;0 5<C 8AB>@8N, <O3:> ?0@8@>20;0 0;8H0.  -B> E>@>H0O 8AB>@8O. >;55 ?@024820O, G5< <>65B ?>:070BLAO ?@0240. @KA0, B0=FCNI0O G5GQB:C? ;N1>< A;CG05 >==5>G5=L 5N708=B5@5A>20;AO, ?>B><C GB> A53>4=O >B68B5;59 ?>ABC?8;> >G5=L <em><=>3></em> 60;>1. 0H8 @CG=K5 :@KAK >G5=L @0AAB@0820NB ;N459. /22>AE8I5=88.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 =5<em>=0H8</em> :@KAK, >=8 <em>A2>8</em> :@KAK, 2>7@078; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=8 2A5340 @01>B0NB 1KAB@>.  A3>@4>ABLN ?@>87=5A >@8A.  8:>340 =52>7OBAO, :>340 45;> 4>E>48B 4>& 2>7=8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?@>H;>< <5AOF5 <K1K;8 2>4=>< 3>@>45. "0: B0<>H=89 A>25B ?>720; :@KA>;>20 =0A;54CNI8965 45=L, A:070; 8B.  -B> 1K; 25;8:89 45=L !0@48=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >9 >B5F <=>3> :@8G0;, 8?>A;0; 70;0=:5B>< 8!?8@7><, A:070;0 0;8H0.  =8 :@KA>;>2K! K?>=8<05B5, GB> MB> >7=0G05B, =5B0:;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A 88B ?5@53;O=C;8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0209 ?@54?>;>68<, GB> =5B, >B25B8; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> >7=0G05B, GB> <KA<>65< 2;><8BLAO 28EA0@09 8@073040BL 70304:C 1>B8=>G=KE H=C@:>2!</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 >:8=C;0 >@8A0 :@8B8G5A:8< 273;O4><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>, 1K;>1K& ;CGH5 1C4L <KG5BK@L<O 45BL<8 AA>10:>9<sup><a href="#14*" class="note">[14*]</a></sup><a name="top14*"></a>. -B> E>@>H55 G8A;> 4;O ?@8:;NG5=8O. >?@845BAO >1>9B8AL B5<, GB> C=0A 5ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -9, <K65 ?@>AB> 2>@C5< C2;0AB59!  A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -, :>=5G=>, B>;L:> C?@028B5;LAB2, :>B>@K5 =5O2;ONBAO <nobr>GL8<8-;81></nobr> >BF0<8, 4>1028; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> GB> AB>3>?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0, 1@>A82 =08B0 AB@0==K9 273;O4.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> =57=0G8B, GB> <K?@5ABC?=8:8, >1JOA=8; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , =>5A;8 <K4>1C45< 4>:070B5;LAB20, <KA<>65< ?@54JO28BL 8EA>25BC. ">340 MB> =51C45B ?@5ABC?;5=85<, ?>B><C GB> <KAB0=5< 35@>O<8 4=O, >1JOA=8;0 0;8H0 ACAB0;>9 B5@?5;82>ABLN.  >=5G=>, <>65B A;CG8BLAO B0:, GB> A>25B 8!B@060 2A3>2>@5 A:@KA>;>20<8. K=5<>65< 4>25@OBL <em>=8:><C</em>. KGB>, @51OB0, <em>=8:>340</em> =5G8B0;8 :=83? !:>@> AB5<=55B, O?@84C 7020<8, 8<KA<>65< 2A?>@>BL 1C:;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !<>65<?  ?@>1>@<>B0; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0. !?><>ILN H?8;L:8 4;O 2>;>A. /7=0N, GB> MB> 2>7<>6=>. /AB> @07 G8B0;0 >B0:8E 25I0E.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :0:>3> B8?0 MB> 1C:;>?  A?@>A8; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >;LH>5, >B25B8;0 0;8H0.  >=5G=>, MB> >1;53G05B =0HC 7040GC.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 @57:> ?>25@=C;0AL 82K1560;0 87:>=NH=8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >@8A?  ?>720; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>?  >B>720;AO :>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> MB> 701C:;>, 8:0: BK53> 2A?>@5HL?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=57=0N. >65B 1KBL, 70<>:?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >BKA:070;& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, =>O?@>AB> =54020; 59<>;G0BL =0A;CG09, 5A;8 >=0 24@C3 AB0=5B 03@5AA82=>9. #=55 =52A5 4><0, 5A;8 B51O 8=B5@5AC5B <>5 <=5=85. =0 87MB8E ;N459, 2@>45& 0:B5@>2. A5 2@5<O 83@0NB @>;L. 5682CB 2@50;L=>< <8@5. 0: 1C4B> 2A5 2>:@C3 >4=0 1>;LH0O ?L5A0. ?0A=K5 >1K B>65 B0:>3>65 B8?0. G5=L >?0A=0O ;8G=>ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =>G5=L 4>1@0O 82=8<0B5;L=0O :@KA0!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>0</em>, =>2848HL;8, ?@>1;5<0 2B><, GB> >=4C<05B, GB> 2A5 2>:@C3 B0:8565, :0: >=. >4>1=K5 ;N48 MB> ?;>E0O =>2>ABL. =0H0 ?>4@C6:0, >=0 4C<05B, GB> 687=L CAB@>5=0 :0: 2>;H51=0O A:07:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, MB> =5?@8=5A5B 2@540, =5B0:;8?  A?@>A8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, =>:>340 2A:07:0E <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> C<8@05B& MB> ?@>AB> A;>2>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"@5B89 272>4 "O65;KE 048;LI8:>2 @0A?>;>68;AO =0>B4KE. A5 @02=> C=8E 70:>=G8;8AL 1>5?@8?0AK. !>AB5=K AB5:0;0 AB@C9:0 2>4K, =>=8:B> =5E>B5; ?@>18@0BLAO :=59 <8<> ;>2CH:8. =8:B> =5E>B5; A<>B@5BL =0B>, GB> 2=59 ;560;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 54=K9 AB0@K9 !25689. =1K; E>@>H59 :@KA>9, A:070; >48= 87>B@O40.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4=0:> 5<C A;54>20;> A<>B@5BL, :C40 845B, A:070;0 4@C30O :@KA0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0;, GB> 2A5 C65 7=05B, ?>4E20B8;0 @073>2>@ B@5BLO.  ?@>G5<, >=1K; A;02=>9 :@KA>9, E>BL 8=5<=>3> 2>=NG59.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0209B5 2KB0I8< 53> 87;>2CH:8?  ?@54;>68;0 ?5@20O :@KA0.  C<0N, 1C45B =5?@028;L=> >AB028BL 53> B0<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0. #G8BK20O, GB> <K?@>3>;>40;8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">4=0 87:@KA =0?><=8;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?0A=K5 >1K A:070;, GB> <K=54>;6=K 5ABL 4@C38E :@KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@C30O 2>7@078;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, MB> B>;L:> 5A;8 =57=05HL >BG53> >=8 C<5@;8, ?>B><C GB> >=8 <>3;8 C<5@5BL >BO40.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"@5BLO ?>4E20B8;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K<em>7=05<</em>, >BG53> <em>>=</em> C<5@. 3> @074028;>. 07402;820=85< =5;L7O <em>70@078BLAO</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">A5 ?>A<>B@5;8 =0B>, GB> >AB0;>AL >B!25653>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: 4C<05HL, GB> AB>1>9 A;CG05BAO ?>A;5 A<5@B8?  704C<G82> A?@>A8;0 >4=0 87:@KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "51O AJ540NB. ;8 BK2KAKE05HL, 8;8 ?>:@K205HLAO ?;5A5=LN.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>, <em>2A53></em> B51O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, >1KG=> >AB0NBAO ;0?K& </p> <p class="lbparmain">@KA0, 70402H0O 2>?@>A, ?@>4>;68;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> GB> ?@>8AE>48B AB>9 G0ABLN, GB> 2=CB@8 B51O?</p> <p class="lbparmain">#?><O=C2H0O >;0?0E A:070;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , 3C1G0B0O 75;5=0O ABC45=8AB0O HBC:0? 5B, 55B>65 =5AB>8B 5ABL. 02:CA <em>C60A=0O</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, O8<5N 2284C BCG0ABL 2=CB@8 B51O, :>B>@0O O2;O5BAO <em>B>1>9</em>. C40 <em>>=0</em> CE>48B?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 728=8, OB51O =5?>=8<0N.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C& 7=05HL, MB> :0:& 2>A=5?</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK :82=C;8. =8 7=0;8 ?@> A=K. >340 :@KAK AB0;8 2845BL A=K, MB> AB0;> 4;O =8E <em>1>;LH8<</em> ?>B@OA5=85<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, 2A=0E, :>340 B51O ?@5A;54CNB A>10:8, 8;8 BK;5B05HL, 8;8 5I5 <nobr>GB>-=81C4L</nobr>& <em>:B></em> B>B, A:5< MB> 2A5 ?@>8AE>48B? -B> =5B2>5 B5;>, ?>B><C GB> >=> A?8B. =0G8B, MB> 4>;6=0 1KBL =52848<0O G0ABL B51O, :>B>@0O 6825B 2B515, 25@=>? A<5@BL <nobr>G5<-B></nobr> ?>E>60 =0A>=, 254L 25@=>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, =5A>2A5< ?>E>60, =5C25@5==> ?@>3>2>@8;0 >4=0 87:@KA, 3;O4O =0?;>A:CN HBC:C, @0=LH5 8725AB=CN :0: !25689.  /8<5N 2284C, GB> =5BC :@>28, 887B51O =5B>@G0B @07=K5 HBC:8. ?>B><, BK?@>AK?05HLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0G8B, ?@>4>;68;0 :@KA0, :>B>@0O ?>4=O;0 2>?@>A >=52848<>9 G0AB8, :>340 BK?@>AK?05HLAO, :C40 45205BAO G0ABL B51O 87A=>2? :>340 BKC<8@05HL, :C40 CE>48B MB0 HBC:0, :>B>@0O 2=CB@8 B51O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K8<55HL 2284C 75;5=CN ABC45=8ABCN HBC:C?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B! (BC:C 70B2>8<8 3;070<8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "0:0O <nobr>@>7>20B>-A5@0O</nobr> =0F25B?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, =5MB0! 52848<0O!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B:C40 O7=0N? 8:>340 =52845; MB>9 =52848<>9 HBC:8!</p> <p class="lbparmain">A5 ?>A<>B@5;8 =0!25653>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =5 =5=@02OBAO MB8 @073>2>@K, A:070;0 >4=0 87=8E.  =8 =0?><8=0NB <=5 >B5=OE, :>B>@K5 ?>O2;ONBAO, 5A;8 7065GL A25GC.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@C30O A:070;0:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 2KA;KH0;8 >>ABO=>9 @KA5? >2>@OB, GB> >=0 ?@8E>48B 87018@05B :@KA ?>A;5 A<5@B8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >2>@OB, 3>2>@OB&  ?@>1>@<>B0;0 >4=0 87:@KA.  >2>@OB GB> <8@ A>740;0 >;LH0O >475<=0O @KA0, 2>B GB> 3>2>@OB. KE>48B, GB> >=065 A>740;0 8;N459? 840BL, >=0 =0A >G5=L ;N18B, @07 A>740;0 8;N459 B>65! ?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B:C40 <=5 7=0BL? >65B 1KBL ;N459 A>740; >;LH>9 '5;>25:?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , MB> ?@>AB> 3;C?>, A:070;0 =525@CNI0O :@KA0 ?>8<5=8 "><0B<sup><a href="#15*" class="note">[15*]</a></sup><a name="top15*"></a>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, =>2K4>;6=K ?@87=0BL, GB> 2A5 2>:@C3 =5<>3;> ?@>AB> B0: 27OBL 8?>O28BLAO, =5B0:;8? >;6=065 1KBL <nobr>:0:0O-B></nobr> ?@8G8=0. ?0A=K5 >1K 3>2>@8B, GB> 5ABL 25I8, :>B>@K5 <K4>;6=K 45;0BL, ?>B><C GB> >=8 <em>?@028;L=K5</em>, =>:B> >?@545;O5B, GB> O2;O5BAO ?@028;L=K<? B:C40 ?@8E>4OB ?>=OB8O ?@028;L=> 8=5?@028;L=>? <em>>2>@OB</em>, GB> 5A;8 2K1C45B5 E>@>H59 :@KA>9, <>65B 1KBL, >ABO=0O @KA0 7015@5B 20A 2>1H8@=K5 :;04>2K5 >;LH>9 @KAK, =018BK5 54>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >!25689 2A5 5I5 745AL. O=52845; :>AB;O2>9 :@KAK!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, =>3>2>@OB, GB> 55<>6=> C2845BL B>;L:> 5A;8 >=0 ?@8E>48B 70<em>B>1>9</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ? 0?  A:070;0 4@C30O :@KA0 A=5@2=K< A0@:07<><.  :0:65 <em>>=8</em> 55C3;O45;8, 0? !:068 <=5! 87=L 8B0: 4>AB0B>G=> A;>6=0, GB>1K 5I5 2>;=>20BLAO >25I0E, :>B>@K5 =5;L7O C2845BL!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em><nobr>"0:-B0:</nobr>, GB> BCB C20A A;CG8;>AL?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK ?>25@=C;8AL =03>;>A. 5>6840==> 2A5 ?>=O;8, GB> @04K 2845BL 030@0, A?5H0I53> ?>B>==5;N.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?@>B8A=C;AO <8<>. =27O; AA>1>9 8B0B5;L=CN. =AG8B0;, GB> G;5=C >B@O40 =8:>340 =5?>74=> C7=0BL, GB> ?@>8AE>48B AB5<8, :B> =54>?>=O; ?@028;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=OB=>, A:070; 030@, 3;O=C2 2;>2CH:C. =?5G0;L=> ?>:0G0; 3>;>2>9.  'B> O20< 2A5< 3>2>@8;?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5?>;L7>20BLAO B>==5;O<8, :>B>@K5 =5?><5G5=K :0: G8ABK5, AM@, >B25B8; "><0B.  >!25689& =C, >==5& >==8:>340 <em>=5AB@5<8;AO</em> 2=8<0B5;L=> A;CH0BL. AG8B0;, GB> B0: 8=04>, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ >A<>B@5; ;>2CH:C, AB0@0OAL A>E@0=OBL =0;8F5 2K@065=85 C25@5==>9 @5H8B5;L=>AB8. 4=0:> MB> 1K;> =5?@>AB>. ==8:>340 @0=LH5 B0:8E =52845;. =0 2K3;O45;0 459AB28B5;L=> C60A=>, 1>;LH5 ?@5AA, G5< @570:. 5?>AB028;8 2<5AB>, 345 @0=> 8;8 ?>74=> A?5H0I85 :2>45 :@KAK 4>;6=K 1K;8 557045BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "5?5@L C65<C B>G=> =5?@845BAO =8:>3> A;CH0BL, ?@>1>@<>B0; >=.  8F> :065BAO <=5 7=0:><K<. >=5G=>, =5AG8B0O 2K?CG5==KE 3;07 82K20;82H53>AO O7K:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -, 2K@073>20@820;8 A>!2568< 2>2@5<O CB@5==53> ?>AB@>5=8O, AM@. KA:070;8 5<C, GB> >=?@8@>645==K9 3048;LI8: 85<C ?@845BAO AMB8< A<8@8BLAO, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">K@065=85 ;8F0 030@0 =587<5=8;>AL. =A:070;:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0< =04> 84B8. K=0H;8 2>:@5AB=>ABOE <=>3> ;>2CH5:. K25@=5<AO 7020<8. 8:B> 8720A =5428=5BAO MB8< B>==5;5< 40;LH5, ?>=OB=>? A5 A:070;8: 0, 030@!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 030@, E>@>< >B25B8;8 :@KAK.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >AB02LB5 <nobr>:>3>-=81C4L</nobr> 2?8:5B. "0< 40;LH5 <>3CB 1KBL 5I5 ;>2CH:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> GB> =0< 45;0BL A>!2568<?  A?@>A8; "><0B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 55HLB5 75;5=CN ABC45=8ABCN HBC:C, >B25B8; 030@, 870A?5H8; ?@>GL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >2CH:8!  4C<0; >=. EBCB A;8H:>< <=>3>. G5@5AGC@ <=>3> O40. 065 >?KB=K5 G;5=K >B@O40 =0G8=0NB =5@2=8G0BL. <C =5=@028;8AL =58725AB=K5 25I8. K?>=8<05B5, GB> ?@54AB02;O5B 87A51O B0:0O 25IL, B>;L:> :>340 >=0 C18205B 20A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK @071560;8AL ?>B>==5;O< ?>4 3>@>4><, =>MB>B 3>@>4 =51K; ?>E>6 =04@C385 3>@>40. -B> 1K;0 >3@><=0O :@KA8=0O ;>2CH:0. =8 =5=0H;8 =8>4=>9 682>9 <em>:88:8</em>. 8>4=>9. -B> =5=>@<0;L=>. @KAK 5ABL 25745. @C3><, 345 682CB ;N48, 5ABL 8:@KAK.</p> <p class="lbparmain">, :@><5 B>3>, <>;>4K5 :@KAK A;8H:>< <=>3> 2@5<5=8 4C<0;8 >& 25I0E. 25I0E, :>B>@K5 =5;L7O C2845BL 8;8 ?>GCOBL. @87@0G=KE 25I0E. 030@ ?>:0G0; 3>;>2>9. MB8E B>==5;OE B0:><C <KH;5=8N =5B <5AB0. 87=L ?@0:B8G=0, 687=L @50;L=0, 855<>6=> ?>B5@OBL <em>>G5=L 1KAB@></em>, 5A;8 1KBL =52=8<0B5;L=K<& </p> <p class="lbparmain">>:0 >=8 1560;8 24>;L B@C1K, >=70<5B8;, GB> 8B0B5;L=0O >A<0B@8205BAO 2>:@C3 8=NE05B 2>74CE.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> ?@028;L=>, >4>1@8B5;L=> A:070; >=.  5;L7O 1KBL G5@5AGC@ >AB>@>6=K<. 8:>340 =5A?5H8. 065 :@KA5 ?5@54 B>1>9 <>65B ?>257B8, 8>=0 =5=0ABC?8B =0A?CA:>2>9 <5E0=87<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4=0:>, G5@5AGC@ =515A?>:>9AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =2K3;O45; C60A=>& ?;>A:8<, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C@0:8 A?5H0B, 8B0B5;L=0O. C@0:8 A?5H0B& </p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ GC2AB2>20;, :0: @0A?@>AB@0=O5BAO C60A. -B> 53> 2>;=>20;>. A;8 7<5=82H85AO ?0=8:>20;8, >=8 ?0=8:>20;8 :0: :@KAK. B>==5;8 ?>4 MB8< 3>@>4>< =5<5AB> 4;O 701530 ?0=8:CNI8E :@KA. A;8 >4=0 :@KA0 =0@CH8B ?>@O4:8 8?>1568B, 1>;LH8=AB2> ?>A;54C5B 70=59. B>==5;OE 2;0ABL ?@8=04;568B 70?0EC. >340 45;0 84CB E>@>H>, 2A5 A51O GC2AB2CNB E>@>H>. >AB>8B ?>O28BLAO AB@0EC, 8>==0G8=05B 70;820BL BC==5;8, :0: ?>B>?<sup><a href="#16*" class="note">[16*]</a></sup><a name="top16*"></a>. :@KA8=>< <8@5 ?0=8:0 1>;57=L, :>B>@>9 >G5=L ;53:> 70@078BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>340 >=8 2AB@5B8;8AL A;>2CH5G=K< >B@O4><, 45;0 =8A:>;L:> =5AB0;8 ;CGH5. 0MB>B @07 =0H;8 =>2CN >B@02C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 52>;=C9B5AL, A:070; 030@, E>BO A0< 1K; >15A?>:>5=.  K65 @0=LH5 =0E>48;8 =>2K5 O4K, =5B0:;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5=0E>48;8 C65 <em>3>40<8</em>, 2>7@078;0 :@KA0.  ><=8B5, 2!:@>B5? !1;5ABOI8<8 A8=8<8 :@8AB0;;8:0<8? 65BAO, 5A;8 =0=55 =0ABC?8BL? 51OB0 =57=0;8, 82;O?0;8AL 2=55?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #=8E BCB 5ABL MB0 >B@020?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> CGH5 3;O=LB5 A0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>4=>< 87B>==5;59 =01>:C ;560;0 :@KA0. 5;0?K 1K;8 ?;>B=> A60BK, :0: :C;0:8. =0 ?>A:C;820;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 1@>A8; >48= 273;O4, 8?>=O;, GB> 4;O MB>9 :@KAK 2A5 :>=G5=>. -B> B>;L:> 45;> 2@5<5=8. 4;O :@KA 2!:@>B5 MB> 2@5<O 1K;> <em>C60A=K<</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /<>3C C:CA8BL 552>A=>20=85 H58, 2K720;0AL >4=0 87:@KA.  A5 70:>=G8BAO >G5=L 1KAB@>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8;>A5@4=>5 ?@54;>65=85, =>MB>B O4?@>=8: 2:@>2L, 2>7@078; 030@.  0948B5 =5A@01>B02H89 :0?:0=. ">;L:> >AB>@>6=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>0AC=CBL</em> :@KAC 2<em>:0?:0=</em>, AM@?  C60A=C;0AL 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0! CGH5 C<5@5BL 1KAB@>, G5< <54;5==>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A;8 4065 B0:&  =0G0;0 2>7@060BL :@KA0, :>B>@0O ?@54;>68;0 C:CA8BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">(5@ABL 2>:@C3 <>@4K 030@0 >I5B8=8;0AL. =?>4=O;AO =0704=85 ;0?K 8>A:0;8; 7C1K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5;09, GB> B515 25;5=>, 8;8 OB51O C:CHC!  ?@>@KG0; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KA0 ?>40;0AL =0704.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, 030@, E>@>H>& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?@54C?@548B5 4@C385 >B@O4K!  ?@>@525; 030@.  -B> =5;>2;O :@KA, MB> <em>2>9=0</em>! A5< >AB>@>6=> >BABC?8BL! 8:><C <em>=8G53></em> =5B@>30BL! K& <em>'B></em>? 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"0:65 BCB AB>O;> =5A:>;L:> G0H5: 87020@=8:. >A:0<L5 @0AAK?0;AO 15;K9, 75;5=K9 8A5@K9 ?>@>H>:. 5<=>3> 4065 ?@>AK?0;>AL =0?>;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K<>65HL ?>?KB0BLAO E>BL =5<=>3> ?><>GL, 70<5B8;0 0;8H0, ?@>ABC:820O AB5=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=57=0N, :0: 8A:0BL B>, GB> =52K3;O48B :0: B>, GB> O8IC, >B25B8; 8B.  =8 E@0=OB O42<5AB5 AA0E0@><! 45AL B0: <em><=>3></em> O40& </p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 >BABC?8;0 8C1@0;0 2>;>AK A3;07.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8G53> =5?>;CG05BAO, A:070;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, BCB <>65B 8=5<em>1KBL</em> ?>B09=>3> E>40?  A:070; :>B.  /7=0N, GB> MB> 45@7:0O <KA;L, =>, <>65B, MB> ?@>AB> >1KG=K9 A0@09?</p> <p class="lbparmain">B273;O40 0;8H8 >BH0B=C;AO 4065 >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB <em>4>;65=</em> 1KBL ?>B09=>9 E>4, A:070;0 >=0.  =0G5 2MB>< =5BC =8:0:>3> A<KA;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 I5;:=C;0 ?0;LF0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C:>=5G=>! K2A5 45;05< =5?@028;L=>! <em>A5</em> 7=0NB, GB> =52>7<>6=> =09B8 ?>B09=>9 E>4, 5A;8 BK53> <em>8I5HL</em>! 2>B :>340 BK2K18205HLAO 87A8; 8>?8@05HLAO >AB5=C, BKA;CG09=> 2:;NG05HL ?>B09=>9 @KG03!</p> <p class="lbparmain">?>8A:0E ?>4<>38 >@8A 273;O=C; =08B0. 54L >=65 G5;>25:, 2:>=F5 :>=F>2. =4>;65= 7=0BL, GB> 45;0BL AB0:8<8, :0: 0;8H0. >8B ?@>AB> A;>=O;AO ?>A0@0N 82A5 @073;O4K20;.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!=525@>OB=>9 =51@56=>ABLN 0;8H0 >?5@;0AL >AB5=C. 5@0740;AO I5;G>:. #G0AB>: ?>;0 =5>BJ5E0; =0704.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 025@=>5, <5AB> =5?@028;L=>5, A:070;0 >=0.  /?@>AB> =528==> ?>;>6C @C:C =0MB>B :@N: 4;O >4564K.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B09=0O 425@L 2AB5=5 ?>;=>ABLN >?>7>@8;0AL A2=570?=K< ?>O2;5=85<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>, =0<1K A8;L=> ?><>3;>, 5A;81K 745AL 1K; C7>@=K9 :0=45;O1@, A:070;0 0;8H0.  =8 2A5340 1K;8 =0456=K<8 ?5@5:;NG0B5;O<8, >B:@K20NI8<8 B09=K5 ?@>E>4K. -B> 7=05B :064K9 ;N18B5;L ?@8:;NG5=89.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB =5BC :0=45;O1@0, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /286C. 5:>B>@K5 =8:0: =5<>3CB C;>28BL <em>845N</em> ?@028;L=>3> >1CAB@>9AB20 ?>B09=KE E>4>2, ?>60;>20;0AL 0;8H0. =0 >?5@;0AL >4@C3>9 CG0AB>: AB5=K, =>MB> >?OBL =5?@825;> =8::0:><C @57C;LB0BC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 54C<0N, GB> BKB0: <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> =0945HL, A:070; 8B, >AB>@>6=> 87CG0O ;>2CH:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ? 5C65;8?  A:070;0 0;8H0.  /, ?>:@09=59 <5@5, AB0@0NAL >B=>A8BAO :MB><C <em>B2>@G5A:8</em>! BK1K 345 8A:0;, @07 BKB0:>9 C<=K9?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B:C40 2A0@05 :@KA>;>2>2 :@KA8=0O =>@0?  A?@>A8; 8B.  "CB ?0E=5B <5@B2K<8 :@KA0<8, <>:@>9 ?A8=>9 8O4><. A;81K O1K; :@KA>9, O1K =0:8;><5B@ =5?>4>H5; :B0:><C <5ABC.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 CAB028;0AL =0=53>. >B>< 55;8F> >1@5;> 2K@065=85 A8;L=>9 A>A@54>B>G5==>AB8, :0: 1C4B> >=0 ?@>4C<K20;0 23>;>25 =5A:>;L:> 8459.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 00, A:070;0 >=0.  @0AA:070E B0: 1K205B. ;C?K5 ;N48 2KABC?0NB A@07C<=K<8 <KA;O<8, :>B>@K5 ?@8E>4OB 8<23>;>2C A;CG09=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 ?@8A5;0 8703;O=C;0 2=>@C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 2@>45 <0;5=L:>3> @KG030, A:070;0 >=0.  /?@>AB> =0=53> =5<=>3> =06<C& </p> <p class="lbparmain"><em>)5;:</em> @0740;>AL ?>4 ?>;><. '0ABL 53> AJ5E0;0 88B :0: A:2>7L 75<;N ?@>20;8;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , 40, A:070;0 0;8H0.  /?>4>7@520;0, GB> ?@>87>945B <nobr>GB>-=81C4L</nobr> 2@>45 MB>3>& </p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p> <p class="lbparmain">8AB5@ ;8:8, ?>4?@K3820O, =5AAO 24>;L BC==5;O, 874020O 6C660I89 72C:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAOB0 876520;8 53> CH8, E2>AB 1K; >B@C1;5= ;>2CH:>9, 4@C385 ;>2CH:8 >AB028;8 >B<5B8=K =053> B5;5, =>C=53> 1K;> ?@58<CI5AB2>. >2CH:8 =5<>3;8 C18BL <8AB5@0 ;8:8, ?>B><C GB> >==51K; 682K<. 682K< >==51K; ?>B><C, GB> ?@82>48;AO 242865=85 G0A>2K< <5E0=87<><.</p> <p class="lbparmain">3> 702>4=>9 :;NG 2@0I0;AO. 0A?8=5 3>@5; >30@>: A25G8. AB0;L=K5 ?@54AB028B5;8 ?5@2>3> ;>2CH5G=>3> >B@O40 =01;N40;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B B5?5@L 2;N1>9 <><5=B&  A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0740;AO I5;G>: 872C:, :>B>@K9 ;CGH5 2A53> <>6=> >?8A0BL :0: <em>**</em>! !25B ?>30A. 7B>==5;O <54;5==> 2K:0B8;>AL 7C1G0B>5 :>;5A> 8, ?>B5@O2 10;0=A, C?0;> ?5@54 :>@>:><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /<em>2845;</em>, GB> 75<;O 2K3;O45;0 =5<=>3> ?>B@52>65==>9 =0B>< <5AB5, C4>2;5B2>@5==> A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>25@=C;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, @51OB0! @8B0I8B5 4@C3>3> <8AB5@0 ;8:8, 8OE>GC, GB>1K 4N68=0 :@KA 27O;8 25@52:C, 2K:>?0;8 MBC ;>2CH:C 8CB0I8;8 55A4>@>38!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5 MB8 ?@>25@:8 =0A 70<54;ONB, 030@, A:070; :>@>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, AM@, A:070; 030@, >B@O4 B>@>?;82> ?@><G0;AO <8<> =8E.  <em>K</em> 848B5 2?5@54. -B> >B;8G=0O 845O, ?>B><C GB> C=0A >AB0;AO B>;L:> >48= <8AB5@ ;8:8. 045NAL, 2MB>< 3>@>45 5ABL 7>><03078=<sup><a href="#18*" class="note">[18*]</a></sup><a name="top18*"></a>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@>AB> 4C<0N, GB> =0< =04>1K 42830BLAO 1KAB@55, A:070; :>@>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, ABC?09B5, AM@. >?KB09B5AL :@8:=CBL =0<, 345 1C45B A;54CNI0O ;>2CH:0, ?@5645 G5< >=0 20A ?>9<05B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>/</em> BCB 3;02=K9, 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@, 8728=8B5. K2A5 =5<=>3> CAB0;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> =54>1@>5 <5AB>, 030@, CAB0;> A:070; :>@>:.  /1K; 2=5:>B>@KE <em>@?@?B;</em> 4K@0E, B0: 2>B, MB> <5AB> EC65 ;N1>9 87=8E.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "0: 85ABL, AM@. -B> <5AB> <em><5@B2></em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: B0< MB> A;>2>, :>B>@>5 ?@84C<0; ?0A=K5 >1K?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ;>5, A:070; 030@, =01;N40O :0: >B@O4 2KB0A:8205B :0?:0= 87B>==5;O. 564C G5;NABO<8 :0?:0=0 <>6=> 1K;> 70<5B8BL ?>:>@565==K5 ?@C68=K 8:>;5A8:8.  B>2@5<O O=54>:>=F0 ?>=8<0;, GB> >=8<55B 2284C, 4>1028; >=.  >B5?5@L, 4C<0N, O?>=O;.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=273;O=C; =0704 24>;L B>==5;O, BC40, 345 3>@5;> ?;0<O A25G8, 8AE20B8; ?@>15302HCN <8<> :@KAC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5@A8:8 8?0A=K5 >1K 4>;6=K =0E>48BAO A7048, BK?>=O;? =8 <em>=5</em> 4>;6=K ?>4E>48BL 1;865.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=O;, AM@!  A:070;0 :@KA0 8C<G0;0AL ?@>GL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-:A?548F8O >AB>@>6=> ?@>42830;0AL 2?5@54. A:>@5 >=8 2KH;8 21>;LHCN AB0@CN :0=0;870F8N. >554=C B5:;0 AB@C9:0 2>4K. >4 ?>B>;:>< ?@>E>48;84@52=85 B@C1K. "0< 8745AL 87=8E 2K1820;8AL AB@C9:8 ?0@0. 5<=>3> 40;LH5 A;01K9 75;5=K9 A25B A>G8;AO G5@57 2KE>4OICN =0C;8FC @5H5B:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> <5AB> ?0E;> :@KA0<8. @8G5< :@KA8=K9 70?0E 1K; <em>A2568<</em>. ?>4=>A5 A54>9, CAB0=>2;5==>< =0>AK?0NI5<AO :8@?8G5 ;5=82> :>?0;0AL :@KA0. =0 273;O=C;0 =07<5=82H8EAO 8C1560;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0=59!  702>?8; :>@>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B!  70:@8G0; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5A:>;L:> :@KA, =0G02H8E 1K;> ?>3>=N 70<em>:88:8</em>, 70<5@;8 2=5@5H8B5;L=>AB8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 1K; <>9 <em>?@8:07</em>!  ?@>@525; :>@>:, ?>2>@0G820OAL :030@C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!?5F80;8AB ?>;>2CH:0< :@0B:> ?>:;>=8;AO 8A:070;:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>. ">;L:> O4C<0N, GB> <=5=85 :>@>:0, <em>>1;040NI53> 2A5<8 D0:B0<8</em>, 1C45B =5<=>3> >B;8G0BLAO >B<=5=8O :>@>:0, :>B>@K9 ?@>AB> :@8:=C;, ?>B><C GB> C2845; C1530NICN :@KAC, <? >=NE09B5 2>74CE!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>A :>@>:0 ?>H525;8;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B@020?</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ :82=C;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !5@0O, =><5@ 2, A:070; >=.  #60A=0O HBC:0. CGH5 45@60BLAO >B=55 ?>40;LH5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">:>@>: ?>A<>B@5; 2>15 AB>@>=K 24>;L :>@84>@0. =1K; 4;8==K9, 2KA>B0 1K;0 :0: @07 4>AB0B>G=0O, GB>1K ?>=5<C <>3 ?@>?>;7B8 G5;>25:. >4 ?>B>;:>< 28A5;> <=>65AB2> <0;5=L:8E B@C1.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB <em>B5?;></em>, A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@. 5@A8:8 ?>G8B0;0 ?CB52>48B5;L. "CB <nobr>87-?>4</nobr> 75<;8 ?>4=8<0NBAO B5?;K5 :;NG8, 82>4C :0G0NB 2=5:>B>@K5 4><0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0G5<?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>1K :C?0BLAO, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %@@<?.  -B0 845O =5?>=@028;0AL :>@>:C, E>BO <=>65AB2> <>;>4KE :@KA ;N18;8 ?@8=8<0BL 20==C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?>25@=C;AO :>B@O4C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :>@>: E>G5B, GB>1K 2K70:>?0;8 MB>B O4, ?><>G8;8AL =0=53>, 8?>AB028;8 25H:C, ?@O<> <em>A59G0A</em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain">:>@>: CA;KH0; <5B0;;8G5A:89 72C:. >25@=C2H8AL, >=C2845;, :0: 030@ 2KB0I8; 87A2>8E 8=AB@C<5=B>2 4;8==K9 B>=:89 :CA>G5: <5B0;;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> MB> 70<em>:@A:@A:</em>?  A?@>A8; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ A>A28AB>< @0AA5:0; 2>74CE =0?@02> 8=0;52>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?>?@>A8;, GB>1K <0;LG8: A3;C?K< ;8F>< A45;0; 554;O <5=O, A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B>340 :>@>: ?>=O;, GB> MB> B0:>5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B>65 <em>H?030</em>, A:070; >=.  "K27O; 845N 87<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "0: 85ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=8:>340 =525@8; MB><C E;0<C, ?@>2>@G0; :>@>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 3>;:0 5ABL 83>;:0, =52>7<CB8<> A:070; 030@.  /4C<0N, GB> <K=540;5:> >B4@C38E :@KA.  K;>1K =5?;>E>, 5A;81K 1>;LH8=AB2> 87=0A >AB0;>AL 745AL& AM@. :>@>: GC2AB2>20;, GB> B>B >?OBL =0G8=05B :><0=4>20BL, =>030@ 1K; B0:8< <em>256;82K<</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@54;030N, GB>1K ?0@C :@KA ?@>H;8 2?5@54 82A5 @07=NE0;8, ?@>4>;68; >=.  !0@48=K 1C45B ?>;57=K<, 8O, :>=5G=>65, ?>94C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> O, A:070; :>@>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=CAB028;AO =0030@0, :>B>@K9 >B25B8;: >=5G=>& </p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 7</strong></p> <blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph"><nobr>7-70</nobr> B>3>, GB> !:;87:89 <59 ?@>:07=8G0;<br/>A4>@>6=K<8 C:070B5;O<8, <8AB5@<br/>09:8= =5?>=O;, GB> A18;AO A?CB8.<br/>==5H5; =0G09 :>@=>AB0N >20@4C.<br/>==0?@02;O;AO ?@O<8:>< 2"5<=K9 5A.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 ?>A<>B@5;0 =0>B:@KBK9 ;N: B0:, :0: 1C4B> >F5=820;0 53> ?>45AOB810;;L=>9 H:0;5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5?;>E> A?@OB0=, 70<5B8;0 >=0.  5C4828B5;L=>, GB> <K53> =570<5B8;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=5A8;L=> C40@8;AO, :@8:=C; 8B 87B5<=>BK ;N:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, A:070;0 0;8H0, ?@>4>;60O >A<0B@820BL ;N:.  "0< 3;C1>:>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB <nobr>:0:>9-B></nobr> ?>420;. /2?>@O4:5, ?>B><C GB> ?@875<;8;AO =0<nobr>:0:85-B></nobr> <5H:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, E>@>H>, =51C45< <em>1>;LH5</em> >1MB>< 3>2>@8BL. 57 =51>;LH8E >?0A=>AB59 =5B =0AB>OI53> ?@8:;NG5=8O, A:070;0 452>G:0.  "CB ;5AB=8F0. >G5<C BK5N=52>A?>;L7>20;AO?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=5A<>3 ?>?@8G8=5 ?045=8O <8<>, >B>720;AO 3>;>A 8B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >65B, <=5 A=5AB8 B51O 2=87?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0 >@8A0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >65B, <=5 2KF0@0?0BL B515 3;070?  2B>= 59>B25B8; :>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 =0<>@I8;0 ;>1. =0 2A5340 A5@48;0AL, 5A;8 <nobr>G53>-B></nobr> =5?>=8<0;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> GB>, 1K; A0@:07<?  A?@>A8;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 1K; =0<5:, >B25B8; >@8A.  /=540NAL =0@CG:8 =57=0:><F0<. !?CA:09AO 2=87. /?>A;54CN 70B>1>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B2>8 =>38 =5?>4E>4OB 4;O ;5AB=8F!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /GB>, 45;0; <nobr>:0:85-=81C4L</nobr> 70<5G0=8O ><em>B2>8E</em> =>30E?</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 A?CAB8;0AL 2>BL<C. 0740;AO <5B0;;8G5A:89 72C:, 70B5< 2A?KE=C;0 A?8G:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB ?>;=> <5H:>2!  A:070;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /7=0N, A:070; 3>;>A 8B0.  /=0=8E ?@875<;8;AO. /C65 3>2>@8;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 75@=>! & BCB A2O7:8 8A2O7:8 :>;10A! >?G5=>5 <OA>! >@78=K >2>I59! "CB ?>;=> 54K! 000! #18@09AO 87<>8E 2>;>A! <em>!;5709</em>! -B>B <em>:>B</em> ?@K3=C; <=5 =03>;>2C!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A A?@K3=C; A=55 =0<nobr>:0:85-B></nobr> <5H:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %0!  A:070;0 0;8H0, ?>B8@0O 3>;>2C.  "0: 7=0G8B =0< <em>A:070;8</em>, GB> 2A5 A>6@0;8 :@KAK. <nobr>"5?5@L-B></nobr> <=5 2A5 OA=>. @KA>;>2K H0AB0NB ?>2AN4C, 7=0NB 2AN :0=0;870F8N, 2A5 ?>420;K& ?>4C<0BL B>;L:>, <K?;0B8;8 MB8< 2>@0< 87=0H8E <em>=0;>3>2</em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A >A<>B@5; ?>420;, >A25I5==K9 <5@F0NI8< D>=0@5< 20;8H8=KE @C:0E. "CB 459AB28B5;L=> 1K;> ?>;=> 54K. !28A0NI85 A?>B>;:0 A5B:8 459AB28B5;L=> 1K;8 =018BK 1>;LH8<8, 15;K<8, BO65;K<8 :>G0=0<8 :0?CABK. KH5C?><O=CBK5 :>;10AK 459AB28B5;L=> A28A0;8 A?>B>;>G=KE 10;>:. "CB 459AB28B5;L=> AB>O;8 :C2H8=K, 1>G:8, <5H:8 8<5H:8. MB> 459AB28B5;L=> 53> B@52>68;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B >=> :0:, A:070;0 0;8H0.  B;8G=K9 B09=8:! K?>945< ?@O<8:>< 2!B@06C, @0AA:065<, GB> <K=0H;8, 8?>B>< =0< 2A5< 404CB ?>1>;LH>9 G0H:5 G0O A>A;82:0<8, 84065, 2>7<>6=>, <540;L, 8& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5=@028BAO <=5 MB>, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >G5<C?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B><C GB> O=54>25@G82K9! /1K =5?>25@8; 20H8< :@KA>;>20<, 4065 5A;81K >=8 A:070;8 <=5, GB> =51> 3>;C1>5. 'B> >=8 A45;0;8? !B81@8;8 54C 8A:070;8: -B> 2A5 :@KAK, G5AB=>5 A;>2>? 2A5 8<<em>?>25@8;8</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, 3;C?K9. N48 =0E>48;8 ?>3@K75==K5 :>AB8, ?CABCN A:>@;C?C >BO8F 82A5 B0:>5, A:070;0 0;8H0.  :@KA8=K9 ?><5B 2>:@C3!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>, <>6=> A>A:>1;8BL :>AB8, 8, 4C<0N, :@KA>;>2K <>3CB =0:>?0BL <=>3> :@KA8=>3> ?><5B0, ?@54?>;>68; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=8 C=8GB>68;8 2A5E =0AB>OI8E :@KA, GB>1K 8<1>;LH5 4>AB0;>AL, B>@65AB2CNI5 A:070;0 0;8H0.  G5=L C<=>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 2>B MB> <5=O 8A18205B AB>;:C, A:070; >@8A, ?>B><C GB> <K2845;8 20H8E :@KA>;>2>2, 8, G5AB=> 3>2>@O, 4065 5A;8 1C45B 84B8 4>64L 87D@8:045;5:, >=8 =5A<>3CB =09B8 A515 28;:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /BCB ?>4C<0; <nobr>:>5-></nobr> G5<, A:070; 8B, :>B>@K9 2A5 MB> 2@5<O <KG0; <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A515 ?>4 =>A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>6, O@040, GB> E>BL <em><nobr>:B>-=81C4L</nobr></em> MB8< 70=8<05BAO, >B>720;0AL 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /4C<0; >?@>2>;>G=>9 A5B:5, ?@>4>;68; 8B.  "0< 2A0@05 ?@>2>;>G=0O A5B:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> GB>, <em>206=></em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0G5< :@KA>;>20< @C;>=K ?@>2>;>G=>9 A5B:8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B:C40 <=5 7=0BL? >65B, GB>1K 45;0BL :;5B:8. 0:>5 MB> 8<55B 7=0G5=85?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0G5< :@KA>;>20< A060BL :@KA 2:;5B:8? 54L <5@B2K5 :@KAK =8:C40 =5C153CB, 25@=>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">B25B>< 1K;0 B8H8=0. >@8A 2845;, GB> 0;8H0 =522>AB>@35 >B70<5G0=8O. -B> 1K;> ;8H=55 CA;>6=5=85, :>B>@>5 B>;L:> ?>@B8;> 8AB>@8N.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /<>65B 83;C?> 2K3;O6C, 4>1028; 8B, =>O=53;C?K9. #<5=O 5ABL 2@5<O ?>4C<0BL >25I0E, ?>B><C GB> O=51>;B0N <em>2A5 2@5<O</em>. /=01;N40N. !;CH0N. KB0NAL ?>=OBL. /& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> /<em>=51>;B0N</em> 2A5 2@5<O!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A >AB028; 8E?@5?8@0BLAO 8?@>:@0;AO 2C3>; ?>420;0. ;8 ?>420;>2. >E>65, GB> >=8 BO=C;8AL 40;5:>. =C2845;, :0: <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> <5B=C;>AL 2B5=8 8G8AB> 8=AB8=:B82=> ?@K3=C;.3> 65;C4>: 2A?><=8;, GB> A>2@5<5=8 ?>A;54=59 <KH8 ?@>H;> C65 <=>3> 2@5<5=8, 8?>4A>548=8;AO =0?@O<CN :=>30<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, A:070; >=872820NI59AO 2;0?0E 4>1KG5, 3>2>@8, 8;8& </p> <p class="lbparmain">0;5=L:0O B@>ABL >G5=L 1>;L=> C40@8;0 53>, =>=>AC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "KGB>, =52848HL?  A:070; !0@48=K, ?KB0OAL 2AB0BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C70G5165 BK40:!  ?@>1>@<>B0; >@8A, AB0@0OAL ;87=CBL A04=OI89 =>A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0<=5 <em>@:@:;:</em> (/!  >B@570; !0@48=K.  "K2>>1I5 A<>B@5; 8;8 :0:?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C3>@>H>, 3>@>H>, 872848& BK70G5< ?@8H5;?</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K >B@OE=C;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /8A:0; B51O 8;8 <0;LG8:0 A3;C?K< ;8F><, A:070; >=.  5=O ?>A;0; :>@>:! #=0A =5?@8OB=>AB8! "K?@>AB> =5?>25@8HL, GB> <K=0H;8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =?>A;0; 70<em><=>9</em>?  A?@>A8; >@8A.  /4C<0;, GB> >=<5=O B5@?5BL =5<>65B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, >=A:070;, B0: :0: MB> 304:> 87;>, B515 1C45B 284=55, GB> 45;0BL, 1>AA, A:070; !0@48=K, A=8<0O H;O?C.  "KB>;L:> ?>A<>B@8 =0MB>. "2>9 :>3>BL ?@>4K@O28; 55=0A:2>7L!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >O65 <em>A?@>A8;</em>, <>65HL;8 BK3>2>@8BL, ?@0240?  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"0< =0AB>OI55 7;>. 04@C3>< :>=F5 MB8E ?>420;>2 5ABL 425@L. /C482;ONAL, :0: BK55=5C=NE0; >BAN40!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@>AB> E>GC, GB>1K :064K9 7=0;, GB> OA?@0H820N, B>;L:> 82A53>& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> >AA, A:070; !0@48=K, MB> <em>A5@L57=></em>!</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">5@A8:8 8?0A=K5 >1K 640;8 ?>A;0==K9 =0@07254:C >B@O4. !=8<8 AB>O; ">:A8, <>;>40O :@KA0, :>B>@0O E>@>H> G8B0;0. 0MB> 53> G0AB> 8A?>;L7>20;8 2:0G5AB25 ?><>I=8:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@A8:8 ?@8E20B8;0 AA>1>9 <em>@8:;NG5=85 <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> 8E4>;3> =5B, A:070; ">:A8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 030@ ?@>25@O5B :064K9 H03, >B25B8;0 5@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> 745AL =5B0:, >B:;8:=C;AO ?0A=K5 >1K. 3> =>A ?>H525;8;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">K15602H0O 87B>==5;O :@KA0, 15H5=> 8E@0AB>;:02, ?@>B8A=C;0AL <8<>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">?0A=K5 >1K ?>=NE0; 2>74CE.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !B@0E, A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">I5 B@8 :@KAK ?@>B8A=C;8AL <8<>, A182 53> A=>3.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> ?@>8AE>48B?  A?@>A8;0 5@A8:8 C4@C3>9 :@KAK, :>B>@0O 2?>?KB:5 ?@>B8A=CBLAO <8<> @0725@=C;0 552>:@C3 >A8. "0?8A:=C;0 =0=55 870B>@>?8;0AL ?@>GL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 1K;0 @52>AE>4=0O. >G5<C >=0 =5>B25B8;0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >;LH5& AB@0E0, A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K.  =8& 8A?C30==K. C60A5& </p> <p class="lbparmain">">:A8 ?>?KB0;AO >AB0=>28BL A;54CNICN :@KAC, =>B0C:CA8;0 53> 8C1560;0, ?>2873820O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0< =C6=> >B>9B8 =0704, =0AB>9G82> A:070;0 5@A8:8.  B> 7=05B, GB> >=8 B0< =0H;8. >65B, B0< E>@5:!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5<>65B 1KBL!  A:070; ">:A8.  :>@>: C18; E>@L:0 >4=064K!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>G0 70A>1>9 H;59D AB@0E0, ?@>1560;8 5I5 B@8 :@KAK. 4=0 87=8E <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> :@8:=C;0 5@A8:0<, <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 15H5=> ?@>25@5I0;0 ?0A=K< >10< 8?>1560;0 40;LH5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8& >=8 701K;8 :0: 3>2>@8BL&  ?@>H5?B0; ?0A=K5 >1K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 025@=>5, 8E=0?C30;> <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> C60A=>5!  A:070;0 5@A8:8, ?KB0OAL A>1@0BL A2>8 70?8A8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 =8:>340 =51K;8 B0: =0?C30=K!  A:070; ">:A8.  ><=8B5, GB> A;CG8;>AL, :>340 =0A =0H;0 B0A>10:0? K2A5 1K;8 8A?C30=K, =><K<em>3>2>@8;8</em>, 8<K?>9<0;8 552;>2CH:C, >=0 CH;0 >B:>@>:0 ?>A:C;820O& </p> <p class="lbparmain">A2>5<C ?>B@OA5=8N 5@A8:8 70<5B8;0, GB> ?0A=K5 >1K ?;0G5B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 701K;8, :0: <em>3>2>@8BL</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;4N68=K :@KA, ?>?8A:820O, ?@>B8A=C;8AL <8<> =8E. 5@A8:8 ?>?KB0;0AL >AB0=>28BL >4=C, =>B0?8A:=C;0 =0=55 82K25@=C;0AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 1K;0 '5BK@5?>@F88!  A:070;0 >=0, ?>25@=C2H8AL :">:A8.  /3>2>@8;0 A=59 <nobr>:0:8E-B></nobr> ?>;G0A0 =0704! =0& ">:A8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">(5@ABL ">:A8 ?>4=O;0AL 4K1><. 3> 273;O4 @0AD>:CA8@>20;AO. >B >B:@K;AO, >1=0682 7C1K. =CAB028;AO =0=55, 8;8 A:2>7L =55, ?>B>< @0725@=C;AO 8?>1560;.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 ?>25@=C;0AL, 8A><:=C;0 ;0?K 2>:@C3 ?0A=KE >1>2. 2>;=0 AB@0E0 =0:@K;0 8E.</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">"0< 1K;8 :@KAK. B?>;0 4>?>B>;:0, >B>4=>9 AB5=K 4>4@C3>9, 2A5 1K;> 70?>;=5=> 8<8. ;5B:8 1K;8 =018BK 18B:><, :@KAK A28A0;8 A?@>2>;>G=KE AB5=>: 8?>B>;:>2. @>2>;>:0 ?@>3810;0AL ?>4 8E25A><. >A=OI85AO B5;0 :8H5;8, ;0?K 8=>AK ?@>A>2K20;8AL G5@57 @5H5B:C. >74CE A3CAB8;AO >B?8A:0, HC@H0=8O 8G8@8:0=LO. 5I5 70?0E.</p> <p class="lbparmain">AB0B:8 @07254K20B5;L=>3> >B@O40 :>@>:0 A3@C48;8AL 2F5=B@5 ?>;0. >;LH8=AB2> :MB><C 2@5<5=8 C65 C1560;>. A;81K 70?0E8 2MB>9 :><=0B5 1K;8 72C:0<8, MB> 1K;81K 2>?;8 8:@8:8, BKAOG8 :@8:>2. =8 70?>;=8;8 4;8==CN :><=0BC <nobr>:0:8<-B></nobr> AB@0==K< =0?@O65=85<. 065 >@8A 53> ?>GC2AB2>20;, A@07C65 ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: 8B 2K18; 425@L. -B> 1K;> ?>E>65 =03>;>2=CN 1>;L A=0@C68 3>;>2K, :>B>@0O ?KB05BAO ?@>=8:=CBL 2=CB@L. =0 4028;0 =010@010==K5 ?5@5?>=:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A AB>O; =5<=>3> ?>7048 2A5E. 5=C6=> 1K;> <=>3> C<0, GB>1K ?>=OBL, GB> A8BC0F8O >B2@0B8B5;L=0 8:B><C65 2;N1>9 <><5=B <>65B ?>B@51>20BLAO 40BL =51>;LH>3> AB@5:0G0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">564C =>30<8 2?5@548 AB>OI8E >=C2845; 030@0, :>@>:0 84@C38E 7<5=82H8EAO. =8 AB>O;8 ?>A@548 :><=0BK 8A<>B@5;8 =0:;5B:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!C482;5=85< >@8A 70<5B8;, GB> :>@>: 4@>68B. 4=0:> MB> 1K;0 4@>6L O@>AB8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K?CAB8 8E!  :@8:=C; B>B 8BC.  K?CAB8 8E2A5E!  K?CAB8 8E2A5E <em>=5<54;5==></em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>I5 >4=0</em> 3>2>@OI0O :@KA0?  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K<>65< 8A?>;L7>20BL 4C4>G=8:0!</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, <K<>65< 8A?>;L7>20BL 4C4>G=8:0, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?@0240, A>3;0A8;AO 2B>@>9 @KA>;>2.  /:0: @07 ?>4C<0; >B><65. -& :0:65 <K<>65< 8A?>;L7>20BL 4C4>G=8:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>?OBL >@8A CA;KH0; 23>;>25 3>;>A, :0: 25B5@, 4CNI89 G5@57 ?5I5@C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"><em>- 0725 MB> =5'?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0725 MB> =5>G5284=>?  A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 30, >G5284=>, ?@>1>@<>B0; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.  G5284=59 >G5284=>3>. -M& </p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A A<>B@5;, :0: :@KA>;>2K >B:@K;8 =5A:>;L:> :;5B>:, 2KB0I8;8 >BBC40 :@KA 81@>A8;8 2AC<:8. >B45;L=CN AC<:C 1@>A8;8 :>@>:0. :>340 :@KA>;>2K CH;8, CB0I82 AA>1>9 4@C38E ;N459, >@8A ?>4C<0;: 34565 2MB>< ;018@8=B5 ?>420;>2 =09B8 4K@C @07<5@>< A>@8A0?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>H:8 =5<>3CB 2845BL 2B5<=>B5. 'B> >=8 <em><>3CB</em>, B0: MB> 2845BL ?@8 >G5=L A;01>< >A25I5=88. 0;:89 :;>G>: ;C==>3> A25B0 ?@>A>G8;AO 2?@>AB@0=AB2> 70>@8A><. =H5; G5@57 <0;5=L:>5 >B25@AB85 2?>B>;:5, ?>@07<5@C 5420;8 4;O <KH8, 8:>=5G=>, A;8H:>< <0;5=L:>5 4;O >@8A0, 4065 5A;8 5<C C40ABAO BC40 4>1@0BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">CG >A25B8; 4@C3>9 ?>420;. =2K3;O45; B0:, :0: 1C4B> :@KA>;>2K 8A?>;L7>20;8 53> B>65 2C3;C A20;5=> =5A:>;L:> 1>G5:, 3@><>748;8AL :8?K A;><0==KE :@KA8=KE :;5B>:. >@8A >AB>@>6=> >A<>B@5; ?>420; 2?>8A:0E 4@C3>3> 2KE>40. "CB 1K;8 425@8, =>>=8 1K;8 A@CG:0<8. 065 53> <>3CG89 <>73 =5<>3 @073040BL 70304:C ?>2>@0G820NI8EAO 425@=KE @CG5:<sup><a href="#19*" class="note">[19*]</a></sup><a name="top19*"></a>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"CB 1K;0 5I5 >4=0 AB>G=0O @5H5B:0 2AB5=5. >@8A ?@>B8A=C;AO G5@57 =55.</p> <p class="lbparmain"><em>I5 >48=</em> ?>420;. I5 1>;LH5 :>@>1>: 8<5H:>2. >, E>BO1K, ACE>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>A 70A?8=>9 A?@>A8;: <em>'B> BKB0:>5</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A @0725@=C;AO. A5, GB> >=<>3 @073;O45BL, MB> OI8:8 8<5H:8. >74CE ?0E :@KA0<8, @074020;>AL HC@H0=85 8, 2@5<O >B2@5<5=8, ?@83;CH5==K9 ?8A:. >?>A@02=5=8N A:><=0B>9, 345 AB>O;8 :;5B:8, 745AL 1K; @09 =515A=K9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>A <em>72CG0;</em> <nobr>87-70</nobr> A?8=K, =5B0:;8? =53> <em>A;KH0;</em>, ?@0240? >B><C GB> 5<C ?>:070;>AL, GB> MB> 1K;0 ?0<OBL >3>;>A5, =5GB>, 2>7=8:0NI55 C=53> 23>;>25, <8=CO ?>B@5?0==K5 CH8. ">65 1K;> 8A:@KA>;>20<8. =8 3>2>@8;8 B0:, :0: 1C4B> A;KH0;8 3>;>A, 84C<0;8 GB> MB> 8EA>1AB25==K5 <KA;8. 54L =0<em>A0<>< 45;5</em> 3>;>A0 =51K;>, =5B0:;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>/B51O =5286C</em>, A:070;0 ?0<OBL, <em>O=57=0N, :B> BKB0:>9</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">;O ?0<OB8 MB> 1K; =5>G5=L ?@8OB=K9 3>;>A. =H8?5; 8?@>=8:0; 2<>73 ?>4>1=> :8=60;C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>4>948 1;865</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0?K >@8A0 =0G0;8 ?>45@3820BLAO. CA:C;K =0G0;8 42830BL 53> 2?5@54. =2K?CAB8; :>3B8 8>?OBL >1@5; A0<>:>=B@>;L. <nobr>B>-B></nobr> ?@OG5BAO A@548 OI8:>2, ?>4C<0; >=. 703>2>@8BL A59G0A 1C45B =5>G5=L C40G=>9 84559. N48 AB@0==> @5038@CNB =03>2>@OI8E :>B>2. 5;L7O @0AAG8BK20BL =0B>, GB> 2A5 1C4CB B0:8<865 AC<0AH54H8<8, :0: 452>G:0, @0AA:07K20NI0O A:07:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>4>948 </em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>A BO=C; 53> :A515. C6=> <em><nobr>GB>-=81C4L</nobr></em> A:070BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !?0A81>, <=5 8BCB =5?;>E>, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>">340, <>65B, @0745;8HL =0HC ,</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>A;54=55 A;>2> 60;8;>. >, =0C482;5=85, 1K;> =5>G5=L 1>;L=>. >;>A 72CG0; @57:> 84@0<0B8G=>, :0: 1C4B> 2;045;5F 65;0; 2845BL, :0: >@8A :0B05BAO ?>?>;C >B1>;8. >2<5AB> MB>3> >=?>GC2AB2>20; C:>; 3>;>2=>9 1>;8, :>B>@0O 1KAB@> ?@>H;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>340 3>;>A 7072CG0; A=>20, 2=5< ?>A;KH0;8AL =>B:8 =54>25@8O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>'B> BK70ACI5AB2>? "2>9 @07C<  ,+</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@54?>G8B0N 3>2>@8BL C4828B5;L=K9, A:070; >@8A.  4=0:> :B> BK, 7040NI89 <=5 2>?@>AK 2><@0:5?</p> <p class="lbparmain">3> =>A GC2AB2>20; B>;L:> 70?0E :@KA. =CA;KH0; A;01K9 72C: A;520 8C2845; A8;CMB >3@><=>9 :@KAK, ?>4?>;70NI59 :=5<C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">I5 >48= 72C: 70AB028; 53> ?>25@=CBLAO. I5 >4=0 :@KA0 ?@81;860;0AL A4@C3>9 AB>@>=K. ?>;C<@0:5 >=@07;8G0; B>;L:> A8;CMB.</p> <p class="lbparmain">(C@H0=85 2?5@548 C25@8;> 53> 2B><, GB> >BBC40 B>65 42865BAO :@KA0, B8E> A:>;L7O A:2>7L B5<=>BC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>B 84CB <>8 3;070& '"? "! "! #",!</em></p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 8</strong></p><blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph">8AB5@ 09:8= >1=0@C68;, GB> >= <br/>B>;ABK9 :@>;8: 2"5<=>< 5AC. <C 70E>B5;>AL<br/>AB0BL <nobr>:5<-=81C4L</nobr>, :@><5 :@>;8:0,<br/>8;8 E>BO1K =5B0:8< B>;ABK<.<br/>> C?5@B @KA>2A:89 1K; C65 2?CB8.<br/>0;>65 >=7=0; >B><, GB> 53> >6840;> 2?5@548.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">>340 B@8 :@KAK ?@K3=C;8, 1K;> C65 A;8H:>< ?>74=>. 0<5AB5, 345 1K; >@8A, >AB0;0AL B>;L:> 4K@0 22>74CE5 @07<5@>< A=53>. >@8A C65 1K; =0B>9 AB>@>=5 :><=0BK 8:0@01:0;AO =0<nobr>:0:85-B></nobr> OI8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>4 =8< @0740;AO ?8A:. =?@K3=C; =04@C3>9 OI8: 8C2845; 2AB5=5 <5AB>, 345 2K20;8;>AL =5A:>;L:> B@CE;O2KE :8@?8G59. ==0F5;8;AO, ?@K3=C;, 8, F5?;OOAL :>3BO<8 702>74CE 8>1@CH82 5I5 =5A:>;L:> :8@?8G59, 2B>;:=C; A51O 2=58725AB=>ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> 1K; 5I5 >48= ?>420;. =1K; ?>;>= 2>4K. 5@=55, >=1K; ?>;>= <em>=5A>2A5<</em> 2>4K. 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KB0;AO 4020BL 5<C ?@8:07K. 020BL ?@8:07K <em>:>BC</em>? 53G5 ?@818BL :AB5=5 ABC45=L 32>74O<8. =GB> 4C<05B, GB> >=A>10:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>=NG0O 3@O7L AB5:0;0 AH5@AB8. 065 2CH0E 1K;> ?>;=> 3@O78. =E>B5; 1K;> 2K;870BLAO, =>2>2@5<O >AB0=>28;AO. -B> >1KG=0O :>H0GLO @50:F8O 2K;870BLAO. >;870BL <em>MB></em>, A:>@55 2A53>, A0<>C189AB2>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">B5<=>B5 ?@>87>H;> <nobr>:0:>5-B></nobr> 42865=85. =AC<5; @07;8G8BL A8;CMBK >3@><=KE :@KA, ?@>B8A:820NI8EAO G5@57 4K@C. 0740;>AL =5A:>;L:> 2A?;5A:>2. 5:>B>@K5 87A8;CMB>2 ?>?>;7;8 24>;L AB5=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em></em>, A:070; 3>;>A.  <em>"K8E2848HL? !<>B@8, >=8 84CB 70B>1>9, "!</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A E>B5; 1560BL, =>>AB0=>28; A51O. 52@5<O A;CH0BL A2>53> 2=CB@5==53> :>B0. =CB@5==89 :>B ?><>3 5<C 2K1@0BLAO 87:><=0BK, =>>=BC?>9. =E>B5;, GB>1K >@8A =0?040; =025I8 <5=LH5 A51O, 81560; >B2A5E >AB0;L=KE. >=8:0:>9 :>B =5<>65B A?@028BLAO A>AB059 :@KA B0:>3> @07<5@0. =70<5@, ?KB0OAL =52K?CA:0BL 87?>;O 7@5=8O ?@81;860NI8EAO :@KA. =8 H;8 ?@O<> =0=53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!?>:>9=>& A?>:>9=>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>A A:070;:</p> <p class="lbparmain"><em> "K8E2848HL& </em></p> <p class="lbparmain">B:C40 >=<em>C7=0;</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A ?>?KB0;AO 4C<0BL ?>3@><G5: "K& '8B05HL& >8& KA;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">8G53> =5A;CG8;>AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">BCB 53> >70@8;>. =70:@K; 3;070.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>B:@>9 8E</em>!  ?>A;54>20;0 =5<54;5==0O :><0=40, 853> 25:8 704@>60;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">50, ?>4C<0; >@8A. 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A5, GB> <=5 A59G0A =C6=>, MB> 4K@0 2>2=5H=89 <8@. 2A5, GB> 8<>AB0=5BAO =0?0<OBL, MB> >1;0:> ?K;8 8;8, ?>:@09=5 <5@5, 70A>EH59 3@O78.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>A 253> 3>;>25, :>B>@K9 =51K; B08=AB25==K9 3>;>A><, 02A53> ;8HL 53> A>1AB25==K<, A:070;: :0:65 <0;LG8: A3;C?K< ;8F>< 82A5 >AB0;L=K5? "K4>;65= 8<?><>GL! >@8A ?>4C<0;: BKBCB >B:C40? =05HL GB>, 2>B <em>BK</em> 8?><>309, 0OCE>6C <nobr>:C40-=81C4L</nobr>, 345 ?>B5?;55.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!25B 2:>=F5 B>==5;O AB0; O@G5. >=5G=>, >==54>BO3820; 4>A>;=5G=>3> A25B0, 84065 A;C==K< =5<>3 ?>BO30BLAO, =>2A5 GB> C3>4=> 1K;> ;CGH5, G5< MB0 B5<=>B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@0:B8G5A:8 ?>GB8 2A5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=2KAC=C; 3>;>2C 87B@C1K 24@C3CN B@C1C, ?>1>;LH5, A45;0==CN 87:8@?8G59, ;8?:8E >B<nobr>:0:>9-B></nobr> AB@0==>9 ?>475<=>9 304>AB8, 2:@C3 A25G=>3> A25B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B>& >@8A?  A?@>A8;0 5@A8:8, CAB0282H8AL =03@O7L, :0?0NICN A53> A?CB0==>3> <5E0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0E=5B ;CGH5, G5< >1KG=>, A:070; 030@ ACE<K;:>9, :>B>@CN >@8A @0AF5=8; :0: =54@C65;N1=CN.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %0, E0, E0, A:070; >@8A A;01K< 3>;>A><. =1K; =52=0AB@>5=88 ?8:8@>20BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> E, O7=0;, GB> BK=0A =5>AB028HL, AB0@K9 4@C3, A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K.  /2A5340 3>2>@8;, GB>, ?>:@09=59 <5@5, =0>@8A0 <K<>65< ?>;>68BLAO. =3;C1>:> 274>E=C;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, A:070; 030@, 1@>A82 =0>@8A0 ?>=8<0NI89 273;O4.  >2G5< <K<>65< =0=53> ?>;>68BLAO?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , A:070; >@8A.  -MM. %>@>H>. >B O20A 8=0H5;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, A:070; 030@ B>=><, :>B>@K9 ?>:070;AO >@8AC =5?@8OB=K<.  #4828B5;L=>, =5B0:;8? >4>7@520N, GB> BK8A:0; =0A >G5=L 4>;3>. /2845; :0: BK@20=C; =0A 8A:0BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >65HL =0< ?><>GL?  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B0< 5ABL <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 5I5& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> >;>A, 2K@20;>AL C>@8A0, ?@5645 G5< >=A<>3 A51O >AB0=>28BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 48:> 3;O=C; =0=53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>"K</em> 53> B>65 A;KH0;? /4C<0;, GB> B>;L:> <K& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KA>;>2K A;KH0;8 53> B>65, A:070; >@8A.  ">;L:> >=8 4C<0;8, GB> MB> 8EA>1AB25==K5 <KA;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ==0?C30; >AB0;L=KE, ?@>1>@<>B0; ?0A=K5 >1K.  =8 ?@>AB>& <em>?5@5AB0;8</em> 4C<0BL& =2K3;O45; 01A>;NB=> ?>402;5==K<. O4>< A=8<, 8A?0G:0==>5 3@O7LN 8A;540<8 ;0?, 1K;> >B:@KB> <em>@8:;NG5=85 <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em>.  065 ">:A8 C1560;, ?@>4>;68; >=.  >=C<55B ?8A0BL! 0: B0:>5 <>3;> A;CG8BLAO?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >E>65, GB> =0=5:>B>@KE 3>;>A ?>459AB2>20; A8;L=55, C25@5==> A:070; 030@.  /?>A;0; A0<KE @07C<=KE, GB>1K ?>?KB0BLAO A>1@0BL >AB0;L=KE, =>, 1>NAL, MB> 1C45B 4>;30O @01>B0. =8 @071560;8AL :C40 3;070 3;O4OB. 0< =04> A?0AB8 :>@>:0. ==0H 2>60:. K65 :@KAK, 2:>=F5 :>=F>2. ;0=. @KAK 4>;6=K A;54>20BL 702>60:><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >>==5<=>3> ?>AB0@5;, 0BK?>;>= A8;, 8>=C6B>G=> =5<>73 :><?0=88, =0G0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 701@0;8 53>!  :@8:=C; 030@. <em>=8</em> :@KA>;>2K! >= >48= 87=0A! "0: BK=0< ?><>65HL 8;8 =5B?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8AC ?>:070;>AL, GB> >=A;KH8B A:@51CI89 72C: =04@C3>9 AB>@>=5 B@C1K. ==5<>3 @0725@=CBLAO, GB>1K ?@>25@8BL, 82=570?=> ?>GC2AB2>20; A51O >G5=L CO728<K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 30, ?><>GL 20<, 40, 40, 1KAB@> A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> E<. "K459AB28B5;L=> MB> 8<55HL 2284C, >@8A?  A?@>A8;0 5@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 40, :>=5G=>, A:070; >@8A. =2K?>;7 87B@C1K 8?>A<>B@5; 2=55. 8:0:8E A;54>2 :@KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !0@48=K 845B 70:@KA>;>20<8, A:070; 030@.  "0: <KC7=05<, :C40 53> C=5A;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #<5=O =5E>@>H55 GC2AB2>, GB> O8B0: 7=0N, :C40, 70<5B8; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B:C40?  2A:8=C;0AL 5@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /254L :>B, 25@=>?  >B25B8; >@8A.  >BK E>4OB B0< 8AO<. K2A5 70<5G05<. ABL <=>3> <5AB, :C40 :>B <>65B 70?@>AB> 701@5AB8, ?>B><C GB> <KC=8GB>605< 2@548& , <KMMM& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, E>@>H>, <K7=05<, GB> BK=55HL =8:>3>, :B> <>65B 3>2>@8BL, BK2A5 2@5<O >1MB>< <em>B25@48HL</em>, A:070;0 5@A8:8.  @>4>;609 40;LH5!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4=064K O1K; 2>4=>< <5AB5, 20<10@5. /701@0;AO =0A5=>20;, 2A5=5 2A5340 <>6=> =09B8, MMM& </p> <p class="lbparmain">5@A8:8 70:0B8;0 3;070.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 40, <em>?@>4>;609</em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, BC40 2>H;8 <C6G8=K, 8O=5<>3 2K1@0BLAO, ?>B><C GB> A=8<8 1K;> <=>3> A>10:, 8<C6G8=K 70:@K;8 70A>1>9 425@L. -, 8>=8 ?>AB028;8 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 2@>45 1>;LH>9 :@C3;>9 45@52O==>9 AB5=K 2F5=B@5, 0?>B>< ?>O28;>AL =5A:>;L:> <C6G8= AOI8:0<8, 2:>B>@KE A845;8 :@KAK. >=8 1@>A8;8 =5A:>;L:> :@KA 2MB>B :@C3, 0?>B><, ?>B>< ?CAB8;8 BC40 =5A:>;L:> A>10:. "5@L5@>2, 4>1028; >=, AB0@0OAL =5A<>B@5BL 8<2;8F0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KAK A@060;8AL AA>10:0<8?  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A?@>A8; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">;C?>, >G5=L 3;C?>: ?>4C<0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B><C GB> >=8 <em>:@KAK</em>, 030@.  =>3> :@KA. 0640O GC2AB2C5B AB@0E 8?0=8:C >AB0;L=KE. "K<em>7=05HL</em>, :0: MB> 1K205B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4=064K OC:CA8; ?A0 70=>A!  A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, E>@>H>, CA?>:0820NI5 A:070; >@8A.  4=0 :@KA0 <>65B 4C<0BL 81KBL E@01@>9. =5A:>;L:> :@KA MB> B>;?0. !1>@8I5 :@KA MB> ?@>AB> 1>;LH>5 682>B=>5, ;8H5==>5 @07C<0, =>A><=>65AB2>< =>3.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> =5?@0240!  2>7@078;0 5@A8:8.  <5AB5 <KA8;L=K!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0A:>;L:> >=0 2KA>:0O?  A?@>A8; 030@, @073;O4K20O ?;0<O A25G8 B0:, 1C4B> 2845; B0< C7>@K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>?  ?5@5A?@>A8;8 2<5AB5 >@8A 85@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !B5=0& =0A:>;L:> >=0& 2KA>:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ? /=57=0N! KA>:0O! N48 >?8@0;8AL =0=55 ;>:BO<8! 0725 MB> 8<55B 7=0G5=85? =0 A;8H:>< 2KA>:0, GB>1K :@KA0 <>3;0 55?5@5?@K3=CBL, MB> O7=0N.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5, GB> <KA45;0;8, <KA45;0;8 B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 45@60;8AL 2<5AB5, =0G0;0 5@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ">340 <K2<5AB5 A?0A5< :>@>:0, >B:;8:=C;AO 030@.  K&  >=@0725@=C;AO =072C: ?@81;860NI59AO ?>B@C15 :@KAK 8?>H525;8; =>A><.  -B> !0@48=K, A:070; >=.  & <nobr>B0:-B0:</nobr>, ?0E=5B A0<:>9, <>;>4>9, 272>;=>20==>9& 8B0B5;L=0O?</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0<K9 <>;>4>9 G;5= B@O40 ?>1572@56820=8N >2CH5: ?;5;0AL 2A;54 70!0@48=0<8. =0 1K;0 <>:@0 8?>402;5=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K3;O48B5 :0: CB>=C2H0O :@KA0, <8AA, A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /C?0;0 2AB>G=CN B@C1C, AM@, >B25B8;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5 @02=> ?@8OB=> 20A 2845BL. 'B> A;CG8;>AL, !0@48=K?</p> <p class="lbparmain">"0=F>@ A45;0; =5A:>;L:> =5@2=KE ?0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /2A:0@01:0;AO =01>;LH55 :>;8G5AB2> 2>4>AB>G=KE B@C1 815;L52KE 25@52>:, G5< ?>;57=> 4;O <>53> 74>@>2LO, A:070; >=.  =5A?@0H8209B5 <5=O ?@> <em>:@@::</em> :>B>2, 1>AA. /1K :064>3> 87=8E E>B5; C2845BL 23@>1C& >:@><O 20H59 G5AB8, : =5G=>65, 4>1028; !0@48=K, B@52>6=> CAB0282H8AL =0>@8A0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?  A?@>A8;0 5@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 ?>H;8 2<nobr>:0:85-B></nobr> :>=NH=8 =0>:@08=5, ?@>4>;68; !0@48=K.  <em>;>E></em> ?0E=CB. >:@C3 ?>;=> ?A>2. ;N459.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KA8=0O O<0, A:070; >@8A.  /3>2>@8;. =8 @072>4OB :@KA 4;O :@KA8=>9 O<K!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, A:070; 030@.  KA>18@05<AO 701@0BL :>@>:0 >BBC40. !0@48=K, ?>:065HL <=5 4>@>3C. AB0;L=KE ?>AB0@05<AO ?>4>1@0BL ?>4>@>35. 20< ?>:0 AB>8B ?>8A:0BL <0;LG8:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?>G5<C <em>BK</em> >B405HL ?@8:07K?  A?@>A8;0 5@A8:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B><C GB> <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 4>;65= MB8< 70=8<0BLAO, >B25B8; 030@.  :>@>:, E>BL >=8B>B 5I5 ?>30=5F, 408C?5@BK9 :B><C65, =>>=2>60:, MB> :064K9 GC5B. ==0< =C65=. >?@>AK 5ABL? %>@>H>& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> O<>3C A20<8 ?>9B8, AM@?  A?@>A8;0 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 ?><>305B <=5 =5AB8 <>N 15G52:C, >1JOA=8; !0@48=K. =8N=0O :@KA0 B0I8;8 AA>1>9 F5;K5 <>B:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0< 459AB28B5;L=> 2A5 MB> =C6=>?  A?@>A8; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8:>340 =53>2>@8B5 =5B :CA:C 15G52:8, A5@L57=> >B25B8; !0@48=K.  @>AB> C4828B5;L=>, :0:85 HBC:8 8=>340 =0E>48HL& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 04=>, @07 C6>B=55 E>BL <em><nobr>:0:>9-B></nobr></em> B>;: 5ABL, A>3;0A8;AO 030@.  ;CGH51K 59=5>BAB020BL. ?5@54!</p> <p class="lbparmain">2>B >AB0;8AL B>;L:> ?0A=K5 >1K, 5@A8:8 8>@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">?0A=K5 >1K 274>E=C;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4=0 :@KA0 <>65B 1KBL E@01@>9, 0AB0O :@KA MB> B>;?0?  A:070; >=.  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A:070; 8B.  :B> 2B2>59 8AB>@88 O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0C6=8G53> @><0=B8G5A:>3> BCB =5?@542848BAO, MB> O7=0N B>G=>, >B25B8;0 0;8H0.  4;O :><8:0 BK=54>AB0B>G=> 701025=. 57=0N. 025@=>5 ?@>AB>& <nobr>:B>-=81C4L</nobr>. =05HL, :0: A;CG09=K9 ?@>E>689, <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 2@>45 B>3>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B5<=>B5 ?>A;KH0;8AL A;01K5 72C:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> >=8 45;0NB?  ?@>H5?B0;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, ?KB0NBAO 7065GL A2>N A25GC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KAK 83@0NB A>3=5<?  ?@>H8?5;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 =583@0NB. ?0A=K5 >1K 4C<05B, GB> A25B 8B5=8 >G5=L 206=K. #=8E 2A5340 28EE>40E <nobr>345-B></nobr> 70665=0 A25G0, :C401K >=8& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?0A=K5 >1K? 'B> MB> 708<O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> (HH! @>AB> >=8 =0CG8;8AL A;>20<, G8B0O =04?8A8 =0AB0@KE :>=A5@2=KE 10=:0E, B01;8G:0E 82AQ< B0:><! =8 =57=0;8, GB> >7=0G0NB MB8 A;>20, 82K1@0;8 8E?>B><C, GB> 8<=@028;>AL 72CG0=85!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, =>& ?0A=K5 >1K? 2CG8B, :0: 1C4B> >=& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 53> 8<O. 5?>B5H09AO =04 =8<!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>, 8728=8, 2KA>:><5@=> A:070;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">A?KE=C;0 A?8G:0. 03>@5;>AL ?;0<O A25G8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 273;O=C;0 =042CE :@KA. 4=0 1K;0& ?@>AB> <0;5=L:0O :@KA0, E>BO 81>;55 CE>65==0O, G5< B5, :>B>@KE 594>25;>AL ?>2840BL. 0A0<>< 45;5, 1>;LH8=AB2> :@KA, :>B>@KE >=0 2845;0, 1K;8 C65 <5@B2K<8, =>682K5 2A5340 1K;8& =5@2=K<8, 2>71C645==K<8, 2A5 2@5<O =NE0;8 2>74CE. MB0 ?@>AB>& A<>B@5;0. #AB028;0AL ?@O<> =0=55.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@C30O :@KA0 1K;0 15;>9, @07<5@>< 4065 <5=LH5, G5< ?5@20O. =0 B>65 A<>B@5;0 =00;8HC, E>BO IC@8;0AL 1C45B B>G=55. #=55 1K;8 @>7>2K5 3;070. 0;8H0 =8:>340 >A>1> =58=B5@5A>20;0AL GC2AB20<84@C38E, ?>B><C GB> 2A5340 AG8B0;0, GB> 55A>1AB25==K5 GC2AB20 :C40 8=B5@5A=55. >1K;> 2MB>9 :@KA5 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> ?5G0;L=>5 8B@52>6=>5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 B0I8;0 AA>1>9 <0;5=L:CN :=83C, 8;8, B>, GB> 4;O ;N459 A>H;>1K 70<0;5=L:CN. =0 1K;0 @07<5@>< 2<nobr>?>;-:@KA8=>3></nobr> @>AB0, A>G5=L O@:>9 >1;>6:>9, =>0;8H0 =5A<>3;0 @07>1@0BL, GB> MB> 70:=830.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5@A8:8 8?0A=K5 >1K, A:070; 8B.  -B> 0;8H0. 5>B5F BCB <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @825B, A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> M@? 0725 MB> =5<em>?@028B5;LAB2></em>?  A?@>A8;0 5@A8:8.  >@8A 3>2>@8B, GB> ?@028B5;LAB2> MB> >?0A=K5 ?@5ABC?=8:8, 2>@CNI85 45=L38 C;N459.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: BK=0CG8; 8E3>2>@8BL?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 A0<8 =0CG8;8AL, >B25B8; 8B.  =8 =54@5AA8@>20==K5 682>B=K5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, <>9 >B5F <em>=8C:>3> =52>@C5B</em>. :B> 8E=0CG8;, GB> ?@028B5;LAB2> MB>& .</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @ HC ?@>I5=8O, ?>A?5H=> >B:;8:=C;AO >@8A <nobr>87-70</nobr> AB>G=KE 2>@>B.  8G53>, OBCB, 2=87C. >65< <K25@=CBLAO :45;C?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K1K E>B5;8, GB>1K 2K?5@53@K7;8 =0H8 25@52:8, ?>?@>A8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #<5=O 5ABL >A:>;>: A;><0==>3> ;5728O =>60, ?@54;>68;0 5@A8:8.  /B>GC 8<:0@0=40H. >65B 8<1C45B C4>1=55?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >6?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0.  0@0=40H?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /65 B515 3>2>@8;, GB> >=8 =5>1KG=K5 :@KAK, A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B0B5;L=>9, GB>1K =5>BAB020BL >B030@0, ?@8E>48;>AL 1560BL. 030@C ?@8E>48;>AL 1560BL, GB>1K =5>BAB020BL >B!0@48=. >340 45;> 4>E>48;> 4>1530 G5@57 3>@>4, !0@48=K 1K; G5<?8>=>< <8@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>4>@>35 :=8< ?@8A>548=O;8AL 4@C385 :@KAK. 8B0B5;L=0O =5<>3;0 =570<5B8BL, GB> MB> 1K;8 2>A=>2=>< <>;>4K5 :@KAK, C4@02H85 2?0=8:5, =>=5CA?52H85 701560BL 40;5:>. =8 A3>B>2=>ABLN 2KAB@0820;8AL 70030@><, 1;03>40@=K5 70B>, GB> =C6=> 45;0BL E>BL GB> B>, CG53> 5ABL F5;L.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K ?@8?;OAK20; 2?5@548. =?@>AB> =5<>3 =8G53> AMB8< ?>45;0BL. >=BO3>B5; ::@KH0<, 2>4>AB>G=K< B@C10< 865;>10<. "CB, =025@EC, =5BC A>10:, 3>2>@8; >=. =5B0: <=>3> :>H5:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>=8>4=0 87:>H5: =5A<>3;01K A;54>20BL 70!0@48=0<8. #;N459 2MB>< 3>@>45 <564C 4@52=8<8 4><0<8 1K;8 BC3> =0BO=CBK5 15;L52K5 25@52:8. =?@K30; =0MB8 25@52:8, 8, A28A0O 2=87 3>;>2>9, 42830;AO 1KAB@>, :0: ?>?;>A:>9 ?>25@E=>AB8. =271530; =0AB5=K, =K@O; 2B@>AB=8:>2K5 :@KH8, >B1820; G5G5B:C, >3810O :0<8==K5 B@C1K, 87:>B>@KE H5; 4K<, A:>;L78; ?>G5@5?8F5. >;C18 27<K20;8 A>A2>8E =0A5AB>2, :>340 >=?@>1530; <8<>, 070=8< ?>?OB0< A;54>20;84@C385 :@KAK.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;C=5 ?@>?;K20;8 >1;0:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K 4>AB83 :@0O :@KH8 8?@K3=C;, ?@875<;82H8AL =0AB5=C 2=87C. =?@>1560; ?>25@EC 88AG57 2B@5I8=5 <564C 42C<O 4>A:0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B0B5;L=0O ?@>A;54>20;0 70=8< 8>:070;0AL =0G5@40:5. <nobr>:0:>9-B></nobr> 53> G0AB8 1K;> A;>65=> A5=>, =>21>;LH59 G0AB8 ?@>AB> =51K;> ?>;0, B0: GB> 1K; 2845= =86=89 MB06. !5=>20; ?>445@6820;AO =5A:>;L:8<8 <0AA82=K<8 10;:0<8, :>B>@K5 H;8 G5@57 25AL ?>B>;>:. !=87C AB@C8;AO O@:89 A25B, A;KH0;AO 3C; B>;?K 8 >=0 A>4@>3=C;0AL A>10G89 ;09.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 1>;LH85 :>=NH=8, 1>AA, A:070; !0@48=K.  /<0 =0E>48BAO ?>4 10;:>9 2>= B0<. >H;8& </p> <p class="lbparmain">=8 ?@>?>;7;8 ?>4@52=59 4@525A8=5 82K3;O=C;8 G5@57 :@09.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;5:> 2=87C >=8 C2845;8 45@52O==>5 :>;LF>, ?>E>655 =0?>;>28=C >3@><=>9 1>G:8. 8B0B5;L=0O >A>7=0;0, GB> >=8 =0E>4OBAO B>G=> =04 O<>9. A;8 >=0 A59G0A C?045B, B>?@875<;8BAO ?@O<> 255F5=B@. >:@C3 O<K AB>;?8;8AL ;N48. !>10:8, ?@82O70==K5 2>7;5 AB5=, ;0O;84@C3 =04@C30 8=02A5;5==CN 2F5;>< 2157C<=>9 O-<>3C-<nobr>MB>-45;0BL-25G=></nobr> <0=5@5 2A5E A>10:. 5?>40;5:C 1K;0 A20;5=0 :CG0 :>@>1>: 8AC<>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!C<:8 H525;8;8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @B;:! 0:65 :@@? <K=0945< :>@>:0 2>2A5< MB><?  A?@>A8; 030@, 253> 3;070E A25@:0;8 >B1;5A:8 A25B0, 84CI53> A=87C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, 7=0O AB0@>3> :>@>:0, 1>AA, O4C<0N, GB> <K=5?@>?CAB8<, :>340 >=?>O28BAO, A:070; !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> BKA<>65HL ?@K3=CBL 2O<C, >12O702H8AL 15G52:>9?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> (5D, O3>B>2 =02A5, ;>O;L=> >B25B8; !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> O<C AA>10:0<8, AM@?  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A;8 BKA<>65HL A?@K3=CBL& </p> <p class="lbparmain">!=87C @0740;AO @52 B>;?K. @KAK A=>20 A25A8;8AL 2=87.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@C3 3>;>2 2>:@C3 :@0O O<K C?;>B=8;AO. <nobr>0:>9-B></nobr> G5;>25: <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 3>2>@8; 3@><:8< 3>;>A><. @5<O >B2@5<5=8 @074020;8AL 0?;>48A<5=BK. "5<=K5 F8;8=4@K :@KA>;>2>2 42830;8AL G5@57 B>;?C. !25@EC >=8 :070;8AL 7;>25I8<8 B5<=K<8 :0?;O<8 2<>@5 A5@KE 8:>@8G=52KE :5?>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">48= 87:@KA>;>2>2 >?CAB>H8; 2O<C AC<:C, 8=01;N40B5;8 C2845;8 B5<=K5 D83C@K :@KA, <5GCI85AO 2?0=8:5, ?KB0NI85AO =09B8 2MB>< :@C3C C3>;, GB>1K 2=5< A?@OB0BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">">;?0 =5<=>3> ?>AB>@>=8;0AL, 8::@0N O<K ?>4>H5; G5;>25:, 45@60I89 B5@L5@0. 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MB>< A;CG05 BK>B25G05HL 702K?>;=5=85 <em>4@C3>3></em> ?;0=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?  A:070;0 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K. >B><C GB> <5=O& =51C45B @O4><, A:070; :>@>:. =?@>BO=C; A?8G:C.  "K7=05HL GB> 45;0BL, A:070; >=, :82=C2 =01;8609HCN :>@<CH:C AA5=><.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B0B5;L=0O A3;>B=C;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0. C<0N, 40. -& :>340?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >340 ?@845B 2@5<O. "K<em>C7=05HL</em>, :>340, A:070; 030@, 8A=>20 273;O=C; 2=87 =01>9=N.  "0: 8;8 8=0G5, OE>GC GB>1K >=8 70?><=8;8 MBC =>GL, B8E> A:070; >=.  =8 70?><=OB, GB> >=8 A45;0;8. >=8 70?><=OB, GB> A45;0;8 <K. 02AN A2>N& >AB02HCNAO 687=L.</p> <p class="lbparmain">:>@>: ;560; 2AC<:5. =GC2AB2>20; ?>1;87>AB8 70?0E 4@C38E :@KA, A>10:, 8:@>28. A>15==> :@>28.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=A;KH0; A2>8 <KA;8, =>>=8 1K;8 :0: AB@5:>B0=85 =0A5:><KE ?@>B82 C@030=0 53> GC2AB2. 1@K2:8 2>A?><8=0=89 ?;OA0;8 C=53> ?5@54 3;070<8. ;5B:8. 0=8:0. 5;0O :@KA0. :>@>:. 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G5=L ;8G=0O 88=B5@5A=0O B>;L:> A0<><C 6M:>, 0B0:65 ;N1>9 A0<>G:5, :>B>@CN 5<C ?>AG0AB;828BAO 2AB@5B8BL, G0ABL 53> ?@52@0B8;0AL 2<0;5=L:89 H0@ 1>;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=7028760;. ;0F=C; 7C10<8. ?>B><, 2A<OB5=88, ?>?KB0;AO 2KA:>G8BL 87O<K, A>?@>2>6405<K9 @52>< B>;?K. =?>4=O;AO =0704=85 ;0?K 853> :>3B8 >BG0O==> 70A:@51;8 ?>A:>;L7:8<, 3;04:8< 4>A:0<.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?@K3=C; =053> E2>AB, ?@>1560; ?>A?8=5, 27>1@0;AO =0:>=G8: =>A0 8?@K3=C; G5@57 AB5=C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?@875<;8;AO A@548 =>3.N48 ?KB0;8AL 53> 70B>?B0BL, =>MB> >7=0G0;>, GB> 4@C385 ;N48 4>;6=K 1K;8 ?>AB>@>=8BLAO. >:0 >=8 >B?8E820;84@C3 4@C30 ;>:BO<8 8BO65;> >1@CH820;8AL =0GC685 =>38, 030@ 8AG57.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>5I5 >AB0;8AL 4@C385 ?AK. >;C157C<=K5 >B2>71C645=8O, >=8 1K;8 A?CI5=K A?>2>4:>2 8F5?59, 8?CAB8;8AL 2?>3>=N 70C1530NI59 :@KA>9. =8 7=0;8 :0: ?@5A;54>20BL :@KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 7=0;, :0: C1530BL. =?@><G0;AO ?>?>;C :0: :><5B0, AE2>AB>< 87@KG0I8E, ;0NI8E ?A>2. ==0?@028;AO 2AB>@>=C B5=8, 70<5B8; 4K@C 24>A:0E 8=K@=C; A:2>7L =55 2?@8OB=CN, 157>?0A=CN B5<=>BC& </p> <p class="lbparmain">)5;: A:070;0 ;>2CH:0.</p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 9</strong></p><blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph">$5@<5@ $@54 >B:@K; 425@L 8C2845; 2A5E 725@59 CH=>9 >;8=K.<br/>K=5<>65< =09B8 8AB5@0 09:8=0 8 C?5@B0 @KA>2A:>3>, 2A:@8G0;8 >=8.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7&nbsp;<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain"> C<nobr>=0:>=5F-B></nobr>!  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A;8 ;N48 E>BOB =0?8A0BL 3;C?CN A:07:C >682>B=KE, 2K40NI8E A51O 70;N459, B>, ?>:@09=59 <5@5, B0< 4>;6=> 1KBL E>BL =5<=>3> 8=B5@5A=>3> =0A8;8O& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> , 1>65, >B>720;AO >@8A <nobr>87-70</nobr> @5H5B:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0MB>B @07 8B 273;O=C; 2=87. 5@A8:8 8?0A=K5 >1K 8AG57;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =05B5, O=8:>340 =5>B206820;AO A:070BL 8<, A:070; >=, =5>1@0I0OAL =8::><C :>=:@5B=>.  =8 4C<0;8, GB> 2A5 MB> ?@0240.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> AB@0=5 CH=>9 >;8=K 2>7<>6=>, A:070;0 0;8H0, 8?>4=O;0AL, :>340 70<>: I5;:=C; 2?>A;54=89 @07.  >=5745AL. >65HL A515 ?@54AB028BL <nobr>:>3>-=81C4L</nobr>, :B> =0A0<>< 45;5 ?@84C<0; B0:>5 8<O 8?@8 MB>< =5A<5O;AO? >945<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K8E@0AAB@>8;0, A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >A;CH09, <>65B 2K15@5<AO >BAN40, ?>:0 =525@=C;8AL :@KA>;>2K?  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'B> 8B@51>20;>AL 4>:070BL& </p> <p class="lbparmain"><em>0:65 ;N48 :@8G0B</em>, ?@>H8?5; B8E89 3>;>A 253> 3>;>25.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> GB>, <>O A>25ABL? ?>4C<0; >@8A. 3> <KA;8 A:070;8: B>, O? 5B. >B5?5@L, :>340 BK@0AA:070; 8<?@> @8?@02K, OGC2AB2CN A51O 7=0G8B5;L=> ;CGH5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A =5;>2:> ?5@5ABC?8; A;0?K =0;0?C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ">340, ?@>H5?B0; >=, 3;O4O =0A2>9 682>B, @8?@02K, MB> BK?</p> <p class="lbparmain">=>?0A0;AO B0:>3> ?>2>@>B0 A>1KB89 AB5E ?>@, :0: ?>=O;, GB> AJ5; 7<5=82H53>AO. #=8E 254L 5ABL 3>;>A0, 25@=>? >?CAB8< 2KAJ5;8 <nobr>:>3>-B></nobr>? >?CAB8< 53> 3>;>A >AB0;AO 2=CB@8? >?CAB8<& <em>A>=</em>, 2:>B>@>< @8?@02K 2=CB@8 =53>? "0:85 25I8 <>3CB A5@L57=> ?>2;8OBL =0:>H0G89 A>=, 40.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>5B</em>, A:070; 3>;>A, :0: HC< 25B@0 2:@>=0E 40;5:8E 45@52L52, <em>MB> /. / #.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> , BK?0C:?  <nobr>?@>H5?B0;-?>4C<0;</nobr> >@8A.  /<>3C A45;0BL ?0C:0 AB@5<O ;0?0<8, A2O70==K<8 70A?8=>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>5?0C:. #</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!;>2> =0A0<>< 45;5 60;8;>. 0=LH5 B0:>3> =51K;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>"5?5@L O2B2>59 , :>B. >BK, :>BK, ?;>E8 :0: A>10:8, EC65 :@KA. /2B2>59 , 8O=8:>340 =5##</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0?0 >@8A0 45@=C;0AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>/1C4C 2B2>8E !%</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >A;CH09, O?@>AB> ?@>E>48; <8<>, >BG0O==> ?@>H5?B0; >@8A.  =5 =5=C6=K =5?@8OB=>AB8. 0<5=O =5;L7O ?>;>68BLAO! / :>B! /1K A0< A515 =54>25@O;1K, 0254L O <em>MB></em> O! @>AB> ?>72>;L <=5 2K1@0BLAO =0A25689 2>74CE, 8O1C4C 45@60BLAO ?>40;LH5 >BB2>8E& =>3, 2>;>A 8;8 <>E=0BKE G0AB59, 8;8 GB> B0< CB51O!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>"K=5E>G5HL #",</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> ?@0240, ?>4C<0; >@8A, O=5E>GC C15& >3>48, O<em>E>GC</em> C1560BL!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /:>B!  ?@>1>@<>B0; >=.  5?>72>;N =8:0:>9 :@KA5 C?@02;OBL <em><=>9</em>. BK?KB0;AO!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>0</em>, ?>A;KH0;AO 3>;>A 0C:0, <em>=>B>340 BK1K; !. A59G0A B2>9 <0;5=L:89 @07C< <5G5BAO ?>:@C3C 8E>G5B, GB>1K <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 4@C3>9 4C<0; 70=53>. /<>3C 4C<0BL 70B51O.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>/<>3C 4C<0BL 70!%</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>/2A5340 1C4C AB>1>9</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>A @0AB0O;.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B;8G=>, ?>4C<0; >@8A. @5<O A:070BL ?@>I09, M4 ;8=F. 5G5@8=:0 <em>70:>=G8;0AL</em>. #:@KA 5ABL 4@C385 :@KAK, <=>3> :@KA, 84065 MB8 420 G5;>25:0 5ABL 4@C3 C4@C30. C<5=O 5ABL B>;L:> O, 8OE>GC 1KBL CA51O <nobr>345-=81C4L</nobr>, 345 A><=>9 =51C4CB 3>2>@8BL AB@0==K5 3>;>A0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 728=8B5, A:070; >=, ?>2KA82 3>;>A.  KCE>48<, 8;8 :0:?</p> <p class="lbparmain">2>5 ;N459 ?>A<>B@5;8 =0@5H5B:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>?  A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /1K ;CGH5 CH5;, A:070; >@8A.  >65HL 2KB0I8BL MBC @5H5B:C? -B> 1C45B =5B@C4=>, >=0 2AO ?@>@6025;0. %>@>H89 <0;LG8:. "5?5@L <K<>65< 1560BL& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 ?>720;8 4C4>G=8:0, >@8A, A:070; 8B.  ;0= @071560;AO ?>2A5<C ?>475<5;LN. C4>G=8: 1C45B BCB CB@><. <em>0AB>OI89</em> 4C4>G=8:, >@8A. 5D0;LH82:0, :0: O. =8 8A?>;L7CNB 2>;H51=K5 D;59BK. "KE>G5HL ?>A<>B@5BL, GB> AB0=5BAO A=0H8<8 :@KA0<8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A>20 =>20O A>25ABL 40;0 5<C E>@>H53> ?8=:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, <em>C2845BL</em> =5E>B5;1K, =5>E>B=> 2>7@078; >@8A.  5B>, GB>1K E>B5;, =5B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>. =0G8BL <K=8:C40 =51568<, A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0? GB>65 <KB>340 1C45< 45;0BL?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K?>3>2>@8< A:@KA>;>20<8, :>340 B525@=CBAO =0704, >B25B8; 8B. #=53> 1K; 704C<G82K9 284.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?>G5<C BK4C<05HL, GB> >=8 70E>BOB A=0<8 3>2>@8BL?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B><C GB>, 5A;8 >=8 A=0<8 =5?>3>2>@OB, A:070; 8B,-B> C<@CB.</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">@KA>;>2K ?@8H;8 G5@57 4204F0BL <8=CB. 25@L E868=K 1K;0 >B?5@B0, AB@5A:>< @0A?0E=CB0, 0?>B>< A3@>E>B>< 70E;>?=CB0. B>@>9 @KA>;>2 4065 70:@K; 55=070A>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ><=8HL, BK3>2>@8;, GB> MB> 4>;65= 1KBL ?@5:@0A=K9 25G5@?  A:070; >=, >?8@0OAL =0425@L 8BO65;> 4KH0.  >2B>@8 >?OBL, ?>B><C GB> O?@>?CAB8; MBC 53> G0ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0B:=8AL, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>B>-B></nobr> 40; <=5 2<em>3;07</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0B:=8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , 4C<0N, O?>B5@O; A2>9 1C<06=8:. 204F0BL 4>;;0@>2 ?><0E0;8 <=5 @CG:>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0B:=8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> O=5A<>3 701@0BL =8>4=>9 :@KAK, 872K682H8E ?>A;5 ?>A;54=59 AE20B:8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0B:=8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A>10: <KB>65 =5701@0;8! K<>3;81K >AB0=>28BAO 8>B2O70BL 8E! <nobr>B>-B></nobr> <>65B 8EC:@0ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0B:=8AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :@KAK G0AB> B0: ?@>=>AOBAO ?>2>74CEC? ;8 MB> 25I8, >:>B>@KE @0AA:07K20NB B>;L:> <em>2>?KB=K<</em> :@KA>;>20<?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /3>2>@8; B515 70B:=CBLAO?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0B:=8AL. %>@>H>, <KCE>48< ?@O<> A59G0A. K7015@5< 45=L38 8A28AB=5< ;>4:C 7040<1>9, E>@>H>? K>AB028< 10@0E;>, :>B>@>5 =5CA?5;8 ?@>40BL, 8?@>AB> <em>C945<</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B ?@>AB> B0:? 57@C:89 6>==8 A@51OB0<8 702B@0 25G5@>< ?>4=8<CBAO ?>@5:5, GB>1K 701@0BL A;54CNICN ?0@B8N, 8& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> K<em>CE>48<</em>, 8;;. "CB ?0E=5B 60@5=K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B ?@>AB> B0:? =4>;65= =0< 425 A>B=8 4>;& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0! @>AB> B0:! @5<O CE>48BL. 5A5=:0 A?5B0, ?B8G:0 C;5B5;0, :>B 2KA:>G8; 87<5H:0! & -B> BKA:070;?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> A:070;?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> BKB>;L:> GB> A:070; /1K 1K; =5?@>B82?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /? 5B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KA>;>2K >3;O45;8 A0@09. @><5 =8E BCB =8:>3> =51K;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> CE>@>H>, A:070; >=.  -B> 1K;0 4;8==0O =>GL. >A;CH09, :>340 45;0 >1>@0G820NBAO 2EC4HCN AB>@>=C, 7=0G8B, ?@8H;> 2@5<O CE>48BL. 8:0:8E ?@82O70==>AB59. K?@>AB> CE>48<, 40? /=5E>GC 1KBL 745AL, :>340 70=0<8 ?@845B B>;?0. O<em>=5E>GC</em> 2AB@5G0BLAO AM=B8<8 4C4>G=8:0<8. =8 =54C@0:8. =8 :@C3>< ACNB A2>9 =>A. >=8 AB>OB :CGC 45=53.N48 =0G=CB 704020BL 2>?@>AK. 548=AB25==K9 2>?@>A, :>B>@K9 O1K E>B5;, GB>1K >=8 704020;8, MB>: C40 ?>4520;8AL =0H8 :@KA>;>2K?. >=O;? %>@>H B>B, :B> 7=05B, :>340 ?@8H;> 2@5<O CE>48BL. 3;C?K5 :>BOB0& . 'B> BKA:070;?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B>, O? /=8G53> =53>2>@8;. '0H:C G0O? "K2A5340 A51O ;CGH5 GC2AB2C5HL ?>A;5 G0H:8 G0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0725 BK=5A:070; !0< BK:>B5=>:?  A?@>A8; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@>AB> A?@>A8;, =5E>G5HL;8 BKG0H:C G0O! '5AB=>5 A;>2>! "K2?>@O4:5?</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 CAB028;AO =0A2>53> ?@8OB5;O, ?KB0OAL 70<5B8BL A;54K ;68 =053> ;8F5. >B>< >=A:070;:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 40. /2?>@O4:5. =5 B@8 ;>6:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C8E>@>H>, A:070; B>@>9 @KA>;>2, =0AK?0O A0E0@.  !0E0@ ?>;575=. 04> A;548BL 70A>1>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 27O; :@C6:C, >BE;51=C; G09, 8CAB028;AO =0:@C60ICNAO ?>25@E=>ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: <K4>MB>3> 4>:0B8;8AL?  A:070; >=.  /8<5N 2284C, 4>2A53> <em>MB>3></em>! =05HL? =>340 O=>GLN ?@>AK?0NAL 84C<0N MB> 3;C?>, =>:>340 4>E>48B 4>45;0, MB> 2A5 2K3;O48B, =C, @07C<=K<. /8<5N 2284C :@060 8>128=5=85 2MB>< :@KA, <em>40</em>. K2545=85 1>;LH8E A8;L=KE :@KA 4;O O<K 8>B1>@ B5E, :B> 2K68;, B0: GB> <K<>65< 2K25AB8 5I5 <em>1>;LH8E</em> :@KA, <em>40</em>. >& O=57=0N& O=5?@82K: 1KBL 3@><8;>9, :>B>@K9 A2O7K205B 45B59.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ><K70@01>B0;8 B>;ABCN ?0G:C 45=53.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 30, 5@2K9 @KA>;>2 ?>:@C68; :@C6:C AG05< 8>BE;51=C; 5I5.  C<0N, A<KA; 2MB><. -B> GB>, =>2K9 G09?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, MB> ?@>AB>9 5;5=K9 >@4<sup><a href="#21*" class="note">[21*]</a></sup><a name="top21*"></a>, A0<K9 >1KG=K9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 02:CA =5<=>3> 4@C3>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 >ACH8; :@C6:C 8?>AB028; 55=0A:0<LN.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, 40209 2>7L<5<& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, MB>3> 4>AB0B>G=>, A:070; 3>;>A C=53> =04 3>;>2>9.  "5?5@L AB>9B5 =0<5AB5 8A;CH09B5 <5=O. A;8 2K?>1568B5, B>C<@5B5. A;8 1C45B5 A;8H:>< <=>3> 3>2>@8BL, B>C<@5B5. A;8 1C45B5 A;8H:>< 4>;3> 640BL, C<@5B5. A;8 4C<05B5, GB> 1>;L=> C<=K5, C<@5B5. >?@>AK 5ABL?</p> <p class="lbparmain">5A:>;L:> :;>G:>2 ?K;8 A;5B5;> A>AB@>?8;0. @KA>;>2K ?>A<>B@5;8 =025@E 8C2845;8 A<>B@OICN 2=87 :>H0GLN <>@4C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> ?@>:;OBK9 :>BO@0 B>3> ?0@=O!  A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.  /65 <em>3>2>@8;</em> B515, GB> >=AB@0==> =0<5=O A<>B@5;!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 020H5< <5AB5 O1K A<>B@5; =5=0<5=O, B>=>< ?@8OB=>9 15A54K A:070; >@8A.  /1K A<>B@5; =0:@KA8=K9 O4.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B>@>9 @KA>;>2 ?>25@=C;AO :AB>;C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -9, :B> C:@0; =0H :@KA8=K9 O4?  A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> E, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2, :>B>@K9 A>>1@060; 7=0G8B5;L=> 1KAB@55.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #:@0;?  A:070; :>B A?>B>;:0.  K=5<em>:@045<</em>. >B><C GB> MB> <em>2>@>2AB2></em>. K?@>AB> ?>;>68;8 53> 24@C3>5 <5AB>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> E, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2, =5>6840==> ?@8A06820OAL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> >?0A=0O HBC:0!  :@8:=C; B>@>9 @KA>;>2, A<>B@O, G5<1K 70?CAB8BL 2:>B0.  570G5< B515 53> E20B0BL! !59G0A65 A:068, 345 >=!</p> <p class="lbparmain">N: 2?>;C A>ABC:>< >B:8=C;AO. 8B 2KAC=C; 3>;>2C, 0?>B>< =0G0; ?>4=8<0BLAO ?>;5AB=8F5, ?>:0 :@KA>;>2K A<>B@5;8 =0=53> 287C<;5=88.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@C:0E >=45@60; <OBK9 1C<06=K9 ?0:5B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , 1>65, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> BKA45;0; A>B@02>9?  B@51>20B5;L=> A?@>A8; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, >B25B8; 8B, @07 2KC6>1MB>< C?><O=C;8, 4C<0N, 1;LHCN 55G0ABL O?>;>68; 2A0E0@& </p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">030@ >G=C;AO. !?8=0 1>;5;0, 4KH0BL 1K;> BO65;>. =GC2AB2>20; 25A A402;820NI8E 53> G5;NAB59 :0?:0=0 8C60A0NI89 70E20B AB0;L=KE 7C1>2 =0682>B5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">/=54>;65= 1K; 2K68BL, ?>4C<0; >=, %>B5;1K O, GB>1K B0: 81K;>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>?KB0;AO ?>4=OBLAO, =>AB0;> 5I5 EC65. >;L B>;L:> AB0;0 =5<=>3> A8;L=55, :>340 >=15AA8;L=> ?@>28A >1@0B=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>9<0=, :0: :@KA0 2:0?:0=, ?>4C<0; >=.  =B5@5A=>, :0:>3> >=B8?0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 030@?  @0740;AO 3>;>A =5?>40;5:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?>?KB0;AO >B25B8BL, =>:064>5, 4065 =51>;LH>5, 42865=85 70AB02;O;> G5;NAB8 :0?:0=0 A68<0BLAO A8;L=55.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 030@?</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@C C40;>AL 8740BL A;01K9 ?8A:. !;>20 ?@8G8=O;8 A;8H:>< <=>3> 1>;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>2;06=>9 B5<=>B5 ?@>HC@H0;8 ;0?K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 030@!</p> <p class="lbparmain">0E;> 8B0B5;L=>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <<, ?@><KG0; 030@, ?KB0OAL ?>25@=CBL 3>;>2C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K?>?0; 2:0?:0=!</p> <p class="lbparmain">-B> 1K;> C65 A;8H:><, =5A<>B@O =0B>, GB> :064>5 A;>2> ?@8G8=O;> AB@040=8O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> & ?@0240?  A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?>94C 8?@8254C <nobr>!-A-A0@48=K</nobr>?  708:0OAL ?@>1>@<>B0;0 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?>GCO; 70?0E :@KA8=>9 ?0=8:8. ;O ?0=8:8 A59G0A =52@5<O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B! !:068&  ?@>?KEB5; >=, & :0:>9& B8?& :0?:0=0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -& M& M&  A:070;0 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ A45;0; 3;C1>:89, >16830NI89 24>E.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>4C<09</em>, BK& =5AG0AB=K9 3048;LI8:!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -, M& >=25AL @602K9& M& @C3>< @602G8=0! >E>65 =0& M& <>65B 1KBL& <em>!?8=>;><</em>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">0A?8=>9 030@0 @0740;AO A:@51CI89 72C:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0! /AG8AB8;0 @602G8=C 7C10<8! "CB =0?8A0=> <em>!?8=>;>< >45;L >48=, @0BLO LN465=B</em>, AM@!</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?>?KB0;AO 4C<0BL ?>4 2A5 CA8;820NI8<AO C60A=K< 402;5=85<.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>45;L >48=? !B0@L5! <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> 87=0G0;0 2@5<5=! !0<K9 AB0@K9, GB> >=2845;, 1K; <em>#;CGH5==K9 !?8=>;><, >45;L A5<L</em>! ?><>GL 5<C <>65B B>;L:> 8B0B5;L=0O, ?>;=0O <em>4@;;B</em> AG5BK@L<O ;52K<8 ;0?0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K2848HL& :0:& ?  =0G0; >=, =>BCB C=53> ?5@54 3;070<8 7063;8AL 103@>2K5 >3=8, >3@><=K9 BC==5;L 103@>2>3> A25B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>?KB0;AO A=>20 8?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> C?;K205B :A25BC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K& 2848HL& :0:& ?@C68=0& ?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB 2A5 ?@>@6025;>, AM@!  @0740;AO ?0=8:CNI89 3>;>A.  >E>65, >==52>72@0B=>3> 459AB28O, :0: =0<em>>;LH>< CA0:5 65=:8=A0 865=:8=A0</em>, AM@, =>BCB =0:>=F5 =5BC :@N:0! 'B> 45;05B MB0 45B0;L, AM@? !M@? <em>!M@</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> 1>;L CE>48B. "0: 2>B, :0: MB> ?@>8AE>48B, <5GB0B5;L=> ?>4C<0; >=.  #65 A;8H:>< ?>74=>. =0 70?0=8:C5B 8C1568B. -B> B>, GB> <K45;05<. >340 C=0A =5?@8OB=>AB8, <K7018205<AO 2?5@2CN ?>?02HCNAO 4K@C. >2A5 C65 =58<55B 7=0G5=8O. :>=F5 :>=F>2, >:07K205BAO, <em>MB></em> 459AB28B5;L=> ?>E>65 =0A>=. 8>G5< =5=04> 2>;=>20BLAO. G5=L ?@8OB=>, ?@0240. <>65B 1KBL BCB 459AB28B5;L=> <em>5ABL</em> >;LH0O @KA0, 82CI0O ;C1>:> >4 5<;59. >B 1K;>1K A;02=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=1;065==> ?;K; 2B5?;>9 B8H8=5. "CB ?@>8AE>48;8 ?;>E85 25I8, =>>=8 B5?5@L 40;5:>, 81>;LH5 =58<5NB 7=0G5=8O& </p> <p class="lbparmain"><C ?>:070;>AL, GB> >=CA;KH0; 70A?8=>9 72C:, :0: 1C4B> :@KA8=K5 :>3>B:8 F0@0?0NB :0<5==K9 ?>;. 025@=>5, C1560;0 8B0B5;L=0O, ?>4C<0;0 G0ABL 53>. 4@C30O G0ABL ?>4C<0;0: =025@=>5, MB> >ABO=0O @KA0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">><KA;L =5?C30;0. "5?5@L 53> =8G53> =5<>3;> 8A?C30BL. A5 ?;>E>5, GB> <>3;> A;CG8BLAO, C65 A;CG8;>AL. =?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> 5A;8 ?>25@=5B 3>;>2C, B><nobr>GB>-B></nobr> C2848B. >;53G5 1K;> ?@>AB> ?;KBL 2MB>< 1>;LH>< B5?;>< ?@>AB@0=AB25.</p> <p class="lbparmain">03@>2K9 A25B =0G0; A3CI0BLAO 4>B5<=> A8=53>, 02F5=B@5 MB>3> A8=53> F25B0 1K; G5@=K9 :@C3.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=2K3;O45; :0: :@KA8=0O =>@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"0: 2>B 345 >=6825B, ?>4C<0; 030@.  -B> =>@0 >;LH>9 @KAK. 0: 2A5 ?@>AB>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">!25@:0NI0O 15;0O B>G:0 ?>O28;0AL 2F5=B@5 =>@K 8=0G0;0 1KAB@> C25;8G820BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">2>B 845B 8>=A0<, >;LH0O @KA0 4>;6=0 7=0BL <em><=>3></em>. =B5@5A=>, GB> >=<=5 A:065B?</p> <p class="lbparmain">!25B AB0; 1>;LH5 8=0A0<>< 45;5 AB0; ?>E>6 =0:@KAC.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0: AB@0==>, ?@8H;> 23>;>2C 030@C, :>340 A8=89 F25B ?>G5@=5;, C7=0BL, GB> 2A5 MB> ?@0240. CGB>65, 0940 2=>@& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0740;AO HC<. =70?>;=8; A>1>9 25AL <8@. C60A=0O 1>;L 25@=C;0AL. >;LH0O @KA0 70:@8G0;0 3>;>A>< 8B0B5;L=>9:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?5@53@K7;0 ?@C68=C, AM@! /?5@53@K7;0 ?@C68=C! =0 1K;0 AB0@0O 8A;010O! 025@=>5 ?>MB><C 20A =5?5@5@C18;> =0?>?>;0<, AM@! K<5=O A;KH8B5, AM@? 030@? !M@? /?5@53@K7;0 ?@C68=C =0?>?>;0<, AM@! K2A5 5I5 <5@B2K, AM@? !M@?</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 A?@K3=C; A>ABC;0, A602 :C;0:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>:@09=59 <5@5 MB> 704C<K20;>AL :0: ?@K6>:. ><nobr>345-B></nobr> =0?>;?CB8 ?@K6>: ?@52@0B8;AO 215AA8;L=>5 H0B0=85. @KA>;>2 BO65;> CA5;AO =075<;N, >1E20B82 682>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , =5B. , =5B. /<em>7=0;</em>, GB> CG0O AB@0==K9 ?@82:CA&  ?@>1>@<>B0; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B>@>9 @KA>;>2 ?>H5; <nobr>1;54=>-75;5=K<8</nobr> ?OB=0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> E2K<0;5=L:85 304:85&  =0G0; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4065 =54C<09B5 =0=0A =0?0ABL, ?@54>AB5@53;0 0;8H0.  =0G5 2K>BAN40 =8:>340 =52K945B5. K>B1>;8 ?@>AB> <>65< 701KBL :C40 ?>;>68;8 <em>?@>B82>O485</em>. C20A =0MB> ?@>AB> =5BC <em>2@5<5=8</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 ?>?KB0;AO ?>4=OBLAO, =>53> =>38 >B:070;8AL 2MB>< CG0AB2>20BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> MB> 1K; 70O4?  ?@>1>@<>B0; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >70?0EC >=:0: B>B, GB> :@KAK =07K20NB ><5@ "@8, >B25B8; 8B.  =1K; 2?0:5B5 A=04?8ALN <em>#18209:0</em>!!!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KAK =07K20NB 53> ><5@ "@8?  A?@>A8; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 <=>3> 7=0NB >O40E, >B25B8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=8 GB>, @0AA:070;8 B515 >?@>B82>O488?  =5C=8<0;AO B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 7K@:=C; =0=53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K65 <em>A;KH0;8</em>, :0: >=8 3>2>@8;8, 8;;. O<5, ?><=8HL?</p> <p class="lbparmain">=A=>20 273;O=C; =08B0 8?>:0G0; 3>;>2>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5, A:070; >=.  "K=52K3;O48HL :0: <0;LG8:, :>B>@K9 <>65B E;04=>:@>2=> >B@028BL G5;>25:0& .</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :0: =0AG5B <5=O?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0, =0:;>=OOAL 2?5@54.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 <>65B! =0 <em><>65B</em>!  2K:@8:=C; B>@>9 @KA>;>2, CF5?82H8AL 70@C:C A2>53> :>;;538.  =0 <em>C60A=0</em>. A5 B0: 3>2>@OB!</p> <p class="lbparmain">=>?OBL >1E20B8; 682>B 8A>AB>=>< =0:;>=8;AO 2?5@54.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "KC?><O=C; >?@>B82>O488?  A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.  >?@>B82 #18209:8 =5BC ?@>B82>O48O!!!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> O3>2>@N, GB> 5ABL, A:070; 8B.  @KAK =0H;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B>@>9 @KA>;>2 C?0; =0:>;5=8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >60;C9AB0, N=K9 AM@! ><8;>A5@4AB2C9! A;8 =5@048 <5=O, B>E>BO1K @048 <>59 4>@>3>9 65=K 8<>8E G5BK@5E >G0@>20B5;L=KE 45B>:! 0: >=8 1C4CB 157 4>@>3>3> ?0?>G:8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K65 =565=0B, A:070;0 0;8H0.  CB51O =5BC 45B59!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >>4=064K O<>3C 70E>B5BL 65=8BAO!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> A;CG8;>AL AB>9 :@KA>9, :>B>@CN 2K701@0;8?  A?@>A8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 57 ?>=OB8O, AM@. @KA0 2H;O?5 ?@K3=C;0 A:@KH8, AE20B8;0 558C;5B5;0!  ?@>1>@<>B0; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.  ?>B>< <em>4@C30O</em> >3@><=0O :@KA0 A?CAB8;0AL 2O<C, =0>@0;0 =02A5E, C:CA8;0 6M:> 70=5?@>87=>A8<>5 <5AB>, 2K?@K3=C;0 ?@O<> 87O<K 8A45;0;0 =>38!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >E>65, GB> AB2>8<8 :@KA0<8 2A5 2?>@O4:5, A:070;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /5I5 =570:>=G8;, 2>7@078; 8B, K<em>>12>@>2K20;8</em> 2A5E 8A20;820;8 =0:@KA, B0:?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0! "0: 81K;>! 0! @87=05<AO!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> KC1820;8 :@KA, B8E> A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>;>20 5@2>3> @KA>;>20 @57:> ?>25@=C;0AL. MB>< 3>;>A5 1K;8 7=0:><K5 5<C 8=B>=0F88. =A;KH0; B0:85 3>;>A0 CO<K. =>340 >=8 BCB ?>O2;O;8AL, B@0=68@K 21>30B> C:@0H5==KE :0<7>;0E. =8 ?CB5H5AB2>20;8 ?>3>@0<, 682O 70AG5B ?0@8, 88=>340 C1820O A?><>ILN =>659. #=8E 1K; >A>1K9 273;O4 8>A>10O 8=B>=0F8O 3>;>A0. E=07K20;8 <nobr>465=B;L<5=K-C189FK</nobr>. "0:8< ;CGH5 =5?5@5E>48BL 4>@>3C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 40, ?@0240, <K45;0;8 MB>, ?@>4>;60; 1>@<>B0BL B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> AB>@>6=55, 8;;, ?@54C?@548; 53> 5@2K9 @KA>;>2, =5A?CA:0O A>@8A0 273;O40.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>G5<C</em> 2KMB> 45;0;8?  A?@>A8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B>@>9 @KA>;>2 ?5@525; 273;O4 A>A2>53> 1>AA0 =00;8HC, ?>B>< =08B0, A;>2=> ?KB0OAL >?@545;8BL, :B> ?C305B 53> 1>;LH5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, >= A:070;, GB> :@KAK <em>2A5 @02=></em> 2>@CNB 54C, ?@>3>2>@8; >=.  =0G8B& A:070; >=, 5A;8 <K871028<AO >B2A5E :@KA 8CB0I8< 54C A0<8, B>MB>, =C, =51C45B <em>2>@>2AB2><</em>, =5B0:;8? >;LH5 ?>E>65 =0& <em>?5@5@0A?@545;5=85</em>. "CB 5ABL >48= B8?, :>B>@>3> 7=05B >=. =?@8E>48B =0?0@CA=>9 10@65 2?>;=>GL 8?;0B8B =0<& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 4LO2>;LA:0O ;>6L!  2K:@8:=C; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2. ?>B>< ?>A<>B@5; B0:, 1C4B> 53> <nobr>2>B-2>B</nobr> AB>H=8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >2K;>28;8 :@KA 682L5< 8=01820;8 8<8 :;5B:8, 45@60 8EB0< 157 54K, ?@>4>;68; 8B.  -B8 :@KAK ?8B0;8AL :@KA0<8. 0G5< 2KMB> 45;0;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">5@2K9 @KA>;>2 CE20B8;AO 70682>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /GC2AB2CN, GB> A><=>9 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> ?@>8AE>48B!  A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "515 :065BAO!  >B@570; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @0240?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0. K@0725 <em>=8G53></em> =57=05B5 >O40E, :>B>@K5 8A?>;L7C5B5? "2>9 65;C4>: =5=0G=5B @0AB2>@OBAO 5I5 ?>:@09=59 <5@5 4204F0BL <8=CB.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> #EBK!  A:070;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?>A;5 MB>3>, ?@>4>;68; 8B, 5A;8 BK70E>G5HL 2KA<>@:0BLAO, B2>9 <>73& =C, A:065<, B515 ?>=04>18BAO >G5=L <em>1>;LH>9</em> =>A>2>9 ?;0B>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 74>@>2>!  A:070;0 0;8H0, :>?0OAL 2A2>59 AC<:5.  /MB> 70?8HC!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?>B><, 5A;8 BK& 2>1I5<, 2BC0;5B ;CGH5 =5E>48BL, 2>B 82A5. 5A?@0H8209 ?>G5<C. @>AB> =5=04>. A5 70:>=G8BAO 2B5G5=85 G0A0, 708A:;NG5=85< A;878.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 1KAB@> AB@>G8;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 AB0=CB A:;87:8<8?  A?@>A8;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> G5=L, >B25B8; 8B, =5A2>4O 273;O40 A<C6G8=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >MB> 15AG5;>25G=>!  2K:@8:=C; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> >G5=L G5;>25G=>, A:070; 8B.  -B> <em>G@572KG09=></em> G5;>25G=>. >2A5< <8@5 =5BC 725@O, :>B>@K91K 45;0; A4@C38<8 682K<8 ACI5AB20<8 B>, GB> 20H O445;05B A:@KA0<8 :064K9 45=L. <em>B5?5@L @0AA:068B5 <=5 >:@KA0E 2:;5B:0E</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B AB@C8;AO ?>;8FC ?><>I=8:0 :@KA>;>20. =2K3;O45; B0:, 1C4B> B>65 ?>?0; 2:0?:0=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, :@KA>;>2K 2A5340 ;>28;8 :@KA 4;O :@KA8=KE O<, ?@>AB>=0; >=.  >?>;=8B5;L=0O ?@81K;L. 2MB>< =5B =8G53> ?;>E>3>! A5340 MB8< 70=8<0;8AL! "0: :0: 4;O O<K =C6=K 1K;8 =>2K5 :@KAK, <K8E@072>48;8. K1K;8 2K=C645=K MB> 45;0BL! 2@540 2B><, GB> <KA:0@<;820;8 8<<5@B2KE :@KA 87O<K =8:0:>3> =5B. A5 7=0NB, GB> :@KAK 54OB :@KA, 5A;8 C40;8BL 75;5=CN ABC45=8ABCN HBC:C! ?>B><& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> ? "CB 5ABL 5I5 8?>B><?  B8E> A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >= 3>2>@8;, GB> 5A;8 <K?>;CG8< ?>B><AB2> >BB5E :@KA, GB> 2K68;8 2O<5, =C, B5E :>B>@K< C40;>AL 871560BL A>10GL8E 7C1>2, <K2K2545<1;LH8E, ;CGH8E :@KA, ?>=8<05B5?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> <em>=0CG=></em>, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :0:>9 2MB>< A<KA;?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, <8AA, <K& >= A:070;& <K?>4C<0;8& O?>4C<0;& <K?>4C<0;8, GB>& =C, MB> =51C45B <em>>1<0=><</em>, 5A;8 <K2<5AB5 A>1K:=>25==K<8 :@KA0<8 2K?CAB8< =5A:>;L:> 459AB28B5;L=> A8;L=KE :@KA, >A>15==> 5A;8 A><=5205<AO =0AG5B A>10:8. 0:>9 2MB>< 2@54? 0AB =0< D>@C, :>340 45;> 4>945B 4>?0@8. /4C<0;& >=4C<0;& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> >E>65, BK=5<=>3> A><=5205HLAO, GLO MB> 1K;0 845O?  A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 3>, 2<5AB5 2K?0;8;8 :@KA>;>2K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>O</em>, A:070; 3>;>A 2>@8A>2>9 3>;>25. B=5>6840==>AB8 B>B GCBL =5A20;8;AO A10;:8.  <em>">, GB> =5C18205B =0A, 45;05B =0A A8;L=55</em>, A:070; 3>;>A 0C:0.  <em>!8;L=59H55 ?>:>;5=85</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">-"> 5ABL BKE>G5HL A:070BL, ?@>BO=C;0 0;8H0, GB> 5A;81K 745AL =51K;> :@KA>;>2>2, BCB 1K;>1K <em><5=LH5</em> :@KA? =0 70<>;:;0, A:;>=82 3>;>2C =01>:.  5B, MB> =5?@028;L=>. 2CG8B =5?@028;L=>. "CB 5ABL <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 5I5. 'B> B>, >G5< BK=0< =5A:070;. -B8 :@KAK 2:;5B:0E& MB> AC<0AH5AB285, 157C<85& </p> <p class="lbparmain">!:>@> 8OB0:8< AB0=C, ?>4C<0; >@8A, AMB8< C60A=K< 3>;>A>< 2<>59 3>;>25.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5=O A59G0A 2K@25B, A:070; 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.  5=O A59G0A, A59G0A& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5=04>, A:070; 8B, =01;N40O 70B>@K< @KA>;>2><.  "515 MB> =5?>=@028BAO. B0:, 8AB5@ ><>I=8: @KA>;>20?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !?@>A8 8E, GB> 24@C3>< ?>420;5, A:070; >@8A. =A:070; MB> 1KAB@>, ?>B><C GB> GC2AB2>20;, :0: 3>;>A 0C:0 ?KB05BAO >AB0=>28BL 53>, 4065 A59G0A, E>BO D@070 C65 2K;5B5;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> GB>65 24@C3>< ?>420;5?  A?@>A8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , ?@>AB> AB0@K9 E;0<, AB0@K5 :;5B:8 82A5 B0:>5&  A:070; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> 5I5?  =0AB0820; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @>AB>& ?@>AB>& B0<&  @>B :@KA>;>20 >B:@K20;AO 870:@K20;AO. ;070 2K?CG8;8AL.  5<>3C A:070BL, >B25B8; >=.  -MM. "0< =8G53> =5B. 0, B>G=>. "0< =8G53> =5B, :@><5 AB0@KE :;5B>:. , 85I5 70@070. 5E>48B5 BC40, ?>B><C GB> B0< 70@070. >B ?>G5<C 20< =5AB>8B BC40 E>48BL, ?>=OB=>? <nobr>7-70</nobr> 70@07K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =2@5B, A:070;0 0;8H0.  54048< <em>5<C</em> ?@>B82>O48O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /1K; 2K=C645= MB> A45;0BL, ?@>AB>=0; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.  C6=> 1K;> A>740BL >4=>3> 4;O 2ABC?;5=8O 28;L48N!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> 38;L459A:89 A5:@5B, ?5@518; 53> 5@2K9 @KA>;>2.  K<em>=52K405<</em> 38;L459A:85 A5:@5BK.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=70<>;G0; 82F5?8;AO 2A2>9 C@G0I89 682>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> 20< =C6=> 1K;> A45;0BL?  A?@>A8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KA8=>3> :>@>;O!  2K?0;8; B>@>9 @KA>;>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KA8=>3> <em>:>@>;O</em>?  O728B5;L=> ?5@5A?@>A8; 8B.  0:>3> 5I5 :@KA8=>3> :>@>;O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /& O. O.  ?@>1>@<>B0; :@KA>;>2.  @5:@0B8, O& O& O=5E>GC&  ?>53> ;8FC 1560;8 A;57K.  K& /A45;0; :@KA8=>3> :>@>;O. @5:@0B8& ?@5:@0B8& ?@5:@0B8& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5I5 682>9?  A?@>A8;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B 287C<;5=88 ?>25@=C;AO :=59.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>BK</em> >=8E 7=05HL?  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O4>< ;560; B>;ABK9 1C<06=K9 :C;5:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">25@L 70<C6G8=0<8 70E;>?=C;0AL. =8 CA;KH0;8 :0: ?>4 =55 7018;8 :CA>: 45@520.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "CB 4>AB0B>G=> ?@>B82>O48O 4;O >4=>3> G5;>25:0, @0740;AO 3>;>A 8B0, ?@83;CH5==K9 425@LN.  >OC25@5=, GB> 2KA<>65B5 @5H8BL MBC ?@>1;5<C& G5;>25G=K< A?>A>1><.</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">030@ ?KB0;AO 2>AAB0=>28BL 4KE0=85. <C :070;>AL, GB> MB>3> =8:>340 =5A;CG8BAO, 4065 5A;8 >=1C45B 4KH0BL 3>4 =0?@>;5B. >:@C3 53> A?8=K 83@C48 >3=5< 3>@5;> :>;LF> 1>;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> C4828B5;L=>!  2>A:;8:=C;0 8B0B5;L=0O.  ">;L:> GB> 2K;560;8 <5@B2K< 2;>2CH:5, 0B5?5@L >?OBL 682K!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8B0B5;L=0O?  >AB>@>6=> A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> />G5=L B515& ?@87=0B5;5=, ?@>4>;60O >B4C20BLAO, A:070; 030@, =>, ?>60;C9AB0, =51C4L 3;C?>9. @C68=0 @0ABO=C;0AL 8>A;01;0& 7C1K ?>@6025;8 870BC?8;8AL. >B 82A5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >C20A A;54K >B7C1>2 ?>2A5<C B5;C! 7:0?:0=>2 =8:B> @0=LH5 =52K18@0;AO, :@><5 8AB5@>2 28:8, 0254L >=8 A45;0=K 87@578=K!</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ ;87=C; A2>9 682>B. 8B0B5;L=0O 1K;0 ?@020. =2K3;O45; ?5@D>@8@>20==K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =5 ?@>AB> ?>257;>, A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8:B> 87:@KA =8:>340 =52K18@0;AO 87:0?:0=0 682L5<, ?>2B>@8;0 8B0B5;L=0O.  2K2845;8 >;LHCN @KAC?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >3>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >;LHCN @KAC!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , BK>1MB><, A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=E>B5; 4>1028BL 5B, O=58=B5@5ACNAL MB8<8 3;C?>ABO<8, =>>AB0=>28; A51O. =2A?><=8; A25B 2?5@548, :>B>@K9 A<5=8;AO <@0:><. "0< 1K;> =5B0: C68?;>E>. =?@0:B8G5A:8 60;5; >B><, GB> 8B0B5;L=0O 53> 2KB0I8;0. "0<, 2;>2CH:5, 1>;L 1K;0 <nobr>345-B></nobr> 40;5:>. "0< =5=C6=> 1K;> ?@8=8<0BL =5;53:85 @5H5=8O. >=>AB0=>28;AO =0B><, GB> A?@>A8;: A:>@>:>< 2A5 2?>@O4:5?.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @>45 B>3>. /8<5N 2284C, <K=5=0H;8 A<5@B5;L=KE @0=. !=8< 1K20;> 8?>EC65. >, 2A565, >=1K; >G5=L AB0@. >GB8 B@8 3>40.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K;?  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"0:65, :0: 8;N48.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ =5<=>3> 7=0; >?825, B0: :0: 5<C ?@8E>48;>AL 70=8<0BLAO A2>8< 45;>< ?>4 ?82=K<8 8?82>20@=O<8. @KAK G0AB> C482;O;8AL, ?>G5<C ;N4O< 8=>340 =@028BAO >B:;NG0BL A2>9 @07C<. ;O :@KA, 682CI8E 2F5=B@5 ?0CB8=K 8770?0E>2, 72C:>2 8A25B0, 2MB>< =51K;> A<KA;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"5?5@L65 4;O 030@0 845O =51K;0 B0: C6=5?@82;5:0B5;L=0. !<KA; 2B><, GB> =02@5<O 2K<>65B5 701KBL >?@>1;5<0E, 3>;>20 C20A =53C48B >BBO65;KE <KA;59& =C, MB> 2K3;O48B 4>AB0B>G=> ?@82;5:0B5;L=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">==5<=>3>5 ?><=8; 87A2>59 687=8 4>7<5=5=8O, =>1K; C25@5= 2B><, GB> >=0 =51K;0 B0:>9 <em>A;>6=>9</em>. , =5?@8OB=>AB8 ?@>8AE>48;8, ?>B><C GB> 687=L =0>AB@85 4>2>;L=> =5?@>AB0. >:>340 >=8 70:0=G820;8AL, >=8 70:0=G820;8AL, 8702B@0 =0ABC?0; =>2K9 45=L.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK =54C<0;8 >702B@0H=5< 4=5. K;> ?@>AB> <nobr>:0:>5-B></nobr> A;01>5 >ICI5=85, <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> <>65B ?@>87>9B8. -B> =51K;> <em><KH;5=85<</em>. 51K;> ?>=OB89 E>@>H> 8?;>E>, ?@028;L=> 8=5?@028;L=>. =8 AB0;8 <em>=>2K<8</em> 845O<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">458! >B G5< B5?5@L AB0; 8E<8@! >;LH85 2>?@>AK 81>;LH85 >B25BK, >687=8, >B>< :0: 55?@>68BL 82G5< 55A<KA;. >2K5 8458 70?>;>=8;8 53> CAB0;CN 3>;>2C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">A@548 2A5E 8459, 2A0<>< F5=B@5 3>;>2K, >=C2845; D83C@:C ?0A=KE >1>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ =8:>340 >A>1> =5@073>20@820; A<0;5=L:>9 15;>9 :@KA>9 8;8 AA0<>G:>9, :>B>@0O 1530;0 70=8< 8@8A>20;0 87>1@065=8O 25I59, >:>B>@KE >=4C<0;. 030@C =@028;8AL <em>?@0:B8G=K5</em> ;8G=>AB8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B5?5@L >=?>4C<0;: >=65 >E>B=8: 70;>2CH:0<8! "0:>965 :0: 8O! =845B 2?5@548 =0A, =0E>48B >?0A=K5 8458, >14C<K205B 8E, 870:;NG05B 8E2A;>20, 45;05B 8E157>?0A=K<8 8?>:07K205B =0< ?CBL G5@57 =8E.</p> <p class="lbparmain">==0< <em>=C65=</em>& >==0< =C65= <em>A59G0A</em>. =0G5 <K1C45< 1530BL ?>:@C3C, :0: :@KAK 21>G:5& </p> <p class="lbparmain">=0G8B5;L=> ?>765, :>340 8B0B5;L=0O ?>AB0@5;0 8C=55 ?>O28;AO A54>9 ?CH>: 2>:@C3 <>@4>G:8 8=5<=>3> AB@0==K9 70?0E, >=0 ?@>48:B>20;0 8AB>@8N 8E?>4J5<0, :0: >=0 A;KH0;0, GB> 030@ <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 1>@<>B0; A515 ?>4 =>A. 030@, :>B>@>3> >=0 4>AB0;0 87;>2CH:8, A:070;0 >=0, AB0; 4@C3>9 :@KA>9. 0: 1C4B> 53> <KA;8 70<54;8;8AL, =>2<5AB5 AB5< 2K@>A;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!B@0==55 2A53>, A:070;0 >=0, 1K;> :>340 >=8 =0:>=5F 2A:0@01:0;8AL =010;:C. 030@ C1548;AO, GB> A:>@>:>< 2A5 2?>@O4:5, 0?>B>< ?>4>1@0; A?8G:C, :>B>@CN 59?>:07K20;.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=G8@:=C; 55>AB0@K9 :CA>: 65;570, A:070;0 >=0, 0?>B>< ?@>H5; ?>10;:5 A3>@OI59 A?8G:>9 2@C:0E. =87C O<>3;0 2845BL AB>;?>B2>@5=85, OA;8 AA5=><, @071@>A0==CN 25745 A>;><C, ;N459, :8H0I8E ?@O<> :0:, E0, ?@O<> :0: :@KAK& O?>4C<0;0: 5A;8 2K1@>A8B5 55, <8AB5@, 2B5G5=88 A5:C=4 2A5 70BO=5B 4K<><, 0>=8 70:@K;8 425@8, 8?>:0 MB> ?>9<CB, >:06CBAO ?>9<0=K ?@O<> :0:, E0, 40, ?@O<> :0: :@KAK 21>G:5, 0<K1C45< C65 40;5:> 2:0=0;870F88.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>>=?@>AB> AB>O; B0< 8A<>B@5; 2=87, ?>:0 A?8G:0 =5?>30A;0. >B>< >=?>;>68; 558?><>3 =0< 4>=5AB8 :>@>:0, 8=8:>340 1>;LH5 =5C?><8=0; >1MB>< M?87>45. /A?@>A8;0 53> >=5< ?>765, C65 ?>A;5 A>1KB89 A4C4>G=8:>< 8B0: 40;55, 8>=A:070;  0. @KAK 21>G:5 . >B 82A5, GB> >=A:070;.</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain"> GB> BK=0A0<>< 45;5 ?>4<5H0;0 2A0E0@?  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A?@>A8; 8B, 2718@0OAL =0;5AB=8FC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, ?@54?>;>68<, GB> =0A ?>E8B8;8. @54?>;>68<, GB> <K?>?0;8 =015@53 <>@O. @54?>;>68<, GB> =0A 70E20B8;8 ?8@0BK. #?8@0B>2 >G5=L >4=>>1@07=0O 485B0, <>65B 1KBL ?>MB><C >=8 2A5 2@5<O E>4OB 7;K5. ;8 ?@54?>;>68<, GB> =0< C40;>AL 1560BL, 8<K4>?;K;8 4>15@530, 8>:070;8AL =0>AB@>25, =0:>B>@>< =5@0AB5B =8G53>, :@><5 :>:>A>2. :>:>AK >G5=L 2O6CB.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, =>254L& 254L& <>65B A;CG8BAO 2A5 <em>GB> C3>4=></em>! 5A;8 4C<0BL :0: BK, B>70:>=G8HL B5<, GB> =0G=5HL 70?8E820BL 2AC<:C 2A5 ?>4@O4, 2=045645 GB> >=> <>65B ?@83>48BAO!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B ?>G5<C MB> B0:0O 1>;LH0O AC<:0, A?>:>9=> >B25B8;0 0;8H0, 2K18@0OAL 87;N:0 8>B@OE820OAL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8B 274>E=C;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !:>;L:> BK8<40;0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =>3>. >A=8<8 1C45B 2A5 2?>@O4:5, 5A;8 >=8 =5?@8<CB A;8H:>< <=>3> ?@>B82>O48O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> GB> BK8<40;0 2:0G5AB25 ?@>B82>O48O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0A:0@C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0;8H0, BK=5>G5=L E>@>H89 G5;>25:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @0240? <em>BK</em> E>B5; 8E>B@028BL <em>=0AB>OI8<</em> O4><. 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A:070;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 >1<0=C;8 =0A 2:@KA8=>9 O<5!  ?@>:@8G0; AB>O2H89 70=8< G5;>25:, >A<5;52H89, <em>?>B><C GB></em> <564C =8< 80;8H59 <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 1K;.  =8 =025@=O:0 <em>4@5AA8@>20;8</em> MB8E :@KA! 4=0 87=8E ;5B0;0 =025@52>G:5!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 4@C30O C:CA8;0 <>53> 6M:> 70& 70& 70=5C?><8=05<>5 <5AB>!  A:070; :B> B>, AB>OI89 7=0G8B5;L=> 40;LH5.  53>2>@8B5, GB> >=8 =5=04@5AA8@>20;8 55A45;0BL MB>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> O2845;0 A53>4=O CB@>< :@KAC 2H;O?5, A:070;0 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !53>4=O 2>:@C3 ?>O28;>AL A;8H:>< <=>3> AB@0==KE :@KA, A:070; 4@C3>9 G5;>25:.  >O <0<0 A:070;0, GB> 2845;0, :0: :@KA0 <em>B0=F520;0</em> =0:CE>==KE ?>;:0E! :>340 <>9 454CH:0 ?@>A=C;AO 8?>?KB0;AO 27OBL A2>8 2AB02=K5 7C1K, :@KA0 <em>C:CA8;0</em> 53> 8<8. #:CA8;0 53> A>1AB25==K<8 7C10<8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 GB>, 2AB028;0 8EA515 2@>B?  C4828;0AL 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, ?@>AB> I5;:=C;0 8<8 22>74CE5! 65=I8=0, 682CI0O =0=0H59 C;8F5, >B:@K;0 425@L 2:;04>2:C 8C2845;0, GB> :@KAK ?;020NB 2G0H:5 A>A;82:0<8. @8G5< >=8 =5?@>AB> ?;020;8! E=025@=O:0 <em>4@5AA8@>20;8</em>. =8 45;0;8 2A52>7<>6=K5 D83C@K, =K@O;8 8<0E0;8 22>74CE5 =>30<8, 82A5 B0:>5!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K8<55HL 2284C <em>A8=E@>==>5</em> ?;020=85?  A:070;0 0;8H0.  :B> B5?5@L @0AA:07K205B A:07:8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K<em>C25@5=0</em>, GB> =57=05HL, :C40 45;8AL MB8 ;N48?  ?>4>7@8B5;L=> A?@>A8; ?@542>48B5;L.  0< A:070;8, GB> >=8 =0?@028;8AL 2MBC AB>@>=C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 70:0B8;0 3;070.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, 40, A:070;0 >=0.  =8 1K;8 745AL, 83>2>@OI89 :>B ?><>3 =0< =0:>@<8BL 8EO4><. B5?5@L >=8 70:@KBK 2?>420;5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">'5;>25: 1@>A8; =0=55 273;O4.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, ;04=>, A:070; >=, ?>2>@0G820OAL.  A;8 8EC2848HL, ?5@5409, GB> <K8E8I5<, E>@>H>?</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;8H0 70E;>?=C;0 425@L.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> C60A=>, :>340 B515 =525@OB, A:070;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B5?5@L @0AA:068 <=5 >:@KA8=KE :>@>;OE, ?>?@>A8; 8B.</p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 10</strong></p> <blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph">:>340 A3CAB8;0AL B5<=>B0, 8AB5@ 09:8= 2A?><=8;,<br/>GB> 2"5<=>< 5AC 5ABL <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> C60A=>5.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">>G5<C OMB> 45;0N? A?@0H820; A51O >@8A, ?@>B8A:820OAL G5@57 B@C1C.  >BK <em>=5A>740=K</em> 4;O B0:>3>!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B><C GB> 24CH5 <K4>1@K5, ?>4A:070;0 53> A>25ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C, O=5B, ?>4C<0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"><nobr>>>1I5-B></nobr> 25@=>, A:070;0 A>25ABL.  ><K65 =5E>B8< >1MB>< @0AA:07K20BL ?0A=K< >10<, ?@0240? 0;5=L:89 4@>60I89 =>A8:? <em>=</em> 4C<05B, GB> <K 35@>9!</p> <p class="lbparmain">C, O=5B, ?>4C<0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">">340 ?>G5<C65 <K?>;75< ?>4 75<;59, ?KB0OAL 53> =09B8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">C, <em>>G5284=></em>, ?>B><C, GB> >=:@KA0 A1>;LH>9 <5GB>9 >:@KA8=>< >AB@>25, 157 =53> :@KAK =51C4CB A>B@C4=8G0BL, 8<=5 =51C4CB ?;0B8BL, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">><K65 <em>:>B</em>! 0G5< :>BC =C6=K 45=L38?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B><C GB> C<5=O 5ABL 5=A8>==K9 ;0=, ?>4C<0; >@8A.  =5 C65 G5BK@5 3>40! 0: B>;L:> O=0A>18@0N A>AB>O=85, <=51K CNB=K9 4>< A1>;LH8< :0<8=>< 8<8;>9 AB0@>9 ;548, :>B>@0O 1C45B <=5 4020BL A;82:8 :064K9 45=L. /2A5 ?@>4C<0;, :064CN 45B0;L.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>?>G5<C >=0 =0A ?@8NB8B? B=0A ?;>E> ?0E=5B, C=0A @20=K5 CH8, <K?>4F5?8;8 =0=>3C <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> =5?@8OB=>5 8>=> G5H5BAO, <K2K3;O48< B0:, :0: 1C4B> =0A <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> ?8=0; 2;8F>& ?>G5<C AB0@0O ;548 2>7L<5B =0A 2<5AB> ?CH8AB>3> <0;5=L:>3> :>B5=:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain">30! >254L G5@=K5 :>BK ?@8=>AOB <em>C40GC</em>, ?>4C<0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@0240? C, <K=5E>B8< 1KBL ?5@2K<, :B> A>>1I8B 4C@=CN 25ABL, =><K=5G5@=K9! K<nobr>3@O7=>-?>;>A0B>3></nobr> F25B0!</p> <p class="lbparmain">ABL B0:0O HBC:0, :0: :@0A:0, ?>4C<0; >@8A. 0@0 ?0:5B>2 G5@=>9 :@0A:8, =0<8=CB>G:C 7045@60BL 4KE0=85, 8?@825B, @K10 8A;82:8, 4>:>=F0 <>59 687=8. 5?;>E>9 ?;0=, ?@0240?</p> <p class="lbparmain">GB> 45;0BL AC40G59? A?@>A8;0 A>25ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">! -B> 35=80;L=0O G0ABL. A;8 G5@=K9 :>B :064K9 <5AOF 8;8 >:>;> B>3> =0E>48B ?>7>;>B>9 <>=5B5, @0725 2K=5A:065B5, GB> MB>B :>B ?@8=>A8B C40GC?</p> <p class="lbparmain">!>25ABL 70<>;G0;0. 025@=>5, 87C<8;0AL 35=80;L=>AB8 <>53> ?;0=0, A:070; A515 >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>>=4>;65= 1K; ?@87=0BL, GB> 2A>AB02;5=88 ?;0=>2 >=?@5CA?5; 1>;LH5, G5< 2?>475<=>< >@85=B8@>20=88. 5B>, GB>1K >=701;C48;AO, ?>B><C GB> :>BK =8:>340 =5B5@ONBAO. =?@>AB> =57=0;, 345 =0E>48BAO 2A5 >AB0;L=>5. >4 3>@>4>< 1K;> =5B0: C68<=>3> 75<;8. >420;K, @5H5B:8, B@C1>?@>2>4K, 4@52=85 :>;;5:B>@K 8A:;5?K, G0AB8 701KBKE AB@>5=89 AD>@<8@>20;8 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 2@>45 ?G5;8=KE A>B. "CB <>3CB E>48BL 4065 ;N48, ?>4C<0; >@8A. @KA>;>2K B>G=> BCB E>48;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=GC2AB2>20; 2>:@C3 :@KA8=K9 70?0E. 5>:;8:=CBL;8 ?0A=K5 >1K, ?>4C<0;>AL 5<C, =>>=@5H8; MB>3> =545;0BL. @8:8 <>3CB =5B>;L:> ?><>GL 5<C =09B8 <0;5=L:CN :@KAC, =>8, =>840BL 7=0BL& :><C C3>4=>, 345 A59G0A =0E>48BAO >@8A. "51>;LH85 :@KAK 2K3;O45;8, =C, 1>;LH8<8 8<5@7:8<8. !=8<8 1C45B BO65;> A?@028BAO 4065 3;C?>9 A>10:5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=>:070;AO 2<0;5=L:>< :204@0B=>< BC==5;5 A>A28=F>2K<8 B@C10<8. !;KH0;AO A28AB CE>4OI53> ?0@0, BCB 8B0< B5?;0O 2>40 :0?0;0 2:0=02C, ?@>E>4OICN ?>?>;C BC==5;O. 04 3>;>2>9 =0E>48;0AL @5H5B:0, 254CI0O =0C;8FC. '5@57 =55 ?@>1820;AO A;01K9 A25B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>40 2:0=025 :070;0AL G8AB>9. >:@09=59 <5@5 <>6=> 1K;> C2845BL 4=>. >@8A E>B5; ?8BL. ==0:;>=8;AO, 2KAC=C2 O7K:& </p> <p class="lbparmain">C2845; B>=:CN, O@:> :@0A=CN AB@C9:C, <54;5==> @0AB2>@ONICNAO 22>45& </p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">:>@>: :070;AO >3;CH5==K< 8?>;CA>==K<, =>2A565 =5701K20; 45@60BAO 70E2>AB !0@48=, ?>:0 :@KAK ?@>:;04K20;8 A2>9 ?CBL =0704 >B:>=NH5=. -B> 1K;> <54;5==>5 ?CB5H5AB285. !0@48=K AG8B0;, GB> AB0@0O :@KA0 =5A<>65B C?@028BLAO A15;L52K<8 25@52:0<8. >=8 :@0;8AL 24>;L AB>G=KE :0=02 82>4>AB>:>2, :CB0OAL B>;L:> 2G5@=K9 ?;0I =>G8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>340 >=8 =0:>=5F 4>1@0;8AL 4>?>420;0, B0< C65 A>1@0;>AL =5A:>;L:> :@KA. B><C 2@5<5=8 :>@>:0 C65 ?>445@6820;8 A42CE AB>@>= 030@ 8!0@48=K, ?>B><C GB> >=5;5 ?5@542830; =>38.</p> <p class="lbparmain">?>420;5 3>@5;0 A25G0. -B> C4828;> 030@0. >2?>A;54=89 G0A ?@>87>H;> A;8H:>< <=>3> 2A53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=8 ?>72>;8;8 :>@>:C >?CAB8BAO =0?>;, 345 >=8>AB0;AO ;560BL, BO65;> 4KH0. 064K9 274>E >B4020;AO 4@>6LN 253> B5;5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> O4, H5D?  ?@>H5?B0; !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, MB> ?@>AB> >:070;>AL 4;O =53> G5@5AGC@, >B25B8; 030@.  @>AB> G5@5AGC@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">:>@>: >B:@K; >48= 3;07.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /& 2A5& 5I5& 2>60:?  A?@>A8; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@, >B25B8; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C6=>& ?>A?0BL& </p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ >3;O45; >:@C60NI8E :@KA. =8 <54;5==> A>18@0;8AL 2>:@C3.=2845; :0: >=8 ?5@5H5?BK20NBAO. A5 =0=53> A<>B@5;8. =>3;O45;AO, ?KB0OAL @07;8G8BL 1;54=K9 A8;CMB ?0A=KE >1>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8B0B5;L=0O& A:070;0& GB> BK2845;& =>@C& >;LH>9 @KAK&  A:070; :>@>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 7K@:=C; =08B0B5;L=CN, 8B0?>BC?8;0AL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /2845;& <nobr>:>5-GB></nobr>, A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ">340 OA59G0A :@5?:> CA=C 8& =8:>340 =5?@>A=CAL, A:070; :>@>:. 3> 3>;>20 >?OBL 15AA8;L=> ?>28A;0.  !B0@0O :@KA0& =54>;6=0& B0: C<8@0BL, ?@>1>@<>B0; >=.  ">;L:>& =5B0:. 5& =0A25BC.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 1KAB@> :82=C; !0@48=0<, 8B>B 7030A8; A25GC A2>59 H;O?>9. !K@0O, ?;>B=0O ?>475<=0O B5<=>B0 A><:=C;0AL =04 =8<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 030@, ?@>H5?B0; :>@>:.  /B515 4>;65= <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A:070BL& </p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K =02>AB@8; CH8, GB>1K CA;KH0BL ?@54=07=0G5==K5 030@C ?>A;54=85 A;>20 AB0@>3> 2>60:0. 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A?@>A8; <nobr>:B>-B></nobr>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A;8 25@=5BAO, B>1C45B ?@>AB> 2O@>AB8, 5A;8 <K53> AJ548<, @0740;AO 3>;>A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@>:0B8;AO =5@2=K9 A<5H>:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >A;CH09B5, O=5&  =0G0; 1K;> 030@, =>!0@48=K ?>4B>;:=C; 53> ;>:B5<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0?0@C A;>2, H5D?  A:070; >=, 256;82> ?@8?>4=8<0O A2>N 70:>?G5==CN H;O?C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 40&  030@ =0G0; 2>;=>20BLAO. 8:>340 5I5 AB>;L:> :@KA =5=01;N40;8 70=8< B0: ?@8AB0;L=>. =?@>A;54>20; 70!0@48=0<8 >BB>;?K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K7=05HL, GB> O<nobr>:0:>5-B></nobr> 2@5<O BCA>20;AO 2B50B@5 82A5 B0:>5, =0G0; B>B.  2B50B@5 =018@05HLAO 2AO:8E 25I59. 5;> 2B><, GB>& A;CH09, OE>GC A:070BL, BK65 2>60:, 40? =0G8B B515 =C6=> A51O 25AB8 B0:, :0: 1C4B> BK7=05HL, GB> 45;05HL, E>@>H>? A;8 2>60: =57=05B, GB> >=45;05B, B>MB>3> =57=05B 8=8:B> 4@C3>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /7=0N, GB> 45;0N, B>;L:> :>340 >1572@56820N ;>2CH:8, A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> CE>@>H>, B>340 4C<09 >1C4CI5< :0: >1>3@><=>9 ;>2CH:5, A:070; !0@48=K.  57 AK@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>5<nobr>>G5=L-B></nobr> MB> ?><>65B</em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> BK4>;65= ?>72>;8BL 8<4C<0BL GB> 8<C3>4=> >B515 8& B2>5< H@0<5, A:070; !0@48=K.  >B <>9 A>25B, H5D.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >O65 =5C<8@0;, !0@48=K!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >254L <em><nobr>GB>-B></nobr></em> A;CG8;>AL, =5B0:;8? "KE>B5; B0< 2A5 ?>465GL, O2845;. ><nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A;CG8;>AL AB>1>9 2:0?:0=5. 5A?@0H8209 <5=O, GB> MB> 1K;>, O2A53> ;8HL B0=FCN G5G5B:C. /?@>AB> <0;5=L:0O :@KA0. 2A5340 B0:8< <em>1C4C</em>, 1>AA. >5ABL 5I5 1>;LH85 :@KAK, B0:85 :0: @0AA>;5 8@>40BL4>, 8=5A:>;L:> 4@C38E. "5?5@L, :>340 :>@>: C<5@, >=8 <>3CB ?>4C<0BL, GB> <em>>=8</em> 4>;6=K 1KBL 2>60:0<8. >=8<05HL, :G5<C O254C?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K 274>E=C;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /4C<0N, ?>=8<05HL. C6=K;8 =0< <564>CA>1=K5 A20@K 2B0:>5 2@5<O?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @028;L=>! >, 1;03>40@O <0;5=L:>9 1>;B;82>9 8B0B5;L=>9, BK:@KA0, :>B>@0O 3;O=C;0 2;8F> >ABO=>9 @KA5, 825@=C;0AL =0704, =5B0:;8?..</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, =>>=0& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: <=5 :065BAO, 1>AA, B>B, :B> <>65B ?5@53;O45BL >ABO=CN @KAC& =C, =8:B> =570E>G5B A<em>=8<</em> A2O7K20BLAO, ?@0240? !:@KA>9, :>B>@0O =>A8B A;54K >B7C1>2 >ABO=>9 @KAK, :0: ?>OA? , =5B. 0B0:8< 2>60:>< :@KAK <em>?>94CB</em>. ?>4>1=K5 2@5<5=0 :@KA0< <em>=C65=</em> :B> B>, 70:5< <>6=> A;54>20BL. ">, :0: BK?>ABC?8; A>AB0@8=>9 :>@>:><, ?@>AB> >B;8G=>. @8:070; ?>E>@>=8BL 8?><>G8BAO, 0<em>B0:65</em> ?>AB028BL 7=0:& AB0@K< :@KA0< MB> ?>=@028BAO, 8<>;>4K< B>65. -B> 4>:07K205B, GB> BK701>B8HLAO >1> 2A5E.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K A:;>=8; 3>;>2C =01>: 8CA<5E=C;AO; CA<5H:0 2KH;0 B@52>6=>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ;O6C, ?@845BAO 70B>1>9 ?@8A<0B@820BL, !0@48=K, A:070; 030@.  "K4C<05HL :0: >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 515A?>:>9AO >1> <=5, 1>AA. /<5;:0O :@KA0, <>5 45;> B0=F520BL& >60: 87<5=O =8:0:>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C<0BL 702A5E, ?>4C<0; 030@.  5;0O :@KA0& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 345 ?0A=K5 >1K?  A?@>A8; >=, >3;O4K20OAL.  3> BCB =5B?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 52845; 53>, 1>AA.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>? ==0< =C65=! #=53> 23>;>25 :0@B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0@B0, 1>AA?  7015A?>:>8;AO !0@48=K.  /4C<0;, BK=0@8A>20; :0@BC 23@O78.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5:0@B0, 87>1@060NI0O ?>;>65=85 B>==5;59 8;>2CH5:! 0@B0 B>3>& 345 <K=0E>48<AO 8:C40 845<& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> , BK8<55HL 2284C MB>B GC45A=K9 >AB@>2? 8:>340 2=53> =525@8;, 1>AA.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=57=0N =8>:0:8E >AB@>20E, =0A0<>< 45;5 =57=0N, A:070; 030@.  >, :>340 O1K; 2MB><& <5AB5, O& 2845; >G5@B0=85 8458. 564C ;N4L<8 8:@KA0<8 2A5 2@5<O 1K;0 2>9=0! 9=C6=> ?>;>68BL :>=5F. 745AL, A59G0A, 2MB>< <5AB5, AMB8<8 :@KA0<8& O286C, GB> MB>3> <>6=> 4>18BLAO. >65B 1KBL MB> 548=AB25==>5 2@5<O 8<5AB>, 345 MB> 2>7<>6=>. /286C >G5@B0=8O 8458 2<>59 3>;>25, =>O=5<>3C >1;5GL 552<em>A;>20</em>, ?>=8<05HL? 0< =C6=0 15;0O :@KA0, ?>B><C GB> >=7=05B :0@BC 4;O <KH;5=8O. 0< =C6=> ?@>4C<0BL, :0: 2K1@0BLAO 87=0H59 A8BC0F88. 8A: 8153>B=O 1>;LH5 =5@01>B0NB!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >:0 C20A 2A5 E>@>H> ?>;CG05BAO, 1>AA A:070; B0=F>@, ?>E;>?K20O 53> ?>?;5GC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5 845B =5B0:, A:070; 030@, ?KB0OAL =5:@8G0BL.  ==0< =C65=! =<=5 =C65=!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /A=0@O6C =5A:>;L:> >B@O4>2, 1>AA, 5A;8 2K?>:065B5 <=5, >B:C40 =0G0BL ?>8A:8, <O3:> A:070; !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :0=0;870F88, =540;5:> >B:;5B>:, A:070; 030@.  !=8< 1K; >@8A, 4>1028; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> E>@>H> 8;8 ?;>E>, H5D?  A?@>A8; !0@48=K.  ><=8B5, :0: 2A5340 3>2>@8; :>@>:: K<>65B5 4>25@OBL :>BC B>;L:> 2B><& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> & GB> >=1C45B 25AB8 A51O :0: :>B. 0. /7=0N. %>B5;1K O7=0BL >B25B =0B2>9 2>?@>A, !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!0@48=K ?>4>H5; ?>1;865.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >6=> 7040BL 20< 2>?@>A, H5D?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> :>@>: ?@>H5?B0; 20< ?5@54 A0<>9 A<5@BLN? "09=K5 7=0=8O 2>60:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H89 A>25B A:070; 030@.  %>@>H89 A>25B.</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">>@8A <>@3=C;.G5=L <54;5==> 53> O7K: 2BO=C;AO >1@0B=>. @8602 CH8, >=AB0; :@0ABLAO 24>;L :0=02K, 42830OAL, A;>2=> 270<54;5==>9 AJ5<:5.</p><p class="lbparmain">@O<> ?>4 @5H5B:>9 ;560;> <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A25B;>5. @0A=0O AB@C9:0 BO=C;0AL A25@EC ?>B5G5=8N 8@0745;O;0AL =0425, >1B5:0O <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A25B;>5, GB>1K ?>B>< >?OBL AB0BL >4=>9 28E@OI59AO AB@C59.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@81;8782H8AL, >@8A C2845;, GB> MB> A25@=CBK9 2B@C1>G:C :;>G>: 1C<038, ?@>?8B0==K9 2>4>9 870?OB=0==K9 :@0A=K<. =2K?CAB8; :>3>BL 82K;>28; 53>. ">B H;5?=C;AO =015@53 :0=02K, 0:>340 >@8A 15@56=> @0725@=C; 1C<03C, >=C2845; ?>;C@07<KBK5 @8AC=:8, A45;0==K5 B>;ABK< :0@0=40H><. =7=0;, GB> MB> 70@8AC=:8. 0: B>, :>340 5<C 1K;> =5G5< 70=OBLAO, >=2KCG8; 8E. =8 1K;8 ?@>ABK<8 4>3;C?>AB8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK =54>;6=K& =0G0; >=. 0;LH5 2A5 ?@52@0B8;>AL 2>2;06=CN <5H0=8=C, 2?;>BL 4>A;>2: K=5?>E>68 =04@C38E @KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , =5B, A:070; >=.  =81K =51@>A8;8 MB>, ?@0240? 5@A8:8 =>A8;0AL AMB>9 1C<06:>9, :0: 1C4B> >=0 1K;0 A45;0=0 877>;>B0& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>'B>, 5A;8 O=094C 8E?5@2K<</em>?  A:070; GC6>9 3>;>A 2>@8A>2>9 3>;>25.  <em>;8, <>65B, OC65</em>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A ?>1560;, >A:0;L7K20OAL =02;06=KE :0<=OE =0?>2>@>B0E BC==5;O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>'B> >=8 70AB@0==K5 ACI5AB20, ". @KAK, :>B>@K5 4C<0NB, GB> >=8 =5:@KAK. >65B, OA45;0N :0: BK? >65B, <=5 25AB8 A51O :0: "? >65B, <=5 >AB028BL >4=>3> 87=8E 682K<? <nobr>-"</nobr>  /?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A B8E>=L:> 702K;. 20 BC==5;O ?><5=LH5 >B25B28;8AL A:064>9 AB>@>=K, =>:@0A=0O AB@C9:0 =540;0 A18BLAO A?CB8, 82>B <em>>=></em> ?>4 4@C3>9 @5H5B:>9 22>45 ;560;> B>, GB> 8AB5:0;> :@0A=K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A ?>=8:. =>6840;& G53>? >MB>& MB> 1K;>& MB> 1K;>, 2<nobr>:0:><-B></nobr> A<KA;5, 5I5 <em>EC65</em>. %C65 G53> C3>4=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">01CE=C2 >B2;038, A>G0AL :@0A=K<8 G5@=8;0<8 8768;5B0 C?5@B0 @KA>2A:>3>, 2:0=025 ;560;8 <em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A 70F5?8; :=83C :>3B5<, =>AB@0=8FK 8745H52>9 1C<038 =0G0;8 2K?040BL, >4=0 704@C3>9, 8<54;5==> ?>?;K;8 ?@>GL, :@C60AL 22>45. =8 552K1@>A8;8. <?@8H;>AL C1530BL? ;8& >=8 ?@>AB> 2KH2K@=C;8 55? 0: B0< 3>2>@8; ?0A=K5 >1K? K2A53> ;8HL :@KAK? >=A:070; MB> B0:8< ?5G0;L=K<, 157687=5==K< 3>;>A><& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>45 >=8 B5?5@L, "? >65HL 8E=09B8? C40 B5?5@L 84B8?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">=<>65B 2845BL B>65, GB> 8O, ?>4C<0; >@8A. ==5<>65B G8B0BL <KA;8, =>>=2848B B>, GB> 286C O, 8A;KH8B B>, GB> A;KHC O, 8C=53> =5?;>E> ?>;CG05BAO C304K20BL, GB> O4C<0N& </p> <p class="lbparmain">>=70:@K; 3;070.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>B5<=>B5, "? 0:65 BK1C45HL A@060BLAO A<>8<8 :@KA0<8? "5<8, GB> "?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A @57:> @0725@=C;AO, H8@>:> >B:@K2 3;070. "0< 1K;8 :@KAK, 45AOB:8 :@KA, =5:>B>@K5 @07<5@>< 2<nobr>?>;->@8A0</nobr>. =8 A<>B@5;8 =0=53> A>48=0:>2K< >BACBAB2CNI8< 2K@065=85<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>B;8G=>, ?@>AB> >B;8G=>, "! "KC2845; ?8A:;O2KE ACI5AB2 8=5?@K3=C;! 0: <>65B :>B =0CG8BLAO =51KBL :>B><?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK, :0: >4=0, AHC@H0=85< 428=C;8AL 2?5@54. >@8A A45;0; H03 =0704.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>">;L:> ?@54AB02L MB>, "</em>, ?@>87=5A 3>;>A 0C:0.  <em>@54AB02L <8;;8>=K @07C<=KE :@KA. @KA, :>B>@K5 =5153CB. @KA, :>B>@K5 A@060NBAO. @KA, 8<5NI8E >48= @07C<, >4=C <5GBC. ..</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> 45 BK?  A?@>A8; >@8A 2A;CE.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>!:>@> BK<5=O C2848HL. @>4>;609 84B8, :>B8:. "515 =C6=> 84B8. >AB0B>G=> >B<5=O >4=>3> A;>20, >4=>3> ?@>1;5A:0 <KA;8, 82A5 MB8 :@KAK =0:8=CBAO =0B51O. , BK<>65HL C18BL ?0@>G:C, =>:@KA 2A5340 1>;LH5. @KA 2A5340 1>;LH5.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A ?>25@=C;AO 8>AB>@>6=> H03=C; 2?5@54. @KAK ?>A;54>20;8 70=8<. =@0725@=C;AO. @KAK >AB0=>28;8AL. =>?OBL @0725@=C;AO, A45;0; =5A:>;L:> H03>2, A<>B@O =0704. @KAK A;54>20;8 70=8< :0: =025@52>G:5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>GC2AB2>20; 7=0:><K9 70?0E AB0@0O, 70AB>O2H0OAO 2>40. =<nobr>345-B></nobr> @O4>< A70B>?;5==K< ?>420;><. >=0A:>;L:> >=1;87:>? @O7L 2>=O;0 ?@>B82=59, G5< :>H0GL8 :>=A5@2K. >420; <>65B 1KBL 345 C3>4=>. 025@=>5, =0:>@>B:>9 48AB0=F88 >=A<>65B >1>3=0BL :@KA. @>2>604=K5 :@KAK 70A?8=>9 ?@840NB :@K;LO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">"KE>G5HL C1560BL, GB>1K <em>?><>GL</em> 15;>9 :@KA5? A?@>A8;0 53> A>25ABL.  ;8 BKA>18@05HLAO A1560BL =0@C6C?</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A 2K=C645= 1K; ?@87=0BL, GB> 2K1@0BLAO =0@C6C =8:>340 5I5 =5:070;>AL B0:>9 ?@82;5:0B5;L=>9 84559. 5BC A<KA;0 2B><, GB>1K 2@0BL A515. 54L :@KAK 682CB =5B0: C684>;3>, 4065 >1;040B5;84@>60I8E =>A8:>2& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>=8 C65 1;87:>, ". !K3@05< 283@C? >BK ;N1OB  ",. "K83@0; A@8?@020<8?   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N48, ?@84C<K20NI85 B0:85 8AB>@88, <nobr>:>340-=81C4L</nobr> 2>>1I5 <em>2845;8</em> :@KA?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=57=0N. >65B E2>ABK A:@CG820NBAO, :>340 :@KAK :;C1OBAO 2<5AB5? 3>@>4A:>< <C755 E@0=8BAO :@KA8=K9 :>@>;L 70A?8@B>20==K9 21>;LH>9 10=:5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5@B2K9?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ;8 <5@B25F:8 ?LO=K9. 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K1C45B5 <=5 ",!/. +#!"" :@KA.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<0N, =0< =04> 2K?CAB8BL :@KA, A:070;0 0;8H0.  !;8H:>< 65AB>:> 45@60BL 8E2MB8E B5A=KE :;5B:0E.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /B>65 B>;L:> GB> >1MB>< ?>4C<0;, A:070; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>701C4LB5 >1> <=5. /?@>AB> 3;C?0O A:07:0.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8G=> O4C<0N, GB> :@KA8=K5 :>@>;8 ?@>AB> @>AA:07=8, A:070;0 0;8H0, ?>4E>4O :;N:C 2?>;C 8?>4=8<0O 53>.  -B>B :@KA>;>2 <0;5=L:89 3;C?K9 G5;>25G5:. =2A53> ;8HL B@5?0; O7K:><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /4C<0N, <em>AB>8B</em>;8 =0< 2K?CA:0BL :@KA, 704C<G82> A:070; 8B.  0284 >=8 :070;8AL >G5=L 3>;>4=K<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 =5<>3CB 1KBL EC65 :@KA>;>2>2, ?@0240? ;N1>< A;CG05, A:>@> BCB 1C45B 4C4>G=8:. =8E2A5E 702545B 2@5:C, 8;8 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 2@>45 B>3>& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> @5:C&  ?@>1>@<>B0; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, 8<5==> B0:. 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B0:, <K=57=05<, AG5<&  =0G0; 1K;> >=, =>70<5B8; GB> !0@48=K A;53:0 ?>:0G8205B 3>;>2>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C40. >60:0< =5?>72>;O5BAO =57=0BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>A<>B@5; =0<>;>4K5 272>;=>20==K5 ;8F0 8=0G0; A=0G0;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> =>2>5 >1JO28;>AL BCB, 2=87C, =0G0; >=, 82=570?=> ?>=O;, GB> =C6=> 3>2>@8BL.  0=55 =8:B> B0:>3> =52845;. <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> >?0A=>5. <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> A8;L=>5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK AJ568;8AL >BAB@0E0, 8B>;L:> 8B0B5;L=0O A<>B@5;0 =5=53> 3>@OI8<8 3;070<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> C60A=>5. <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> =>2>5. <nobr>'B>-B></nobr> =5>6840==>5, 030@ ?>40;AO 2?5@54.  MB> <em>2K</em>. K2A5. @KAK A<>730<8. @KAK, :>B>@K5 <>3CB 4C<0BL. @KAK, :>B>@K5 =5C1530NB. @KAK, :>B>@K5 =51>OBAO B5<=>BK, >3=O, HC<0, O4>2 8:0?:0=>2. 8GB> =5<>65B >AB0=>28BL B0:8E :@KA, O?@02?</p> <p class="lbparmain">"5?5@L A;>20 701C@;8;8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> KA;KH0;8 ?@> "5<=K9 5A 87=838? 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A:070;0 >=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>B =51C45B 42830BLAO</em>, ?@>87=5A 3>;>A 0C:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A ?>?KB0;AO, =>53> ;0?K >B:070;8AL 5<C ?>28=>20BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>!B>9 A<8@=>, ". ;8 O?@8:06C B2>8< ;53:8< >AB0=>28BLAO. 848B5, <0;5=L:85 :@KAK? 5=O A;CH05BAO 4065 :>B!</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0. /286C, GB> 2B515 5ABL A8;0, A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K, :@>H5G=K9 2:@C35 A25B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>#<=0O :@KA0. /A;KH0;, :0: BK3>2>@8; A>AB0;L=K<8. "K?>=8<05HL ?@024C. "K7=05HL, GB> <KAB0=>28<AO A8;L=K<8, ?@>B82>AB>O <@0:C. "K7=05HL >B5<=>B5 ?5@54 3;070<8, 8>B5<=>B5, =0E>4OI59AO 703;070<8. "K7=05HL, GB> <K<nobr>A>-B@C4=8G05<</nobr> 8;8 C<8@05<. "K1C45HL& <nobr>!-" #'",</nobr>?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>!>-B@C4=8G0BL</nobr>?  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KE>B8< ?>154K :@KA. @8A>548=O9AO :=0<. <5AB5 <K1C45<& !,+.</em></p> <p class="lbparmain">B25B>< 1K;0 4>;30O B8H8=0. 065 G5@5AGC@ 4>;30O, ?><=5=8N >@8A0. ?>B><& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, B2>5 ?@54;>65=85 >G5=L& 8=B5@5A=>5, A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!>AB>@>=K 5@A8:>2 @0740;AO 274>E 87C<;5=8O, =>?0A=K5 >1K ?@>4>;60; A2>8< B8E8< 3>;>A><:</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >=5G=>65, >:@C60NI89 =0A <8@ 1>;LH>9 8>?0A=K9. KA;01K, 0OCAB0;. <5AB5 <K1C45< A8;L=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>>=5G=>!</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> >A:068, ?>60;C9AB0, :0: =0AG5B B5E, :B> <em>_=5_</em> A8;5=?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>!;01K5 MB> 540. 0: >=> 2A5340 81K;>!</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> , A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K.  0: >=> 2A5340 81K;>. 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"0: 1K;> 4>B>3>, :0: 87<5=8;AO. =A51O B0: GC2AB2>20; 4>B>3>, :0: AB0; >@8A><. =1K; ?@>AB> :>B><. !<KH;5=K<, =>2A565 :>B><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>"K1@>A05HL <=5 2K7>2?</em> :@8G0; 0C: =0A:;>=5==CN D83C@:C ?0A=KE >1>2.  <em>B>2@5<O, :0: O MB> 2A5 8AB8==>5, GB> 5ABL 2 +!? /3@O7L 8B5<=>B0! /HC< ?>4 ?>;>28F0<8 8HC@H0=85 2AB5=0E! /B>, GB> 45;05B ?>4:>?K 8@07>@O5B! /A>2>:C?=>ABL B>3>, GB> BK>B25@305HL! / B2>5 8AB8==>5 O! "K1C45HL  ",!/?</em></p> <p class="lbparmain"> 8:>340, A:070; ?0A=K5 >1K.  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"5?5@L <em>=5</em> 428309AO, <em>=5</em> =0ABC?09 =8=0:>3> 8=5?CB09AO ?>4 =>30<8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> <em>MB></em> 1K;>?  ?@>H5?B0;0 0;8H0 ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: ?>GC2AB2>20;0, <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A:>;L7=C;> ?>55?>4>;C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /4C<0N, >=8 =07K20NB 55-:>=><8O, >B25B8; 8B.  !N40 845B ;0=!</p> <p class="lbparmain">:><=0BC 2>@20;8AL 5I5 :@KAK, =>MB8 42830;8AL <nobr>?>-4@C3><C</nobr>. =8 45@60;8AL 2<5AB5 8<54;5==> ?@>42830;8AL 2?5@54, 2KBO=C2H8AL 2F5?>G:C. >340 2@065A:0O :@KA0 =0?040;0, F5?L, :0: :C;0:, 1KAB@> A68<0;0AL 2>:@C3 =55. :>340 >=0 @0768<0;0AL, :@KA0 1K;0 C65 <5@B20.</p> <p class="lbparmain">B>;L:> :>340 CF5;52H85 :@KAK ?>GCO;8 C60A A2>8E A>1@0BL52 8?>?KB0;8AL C1560BL, F5?L @0A?0;0AL. =0 @0A?0;0AL =0?0@K, :>B>@K5, AC60A0NI59 MDD5:B82=>ABLN ?@5A;54>20;8 >4=>3> C1530NI53> 2@030 704@C38<, 8?>25@30;8 8E=8F C:CA><.</p> <p class="lbparmain">?>B><, A?CABO A5:C=4K ?>A;5 55=0G0;0, 2>9=0 70:>=G8;0AL. 8A: =5A:>;L:8E C40G;82KE 153;5F>2 CB8E A@548 AB5=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">@KAK ;0=0 8740;8 =5AB@>9=K9 :;8G. -B> 1K; :;8G, :>B>@K9 3>2>@8;: /682>9! 5A<>B@O =8=0GB>!.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 030@?  A?@>A8; 8B.  'B> AB>1>9 A;CG8;>AL?</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 2KBO=C;AO 8C:070; ;0?>9 =0425@L 24@C3>< :>=F5 ?>420;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A;8 BKE>G5HL ?><>GL, >B:@>9 MBC 425@L!  :@8:=C; >=.  020965!</p> <p class="lbparmain">1@>A8;AO 22>4>AB>:. AB0;L=K5 G;5=K >B@O40 ?>A;54>20;8 70=8<. 48= 87=8E =0E>4C >B1820; G5G5B:C.</p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 11</strong></p> <blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph">"0< >=8=0H5; 8AB5@0 09:8=0, 70?CB02H53>AO 2:CAB5 56528:8.<br/>3> 3>;C1>9 ?8460: 1K; 25AL 87>@20=.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">@KA8=K9 :>@>;L =58AB>2AB2>20;.</p> <p class="lbparmain">:@C60NI85 :@KAK CE20B8;8AL 703>;>2K, 5@A8:8 2A:@8:=C;0 8C?0;0 =0A?8=C. >A;54=OO 3>@OI0O A?8G:0 2K;5B5;0 C=55 87@C:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>=5GB> 2>@8A5 ?5@568;> MB>B @52, MBC <5=B0;L=CN <em>1C@N</em>. <nobr>0:0O-B></nobr> <0;5=L:0O 53> G0ABL A?@OB0;0AL 70:;5B:C <>730 8?@83=C;0AL, ?>:0 >AB0;L=>3> >@8A0 A<5B0;> ?@>GL. KA;8 A>@20;8AL A>A2>53> <5AB0 88AG57;8 2C@030=5. @8H5; :>=5F @073>2>@0<, C482;5=8N, ?@54AB02;5=8N ><8@5 :0: >G5< B>, =0E>4OI5<AO <em>A=0@C68</em>& !;>8 53> @07C<0 ?@>=>A8;8AL <8<>, ?>@K2 C=5A AA>1>9 2A5, >G5< >=4C<0; :0: ><em>A515</em>, >AB0282 B>;L:> :>H0GL8 <>738. !>>1@078B5;L=K5 <>738, 40, =>& 2A53> ;8HL :>H0GL8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">A53> ;8HL :>B. 0704, :;5AC 8?5I5@5, :7C10< 8:>3BO<& </p> <p class="lbparmain">@>AB> :>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">2K2A5340 <>65B5 4>25@OBL :>BC 2B><, GB> >=1C45B 25AB8 A51O :0: :>B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B ?@8IC@8;AO. =1K; 7>; 8A18B AB>;:C. 3> CH8 ?@860;8AL :3>;>25. 3;070E 70A25@:0;8 75;5=K5 >3=8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">==5<>3 4C<0BL. >==54C<0;. "5?5@L 8<42830; 8=AB8=:B, GB> B>, 459AB2CNI55 =0C@>2=5 @52CI59 :@>28.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=1K; :>B>< 8>=2845; AC5B;82KE ?>?8A:820NI8E ACI5AB2. 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"K?@8=5A5HL A>A8A:8, O?@8254C <M@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, =>?D. <em>"K</em> ?@8=5A5HL A>A8A:8, 0<em>O</em> ?@8254C <M@0, ?>B><C GB> <M@ C=0A 15A?;0B=K9, 03>A?>60 (025@ ?>B@51C5B 45=53.</p><p class="lbparmain">&nbsp;</p><p class="lbparmain">>340 A5@60=B 4>1@0;AO 4>4><0 <M@0, B>B C65 ?@>A=C;AO 82AB@52>65==> E>48; ?>4><C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">#28452 A5@60=B0, >=@072>;=>20;AO 5I5 1>;LH5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B> >=0 =0B2>@8;0 =0MB>B @07?  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">340 MB> B>, GB> =07K20NB G5@B>2>9 704=8F59. >=8<05B5, >=4>;65= <em><nobr>GB>-=81C4L</nobr></em> C25AB8 873>@>40. =0G5 53> =8:B> =51C45B C2060BL, =>2>AB8 @0A?@>AB@0=ONBAO 1KAB@>, 05A;8 20< =5>:07K20NB C2065=8O, GB> C20A >AB05BAO? A;8 4C4>G=8:C =5>:07K20NB C2065=8O, >=?@>AB>& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> & =8:C40 =53>45=, A:070; 3>;>A.  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CB51O ?>;CG8BAO 70AB028BL :@KA B0=F520BL, 40, <0;KH?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> CGH5 G5< CB51O, 4C4>G=8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ><=5, 72CG8B :0: 2K7>2, A:070; 4C4>G=8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C4>G=8: =5?@8=8<05B 2K7>2K >B&  =0G0; 1K;> AB0@8: =0?>2>7:5, =>4C4>G=8: <0E=C; =0=53> @C:>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =05HL, <0;LG8:, A:070; >=, MB> =5?5@2K9 @07, :>340 <nobr>:0:>9-B></nobr> @515=>: ?KB05BAO 1@>A8BL <=5 2K7>2. /84C ?>C;8F5 8A;KHC, :0: <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> :@8G8B >AB0209 A2>N ?8::>;>, AC40@L!. />1>@0G820NAL 82A5340 286C <0;LG8:0 A3;C?K< ;8F><, 2@>45 B51O. /=5E>GC, GB>1K <5=O >128=8;8 2=5G5AB=>AB8, <0;KH. 5A;8 BKB5?5@L 8728=8HLAO, B>C945HL >BAN40 AB5<65 :>;8G5AB2>< =>3, A:0:8< ?@8H5;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K<em>8A?C30;AO</em>, 2KABC?8;0 87B>;?K 0;8H0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C4>G=8: CE<K;L=C;AO 59.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0?  ?@>BO=C; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, ?>B><C GB> 2A5 7=0NB, GB> ?@>8AE>48B 2B0:8E A8BC0F8OE. >72>;L <=5 A?@>A8BL CMB>3> 3;C?>3> 2840 ?0@5=L:0, :>B>@>3> O=8:>340 4>A8E ?>@ =52845;0: BKA8@>B0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, >B25B8; 8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> BK=8G53> =57=05HL >A2>5< ?@>H;><?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 30!  2K:@8:=C;0 0;8H0.  -B> 2A5 ?>4B25@6405B! K<em>2A5</em> 7=05<, GB> ?@>8AE>48B, :>340 24@C3 ?>O2;O5BAO B08=AB25==K9 A8@>B0 81@>A05B 2K7>2 <nobr>:><C-B></nobr> 1>;LH><C 8A8;L=><C, ?@0240? -B> 2A5 @02=>, GB> 1KBL B@5BL8<, A0<K< <;04H8< AK=>< :>@>;O. =<>65B <em>B>;L:></em> ?>1548BL!</p> <p class="lbparmain">=0 1@>A8;0 =0B>;?C B>@65AB2CNI89 273;O4. >B>;?0 A><=520;0AL. =8 =5G8B0;8 AB>;L:> :=83, A:>;L:> G8B0;0 0;8H0, 8?>B><C ?>;030;8AL =0687=5==K9 >?KB, :>B>@K9 ?>4A:07K20;, GB> 5A;8 <nobr>:B>-=81C4L</nobr> <0;5=L:89 84>1@>45B5;L=K9 1@>A05B 2K7>2 <nobr>:><C-B></nobr> 1>;LH><C 8>B2@0B8B5;L=><C, >=>G5=L A:>@> ?@52@0I05BAO 2?>460@5==K9 E;51>?@>4C:B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">AQ65, <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 87B>;?K 2K:@8:=C;: 09B5 ?0@5=L:C A3;C?K< ;8F>< H0=A! >:@09=59 <5@5 >=1C45B AB>8BL 45H52;5!, 8<nobr>:B>-B></nobr> 5I5 :@8:=C; 0, ?@028;L=>!, 85I5 :B> B>: /A>3;0A5= AMB8<8 42C<O!. , ?>E>65, <em>=8:B></em> =570<5B8;, GB> 2A5 MB8 3>;>A0 H;8 ?@0:B8G5A:8 >BC@>2=O 75<;8, 8>B<5AB0 2B>;?5, 345 =0E>48;AO 4@0=K9 :>B, C:>B>@>3> =5E20B0;> ?>;>28=K <5E0. <5AB> MB>3> =04 B>;?>9 ?>4=O;AO 3><>=, =52K@065==K9 2A;>20E, =8G53>, GB>1K <>3;> 4>AB028BL <nobr>:><C-;81></nobr> =5?@8OB=>AB8, 5A;8 4C4>G=8: @07>7;8BAO. @>AB> 1>@<>B0=85, ?>:07K20NI55, 2>1I5< A<KA;5, 157 65;0=8O <nobr>:>3>-;81></nobr> >1845BL, 8@0AA<0B@820O ?>?>@O4:C, =0@02=KE >A=>20=8OE, B>G:C 7@5=8O :064>3>, GB> ;N481K E>B5;8, GB>1K <0;LG8:C 40;8 H0=A, 5A;8 2K=5?@>B82, =52>184C 1C4L A:070=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">C4>G=8: ?>60; ?;5G0<8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> %>@>H>, A:070; >=.  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B:@KBL :;5B:8! #1548B5AL, GB> >=8 7020<8 A;54CNB! >H;8! >H;8! >H;8!</p> <p class="lbparmain">MB> ?@0:B8G5A:8 :>=5F =0H59 8AB>@88.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0:65 B>;?0 :@8G0;0, :>340 87:064>9 I5;8 8B@C1K ?>;57;8 :@KAK. 0:65 >=8 ?@825BAB2>20;8 >1>8E 4C4>G=8:>2, 4286CI8EAO 2?;OA:5 873>@>40, ABO=CI8<AO 70=8<8 E2>AB>< 87:@KA. 0:65 >=8 A28AB5;8, :>340 :@KAK =K@O;8 2@5:C A<>AB0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=8 =570<5B8;8, GB> =5:>B>@K5 :@KAK AB>O;8 =0<>ABC 8?>4104@820;84@C38E 2K:@8:0<8 2@>45 ><=8B5, A8;L=K5 @07<5@5==K5 3@51:8!, 8;8 "0<, =865 ?>B5G5=8N, >B;8G=K9 ?;O6!, 8;8 @K309B5 =>30<8 2?5@54, B>340 =5C40@8B5AL B0: A8;L=>!</p> <p class="lbparmain">4065 5A;81K 870<5B8;8, B>A:>@55 2A53> =8G53>1K =5A:070;8. >4>1=K5 45B0;8 =52?8AK20NBAO 2>1ICN :0@B8=C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">4C4>G=8: 2B0=F5 8AG57 70E>;<0<8, 8C65 =8:>340 =525@=C;AO =0704.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B>< 1K;8 1C@=K5 0?;>48A<5=BK. A5 A>3;0A8;8AL, GB> MB> 1K;> >B;8G=>5 7@5;8I5, E>BO 84>@>3>20B>5. =5< >?@545;5==> AB>8;> @0AA:070BL A2>8< 45BO<.</p> <p class="lbparmain">0;LG8: A3;C?K< ;8F><, :>B>@K9 1@>A8; 2K7>2 4C4>G=8:C, =5B>@>?;82> 25@=C;AO =0?;>I04L. <C B>65 4>AB0;8AL 0?;>48A<5=BK. 5=5: C40;AO. N48 ?>4C<K20;8, 0=57025AB8;8 8<5I5 45B59, GB>1K 8EE20B8;> =02A5 @0AA:07K >1MB>< 4=5.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>, :>340 ?>O28;8AL <em>4@C385</em> :@KAK, ?>=O;8, GB> @0AA:07>2 E20B8B 8=02=C:>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=8 2>7=8:;8 2=570?=>, 2KA:>G82 872>4>AB>:>2, @5H5B>: 8I5;59. =8 =51530;8, >=8 =5?8I0;8. =8 ?@>AB> A845;8 =0<5AB5, 2=8<0B5;L=> 702A5<8 =01;N40O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !<>B@8, 4C4>G=8:!  2K:@8:=C; <M@.  "K?@>?CAB8; =5A:>;L:> HBC:!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B. K=5:@KAK, :>B>@K5 A;54CNB 704C4>G=8:0<8, A:070; 3>;>A.  K:@KAK, A:>B>@K<8 20< ?@845BAO <em>4>3>2>@8BLAO</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">M@ 273;O=C; 2=87. >7;5 53> 1>B8=:0 AB>O;0 :@KA0, 3;O4O 225@E ?@O<> 5<C 2;8F>. >E>65, >=0 45@60;0 2;0?5 H?03C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B5F, A:070;0 0;8H0 C=53> 70A?8=>9, 4C<0N, ?@8A;CH0BLAO :MB>9 :@KA5 1C45B =5?;>E>9 84559.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >MB>65 :@KA0!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =7=05B, >B5F. >=B0:65 7=05B, :0: 25@=CBL >1@0B=> 45=L38, 54C, 8:0: =09B8 ;N459, :>B>@K5 2>@>20;8 55C=0A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >>=65 :@KA0!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, >B5F. >5A;8 BK1C45HL 3>2>@8BL A=8< 4>AB>9=>, >=A<>65B =0< ?><>GL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">M@ CAB028;AO =0=5AB@>9=K5 @O4K ;0=0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K4>;6=K 3>2>@8BL A<em>:@KA0<8</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> =5?;>E0O 845O, >B5F.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >>=865 :@KAK!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>E>65 <M@ CF5?8;AO 70MBC <KA;L, :0: 70A?0A0B5;L=K9 68;5B 21C@=>< <>@5, 1>OAL CB>=CBL, 5A;8 55>B?CAB8B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 7 2=8B5, 87 2=8B5, ?>A;KH0;AO @O4>< 3>;>A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=273;O=C; =03@O7=>3>, >13>@5;>3> :>B0, CE<K;L=C2H53>AO 2>B25B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B>B <em>:>B</em> GB>, B>;L:> GB> <em>703>2>@8;</em>?  A:070; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>@8A >3;O45;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B>@K9?  A:070; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K! "KB>;L:> GB> 3>2>@8;?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 20< AB0=5B ;CGH5, 5A;8 OA:06C =5B?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >:>BK =5C<5NB @073>20@820BL!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, O=5?>@CGCAL, GB> A<>3C ?@>87=5AB8 4;8==CN ?>A;5>1545==CN @5GL, 8=5?@>A8B5 <5=O >70102=>< <>=>;>35, A:070; >@8A, 8O=5C<5N 2K3>20@820BL B@C4=K5 A;>20, B0:85, :0: <0@<5;04 8;8 ;N<103>. >O=0A;0640NAL ?@>ABK< >AB@>C<85< 8=5A;>6=>9 74@02>9 15A54>9. >2>@O :0: :>B, O1K E>B5; 7=0BL, GB> A:06CB :@KAK.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >A?>48= <M@?  A:070; 8B, ?>4E>4O 825@BO 2@C:0E A2>N =>2CN D;59BC.  5AG8B05B5, GB> =0MB>B @07 ?>@0 @5H8BL 20HC ?@>1;5<C A:@KA0<8 @07 8=02A5340?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5H8BL? >& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5 GB> 20< =C6=> A45;0BL ?>3>2>@8BL A=8<8. !>15@8B5 3>@>4A:>9 A>25B 8<em>?>3>2>@8B5 A=8<8</em>. A5 7028A8B >B20A, 3>A?>48= <M@. >=5G=>, 2K<>65B5 :@8G0BL, 2>?8BL, 2K720BL A>10:, ;N48 <>3CB 1530BL 818BL :@KA <5B;0<8, 8<em>40</em>, >=8 C94CB. >>=8 C94CB =540;5:>. >=8 25@=CBAO >1@0B=>, ?>B>< >==0:;>=8;AO :A<CI5==><C <C6G8=5 8?@>H5?B0;: >=8 682CB ?>4 20H8<8 ?>;>28F0<, AM@. =8 7=0NB, :0: ?>;L7>20BLAO >3=5<. =8 7=0NB <em>2A5</em> >O40E. , 40. @8A;CH09B5AL :MB>9 :@KA5.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 GB>, <em>C3@>605B</em> =0<?  A?@>A8; <M@, 3;O=C2 =0030@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, 3>A?>48= <M@, >B25B8; 030@, O?@54;030N 20<&  >=3;O=C; =0>@8A0, :>B>@K9 :82=C;.  & 70<5G0B5;L=CN 2>7<>6=>ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K=0A0<>< 45;5 @073>20@8205B5? K<>65B5 4C<0BL?  A:070; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 273;O=C; =0=53>. -B> 1K;0 4>;30O =>GL. =1K =5E>B5; >=59 2A?><8=0BL. A59G0A, ?>E>65, =0<5G05BAO 4>;389, BO65;K9 45=L. =3;C1>:> 274>E=C;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B GB> O?@54;030N, A:070; >=.  K?@8B2>@8B5AL, 1C4B> ?>25@8;8 2B>, GB> :@KAK <>3CB 4C<0BL, 0O>15I0N ?@8B2>@8BAO, 1C4B> ?>25@8; 2B>, GB> MB> C<5NB ;N48.</p><p class="lbchaptertitle"><strong>;020 12</strong></p><blockquote class="epigraph"><p class="epigraph">>;>45F, C?5@B @KA>2A:89! 2A:@8G0;8 682>B=K5 CH=>9 >;8=K.</p> <p class="epigraphauthor"> 7<em>@8:;NG5=8O <8AB5@0 09:8=0</em></p></blockquote> <p class="lbparmain">>7;5 70;0 A>25B>2 0BE0CA0 A>1@0;0AL B>;?0. >;LH8=AB2C ?@8H;>AL AB>OBL A=0@C68, 2KBO3820O H58 2?>?KB:5 C2845BL, GB>65 B0< ?@>8AE>48B.</p> <p class="lbparmain">';5=K 3>@>4A:>3> A>25B0 AB>;?8;8AL 2>:@C3 >4=>3> :>=F0 4;8==>3> AB>;0. 04@C3>< 53> :>=F5, A182H8AL :CG:>9, A845;> >:>;> 4N68=K AB0@H8E :@KA.</p> <p class="lbparmain">?>A@548=5 A845; >@8A. =?>O28;AO =0AB>;5 2=570?=>, ?@K3=C2 A?>;0.</p> <p class="lbparmain">'0A>2I8: %>?28: 3@>7=> 3;O=C; =0>AB0;L=KE G;5=>2 A>25B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K<em>3>2>@8<</em> A:@KA0<8!  @O2:=C; >=, ?KB0OAL ?5@5:@8G0BL 320;B.  A;8 >1MB>< C7=0NB, <KAB0=5< ?>A<5H8I5<! >@>4, >2>@82H89 !>!2>8<8 @KA0<8. 0725 2KMB>3> =5?>=8<05B5?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @KAK =54;O B>3>, GB>1K A=8<8 3>2>@8BL, <>;28; A0?>6=8: 0CD<0=, BK:0O 2<M@0 ?0;LF5<.  M@, 7=0NI89 A2>5 45;>, ?>A;0;1K 70:@KA>;>20<8!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A;8 25@8BL <>59 4>G5@8, >=8 70?5@BK 2?>420;5, >B25B8; <M@. =CAB028;AO =0?0;5F.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0?5@BK 20H8<8 3>2>@OI8<8 :@KA0<8?  AJO728; 0CD<0=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, <>59 4>G5@LN, A?>:>9=> >B25B8; <M@.  #15@8B5 20H ?0;5F, <8AB5@ 0CD<0=. =0 ?>H;0 BC40 A>AB@06=8:><. =0 ?@54JO28;0 >G5=L A5@L57=K5 >128=5=8O, <8AB5@ 0CD<0=. =0 A:070;0, GB> ?>4 8EA0@05< A?@OB0=> <=>3> 54K. =0 A:070;0, GB> >=8 2>@>20;8 54C 8?@>4020;8 55@5G=K< B>@3>2F0<. ;02=K9 :@KA>;>2 20H 7OBL, <8AB5@ 0CD<0=, =5B0:;8? /?><=N, 2K>G5=L =0AB0820;8 =053> =07=0G5=88.</p> <p class="lbparmain">">;?0 A=0@C68 702>;=>20;0AL. !5@60=B >??5;L?C=:B ?@>;>68; A515 4>@>3C, 8, H8@>:> C;K10OAL, 2K;>68; =0AB>; >3@><=CN :>;10AC.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @O4;8 >4=C A>A8A:C <>6=> =0720BL <em>2>@>2AB2><</em>, A:070; 0CD<0=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">">;?0 >?OBL 701C@;8;0 8@0AABC?8;0AL, O282 B>, GB>, G5AB=> 3>2>@O, 1K;> >G5=L <54;5==> 84CI8< :0?@0;>< =>?D><. >B>, GB> MB> 1K; 8<5==> >=, AB0;> ?>=OB=> B>;L:> B>340, :>340 >=A=O; AA51O 3@C7 B@5E <5H:>2 A75@=><, 2>AL<8 A2O7>: A>A8A>:, 1>G>=:0 <0@8=>20==>9 A25:;K 8?OB=04F0B8 :>G0=>2 :0?CABK.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!5@60=B >??5;L?C=:B M=5@38G=> >B40; G5ABL ?>4 38<= 87?@83;CH5==>3> A:25@=>A;>28O 872C:0 ?040NI8E :>G0=>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @>HC @07@5H5=8O 27OBL H5ABL G5;>25:, GB>1K >=8 ?><>3;8 =0< ?@8=5AB8 >AB0;L=>5, AM@!  A:070; >=, ;CG0AL AG0ABL5<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 345 :@KA>;>2K?  A?@>A8; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 3;C1>:>9& =5?@8OB=>AB8, AM@, >B25B8; A5@60=B.  /A?@>A8; 8E, =5E>BOB;8 >=8 2K9B8, =>>=8 A:070;8, GB> =5?@>GL >AB0BLAO B0< 5I5 =5=04>;3>, A?0A81> 70?@54;>65=85, E>BO >=81K =5>B:070;8AL >B3;>B:0 2>4K 8=5A:>;L:8E ?0@ G8ABKE HB0=>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> MB> <em>2A5</em>, GB> >=8 A:070;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain">!5@60=B >??5;L?C=:B 2KB0I8; 70?8A=CN :=86:C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, AM@, >=8 A:070;8 5I5 >G5=L <=>3> 2A53>. 0A0<>< 45;5 >=8 ?;0:0;8. =8 A:070;8, GB> ?@87=0NBAO 2>2A5< 2>1<5= =0G8ABK5 HB0=K. 5I5, AM@, B0< 1K;> 2>B GB>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">!5@60=B 2KH5; 825@=C;AO ABO65;K< OI8:><, :>B>@K9 >=A>ABC:>< ?>AB028; =0?>;8@>20==K9 AB>;.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C:>2>4AB2COAL ?>;CG5==>9 >B:@KAK 8=D>@<0F859, <K273;O=C;8 ?>4 >4=C 87?>;>28F. "CB 1>;LH5 G5< 425AB8 4>;;0@>2. >1@>, =068B>5 =5G5AB=K< ?CB5<, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K?>;CG8;8 8=D>@<0F8N >B:@KAK?</p> <p class="lbparmain">!5@60=B 2KB0I8; 87:0@<0=0 !0@48=K. %>BO B>B 5;?5G5=L5, =>2A565 256;82> ?>4=O; H;O?C.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 54C<05HL, GB> MB> =5<=>3>& =538385=8G=>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, H5D, >=<K; @C:8, A:070; !0@48=K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /@073>20@820N AA5@60=B><.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, AM@. @8OB=K9 <0;K9. G5=L G8ABK9. 0?><8=05B <=5 E><OG:0, :>B>@K9 1K; C<5=O 245BAB25.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C, A?0A81>, A5@60=B. B;8G=0O @01>B0, ?>60;C9AB0, 848 8& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 3> 720;8 >@0F89, CA;C6;82> 4>1028; A5@60=B.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> !?0A81>, A5@60=B, 0B5?5@L.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @8OB=> A=>20 2845BL, :0: <0;5=L:85 I5G:8 >:@C3;ONBAO >B54K, AM@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <em>!?0A81></em>, A5@60=B!</p> <p class="lbparmain">>340 A5@60=B C40;8;AO, <M@ >15@=C;AO 8CAB028;AO =0<8AB5@0 0CD<0=0. 53> G5AB8 B>B 2K3;O45; A<CI5==K<.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?>GB8 =57=0; 53>, A:070; >=.  =?@>AB> G5;>25:, 70:>B>@>3> <>O A5AB@0 2KH;0 70<C6, 2>B 82A5! /A=8< ?@0:B8G5A:8 =52AB@5G0;AO!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /20A >B;8G=> ?>=8<0N, A:070; <M@.  O=5A>18@0NAL >B4020BL A5@60=BC ?@8:07 >1KA:0BL 20HC :;04>2CN, >=A;53:0 C;K1=C;AO, E<K:=C;, 84>1028;, ?>:@09=59 <5@5 ?>:0.  B0:, =0G5< <K>AB0=>28;8AL?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /E>B5; @0AA:070BL 20< A:07:C, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">';5=K 3>@>4A:>3> A>25B0 CAB028;8AL =0=53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B51O 7>2CB?..  A:070; <M@, ?@51K20NI89 A59G0A 2>B;8G=>< =0AB@>5=88.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >@8A, A:070; >@8A.  /2@>45 G0AB=>3> ?>A@54=8:0. 86C, 20< BO65;> @073>20@820BL A:@KA0<8, =>A<nobr>:>B0<8-B></nobr> ;N48 @073>20@820BL ;N1OB, 25@=>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0: 28:5 828=3AB>=5?  A:070; %>?28:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, ?@028;L=>, 2=5<, 8&  =0G0; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> :>B5 2A0?>30E?  ?>4A:070; :0?@0; =>?D.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, :>=5G=>, 2:=830E, A:070; >@8A, 1@>A82 =0=53> 7;>9 273;O4.  <em>;N1>< A;CG05</em>, :>BK <>3CB 3>2>@8BL A:@KA0<8, ?@0240? OA>18@0NAL @0AA:070BL 20< A:07:C. >A=0G0;0 OA>18@0NAL A:070BL 20<, GB> <>8 :;85=BK, :@KAK, ?>?5@2><C 20H5<C B@51>20=8N ?>:8=CB 20H 3>@>4 81>;LH5 AN40 =525@=CBAO. 8:>340.</p> <p class="lbparmain">N48 CAB028;8AL =0=53>. @KAK B>65.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> KC945<?  A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =8 C94CB?  A:070; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, ?>4B25@48; >@8A.  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A:070; >=, C:07K20O =0=55 ?0;LF5<.  C8=03;0O! @KA0! <em>H;O?5</em>!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@. -B> A>25I0=85 A:@KA0<8, AM@, A:070; <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> @O4><.</p> <p class="lbparmain">=?>A<>B@5; 2BCAB>@>=C 8?>?KB0;AO =0IC?0BL A2>8 >G:8.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>70?  A:070; >=. @8A<>B@5;AO 2=8<0B5;L=55.  @0725, <<, <em>BK</em> =5:@KA0, B>65?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@. 5=O 7>2CB 8B0B5;L=0O, AM@. K745AL 4;O ?5@53>2>@>2 A;N4L<8. 'B>1K ?>;>68BL :>=5F 2A5< =0?0ABO<.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8AB5@ (;N<5@ ?>A<>B@5; =0:@KAC. >B>< 273;O=C; 24>;L AB>;0 =0!0@48=K, :>B>@K9 ?@8?>4=O; H;O?C. >B>< =0<M@0, :>B>@K9 :82=C;.>B>< >=>3;O45; 2A5E 5I5 @07. 3> 3C1K H525;8;8AL, :>340 >=?KB0;AO C;>68BL 2A5 MB> 23>;>25.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K<em>2A5</em> 3>2>@OI85?  A:070; >==0:>=5F.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@, ?>4B25@48;0 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> & :B>65 20A A;CH05B?  A?@>A8; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K?>AB5?5==> :MB><C ?>4E>48<, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8AB5@ (;N<5@ CAB028;AO =0=53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "KGB>, :>B?  B@51>20B5;L=> A?@>A8; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@, A>3;0A8;AO >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8AB5@ (;N<5@ <54;5==> ?5@520@8; 8MBC =>2>ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /4C<0;, <K2A5340 C1820;8 :@KA?  A:070; >=B0:8< B>=><, A;>2=> A0< 1K; 2MB>< C65 =52?>;=5 C25@5=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, AM@, =>, 2848B5;8, AM@, MB> 1C4CI55, A:070; >@8A.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C4CI55? @0240? /2A5340 E>B5; 7=0BL, :>34065 >=> =0ABC?8B. 'B>6. >BK B5?5@L B>65 C<5NB 3>2>@8B? >;>4FK! >=5G=>, =C6=> 42830BLAO A, <<& 42865=85<. 071C48 <5=O, :>340, <<, ?@8=5ACB G09, E>@>H>, :8A:0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -& 70?@5I5=> =07K20BL :>B0 :8A:0, 5A;8 20< 1>;LH5 45AOB8 ;5B, AM@, A:070;0 8B0B5;L=0O.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C=:B 19 (1), @5H8B5;L=> A:070; >@8A.  8:B> =5<>65B =07K20BL :>B0 3;C?K<8 8<5=0<8, 5A;8 =5A>18@05BAO =5<54;5==> =0:>@<8BL 53>. -B> <em><>9</em> ?C=:B, A3>@4>ABLN 4>1028; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @0240?  C4828;AO <8AB5@ (;N<5@.  >65, 1C4CI55 B0:>5 AB@0==>5. >;030N, =C6=> 2A5 >14C<0BL& </p> <p class="lbparmain">=CAB@>8;AO =0A2>5< ABC;5 8G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O =0G0; E@0?5BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>:@C3 =53> >?OBL ?@8=O;8AL ;5B0BL 4>2>4K. >;LH8=AB2> ?@8ACBAB2CNI8E 3>2>@8;>. 5:>B>@K5 A;CH0;8. =>340 >=8 ?@8E>48;8 :A>3;0H5=8N& 842830;8AL 40;LH5& 8A?>@8;8. >AB>?:0 1C<038 =0AB>;5 ?@>4>;60;0 @0AB8 8AB0=>28;0AL 2A5 1>;55 >D8F80;L=>9.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 2>G5@54=>9 @07 70AB028; A51O ?@>A=CBLAO, 8>1=0@C68;, GB> 70=8< <nobr>:B>-B></nobr> =01;N405B. M@ A4@C3>3> :>=F0 AB>;0 ?@8AB0;L=> 8704C<G82> A<>B@5; =0=53>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>B>< ?>40;AO =0704 8<nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A:070; G8=>2=8:C, :>B>@K9 :82=C; 8428=C;AO 24>;L AB>;0, <8<> A?>@OI8E ;N459, ?>:0 =5?>4>H5; :030@C.</p> <p class="lbparmain">'5;>25: =0:;>=8;AO.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "K& <nobr><5-=O</nobr>& <nobr>?>-=8-<05HL</nobr>?  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A?@>A8; G8=>2=8:.  25@L B0<. /<>3C ?><>GL B515 A?CAB8BLAO, 5A;8 E>G5HL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /<>3C ?@>:CA8BL B515 ?0;5F, 5A;8 E>G5HL, ?0@8@>20; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">M@ C65 2KH5; <nobr>87-70</nobr> AB>;0 8=0?@02;O;AO :425@8.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ A>A:>;L7=C; =0?>; 8?>A;54>20; 70=8<. 8:B> =570<5B8; 8E8AG57=>25=8O.</p> <p class="lbparmain">M@ ?>4>640;, ?>:0 E2>AB 030@0 ?>:8=5B 425@=>9 ?@>5<, 8>AB>@>6=> ?@8:@K; 425@L.</p> <p class="lbparmain">018=5B <M@0 ?@54AB02;O; 87A51O <0;5=L:CN =5>?@OB=CN :><=0BC. @0:B8G5A:8 =02A5E ?;>A:8E ?>25@E=>ABOE ;560;8 AB>?:8 1C<03.4>;L AB5= AB>O;8 :=86=K5 H:0DK. >25@E =8E 82>>1I5 2;N1>< A2>1>4=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25 1K;8 18B:>< =018BK 5I5 :=838, 85I5 85I5 1C<038.</p> <p class="lbparmain">2830OAL A?>4G5@:=CB>9 0::C@0B=>ABLN, <M@ ?@>H5; :AB>;C 8A5; =01>;LH>9 >1>4@0==K9 2@0I0NI89AO ABC;.=273;O=C; =0030@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /=025@=>5 <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> A45;0N =5B0:, A:070; >=.  =>, 4C<0N, =0< A;54C5B ?>3>2>@8BL <nobr>?>-;N4</nobr>& ?>15A54>20BL. >6=> O?>4=8<C B51O =0AB>;? /8<5N 2284C, 5A;8 BK1C45HL =0<>5< AB>;5, AB>1>9 1C45B C4>1=55 @073>20@820BL& </p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5B, >B@570; 030@.  C<0N, A<em>B>1>9</em> 1C45B C4>1=55 @073>20@820BL, 5A;8 BK;O65HL =0?>;.  =274>E=C;.=A;8H:>< CAB0; 4;O MB8E 83@.  A;8 BK?>;>68HL ;04>=L =0?>;, OA<>3C =0=55 701@0BLAO. BKA<>65HL ?>4=OBL 55=02KA>BC AB>;0, ?@54;>68; >=, =>5A;8 BK?>?KB05HLAO 2K:8=CBL <nobr>:0:>9-=81C4L</nobr> D>:CA, O>B:CHC B515 ?0;5F.</p> <p class="lbparmain">G5=L >AB>@>6=> <M@ ?>4=O; 53> 225@E. 030@ A?@K3=C; =0A;>9 871C<03, ?CABKE G09=KE G0H5:, AB0@KE @CG5:, ?>:@K20NI89 8AF0@0?0==CN :>60=CN AB>;5H=8FC, 8?>A<>B@5; =0A<CI5==>3> G5;>25:0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -& 0CB51O <=>3> 1C<06=>9 @01>BK?  A?@>A8; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5@A8:8 2A5 70?8AK205B, 3@C1>20B> >B25B8; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> <0;5=L:0O :@KA0, :>B>@0O >B:0H;8205BAO, ?5@54 B5< :0: 703>2>@8BL, 40?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "0: 85ABL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> =0 >G5=L& ?@O<>;8=59=0, =5B0:;8?  A?@>A8; <M@. 030@ 70<5B8;, GB> <M@ ?>B55B.  =0 ?C305B =5:>B>@KE 87=0H8E A>25B=8:>2, <nobr>E0-E0</nobr>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> <nobr>%0-E0</nobr>, ?>2B>@8; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">M@ 2K3;O45; =5AG0AB=K<. 070;>AL, >=;8E>@04>G=> 4C<05B, GB>1K 5I5 A:070BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 2K, M, E>@>H> @0A?>;>68;8AL?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /?@>25; G0ABL ?@>H;>9 =>G8, A@060OAL A?A>< 2:@KA8=>9 O<5, 0?>B>< O=0<nobr>:0:>5-B></nobr> 2@5<O 70AB@O; 2:0?:0=5, ;54O=K< B>=>< >B25B8; 030@.  ?>B>< 1K;0 =51>;LH0O 2>9=0. @><5 MB>3>, <=5 =5=0GB> 60;>20BLAO.</p> <p class="lbparmain">M@ 1@>A8; =0=53> >15A?>:>5==K9 273;O4. 2?5@2K9 @07 2A2>59 687=8 030@C AB0;> 60;L G5;>25:0. 0;LG8: A3;C?K< ;8F>< MB> A>2A5< 4@C3>5. M@ 2K3;O45; CAB02H8< =5<5=55 030@0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >A;CH09, A:070; >=, O4C<0N, MB> A@01>B05B, 5A;8 MB> B>, GB> BKE>G5HL A?@>A8BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain">8F> <M@0 ?@>A25B;5;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> C<05HL?  A:070; >=.  !B>;L:> A?>@>2.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >B><C O84C<0N, GB> 2A5 ?>;CG8BAO, A:070; 030@.  N48 8:@KAK A?>@OB. K=5B@028B5 =0H AK@, <K=53048< 220H5 20@5=L5. C45B =5;53:>, =>MB> C65 =0G0;>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ABL 5I5 <nobr>:>5-GB></nobr>, GB> O1K E>B5; C7=0BL, ?@>3>2>@8; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> K<em><>3;8</em> >B@028BL =0H8 :>;>4FK. K<em><>3;8</em> ?>465GL =0H8 4><0. >G:0 3>2>@8;0, GB> 2K>G5=L& @0728BK5. K=0< =8G53> =54>;6=K. >G5<C65 2KMB>3> =5A45;0;8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0G5<? 'B> =0< 45;0BL ?>B><? 4B8 24@C3>9 3>@>4? 'B>1K >?OBL ?@>9B8 G5@57 2A5 MB>? 0:85 <em>1;030</em> ?@8=5A5B =0< C189AB2>? 0=LH5 8;8 ?>765 =0< ?@845BAO 25AB8 A;N4L<8 ?5@53>2>@K. -B8<8 ;N4L<8 <>65B5 1KBL 82K.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> /@04, GB> <K20< =@028<AO!  A:070; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ >B:@K; 1K;> @>B, GB>1K A:070BL: @028B5AL? 5B, <K?@>AB> =54>AB0B>G=> 20A =5=02848<. K<em>=54@C7LO</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">>& </p> <p class="lbparmain">>;LH5 =51C45B :@KA8=KE O<. 51C45B :0?:0=>2, =51C45B O4>2. >=5G=>, 5<C ?@845BAO >1JOA=8BL :;0=C, :B> B0:>9 ?>;8F59A:89, 8?>G5<C :@KA8=K9 ?>;8F59A:89 <>65B ?@5A;54>20BL :@KA, =0@CH0NI8E =>2K5 @028;0. <MB> =5?>=@028BAO. <MB> <em>2>>1I5</em> =5?>=@028BAO. 065 4;O 2>60:0 A>A;540<8 7C1>2 >ABO=>9 @KAK MB> 1C45B A;>6=>9 7040G59. >, :0: 3>2>@8; >@8A: <KA45;05< MB>, 0>=8 A45;0NB B>. 8:B> <=>3> =5?>B5@O5B, 2A5 <=>3>5 ?>;CG0B. >@>4 1C45B ?@>F25B0BL, 45B8 @0AB8 82A5 AB0=5B =5>6840==> <em>>1K45==K<</em>.</p> <p class="lbparmain">A5< =@02OBAO <em>>1K45==K5</em> 25I8. 5=@028BAO B>;L:> :>340 <5=O5BAO >1KG=K9 ?>@O4>: 25I59. !B>8B ?>?@>1>20BL, ?>4C<0; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> B5?5@L OE>GC 7040BL 2>?@>A B515, A:070; >=.  "K1K; 2>60:>< =0?@>BO65=88& :0:>3> 2@5<5=8?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5AOB8 ;5B, >B25B8; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> A;>6=>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> , 40. , 40. A5 2A5340 A><=>9 A?>@OB, >B25B8; <M@.  %>BO, ?>A;5 2A53> MB>3>, 4C<0N, 1C45B =5<=>3> <5=LH5 A?>@>2. >MB> =5?@>AB0O @01>B0.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 5;5?> :@8G0BL 2A5 2@5<O, B>;L:> GB>1K E>BL <nobr>GB>-B></nobr> 45;0;>AL, A:070; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> "0: 85ABL, A>3;0A8;AO <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 2A5 >6840NB, GB> BK1C45HL ?@8=8<0BL @5H5=8O, ?@>4>;68; 030@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, B>G=>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> @54K4CI89 2>60: ?5@54 A<5@BLN 40; <=5 A>25B, 87=05HL, GB> MB> 1K;>? 55HL 75;5=CN ABC45=8ABCN HBC:C!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> -B> E>@>H89 A>25B?  A?@>A8; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 0, >B25B8; 030@.  >2A5, GB> >B=53> B@51>20;>AL, MB> 1KBL 1>;LH8<, :@5?:8< 84@0BLAO A:@KA0<8, 65;0NI8<8 70=OBL 53> <5AB>.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >GB8 :0: 2=0H5< A>25B5, A:070; <M@.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 'B>?  C4828;AO 030@.  "K<em>:CA05HL</em> 8E70<em>H58</em>?</p> <p class="lbparmain"> >:0 =5B, A:070; <M@.  ><KA;L AB>OI0O, 4>;65= >B<5B8BL.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> A5 7=0G8B5;L=> A;>6=55, G5< O?@54AB02;O; A515!  @0AB5@O=> ?>60;>20;AO 030@.  >B><C GB> ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: =0CG8HLAO :@8G0BL, =C6=> =0CG8BLAO =5:@8G0BL!</p> <p class="lbparmain"> ?OBL BK?@02, A:070; <M@.  "0: >=> 2A5 8@01>B05B.  =?>;>68; =0AB>; @C:C ;04>=LN 225@E.  >6=>?  A?@>A8; >=.</p> <p class="lbparmain">030@ 27>H5; =0=55 8AB0@0;AO =5?>B5@OBL @02=>25A8O, ?>:0 <M@ =5A 53> 4>>:=0, 0?>B>< >?CAB8; =0?>4>:>==8:.</p> <p class="lbparmain"> 848HL @5:C?  A:070; <M@.  848HL 4><0? 848HL ;N459 =0C;8F0E? =5 =C6=> 70AB028BL 2A5 MB> @01>B0BL. C, =5@5:C, :>=5G=>65, >=0 @01>B05B A0<0 ?>A515. :064K9 3>4 2KOA=O5BAO, GB> O=5=0AB>;L:> 8E4>AB0;, GB>1K >=8 2K1@0;8 A515 <M@>< <nobr>:>3>-B></nobr> 4@C3>3>. <=5 >?OBL ?@8E>48BAO MB8< 70=8<0BLAO. 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